It’s easy to overlook the strides of Ethiopian Jews in Israel in the midst of reported discrimination, violence, and racism on public streets against them. While there is a great deal more work to be done, a recent study reports the progress that Israel has made with regards to its Ethiopian population. Alongside the advancement of Ethiopian Jews, projects funded by New Israel Fund of Canada and New Israel Fund have promoted equal opportunity, full integration, and respect for this population’s rich history.
As NIFC celebrates 30 years of activism in Israel, here’s a chance to reflect on progress in Israel through a very particular lens.
Ethiopians making Aliyah to Israel tested the country’s belief in equality and justice towards all of its residents. Immigration to Israel among Ethiopians grew in steady numbers through the 1980’s and escalated in the 1990’s. The immigrant population entering Israel was young. Ethiopians quickly enrolled in schools and found jobs across the country.
At the outset and throughout their integration into Israeli society, New Israel Fund and New Israel Fund of Canada readily acknowledged the potential that this group had of not only making a life for themselves in their new surroundings but also contributing to the success of Israel as a whole.
Last month, the Taub Center for Social Policy Studies in Israel published the results of surveys studying Ethiopian Jewish well-being from 1998 through 2011*. Here are some highlights:
-Employment rates of Ethiopians substantially increased over ten years, climbing from just half of working-age Ethiopians holding down jobs in 2000 to almost 75%. Today, they mirror the employment rate among Israelis as a whole.
-The rate of Ethiopian women finding work has increased from just 35% to nearly two-thirds of women age 25-54.
-Ethiopian Jews with advanced degrees are equal to their non-Ethiopian Jewish graduates in finding work in highly-skilled professions.
-Though the rate is lower than the rest of the Jewish-Israeli population, 1 in 5 Ethiopians graduating from Israeli schools work in the highest echelon of Israel’s professions.
And, still, this population continues to trail behind:
-An Ethiopian family is bringing home one-third less income than the average Israeli household.
-While non-Ethiopian Jews make up 40% of those with a college degree, Ethiopian Jews make up half that proportion.
-Older Ethiopians, particularly women, find work mostly in cleaning or kitchen services, with education levels far below others their age.
Of particular interest is the relationship the study found between the age of Ethiopians when they entered Israel and how they’re doing today. The younger they were when they immigrated, the greater Ethiopians’ educational level and employment prospects. These young people found opportunity through early integration into Israel’s schools, community life, health care, and professions. Like other Israelis, they worked hard to realize the promise of Israel as a “Start-Up Nation.”
Since the early days of mass immigration to Israel, New Israel Fund and New Israel Fund of Canada have worked to break down barriers keeping Ethiopian Jews from fulfilling their potential. NIF and NIFC funded major publicity campaigns emphasizing that Ethiopian Jews are Israelis too; training for women to enter the workforce as entrepreneurs; anti-discriminatory coaching in the workplace in preparation for Ethiopian integration; widespread celebration of and pride in Ethiopian Jewish culture; first aid response to domestic abuse in Ethiopian Jewish households; and legal education to those facing discrimination in housing, employment, and education.
A shared commitment among Ethiopian Jews and Israeli society is behind the latest news of advances for this population. Committed for over three decades of projects in economic and social justice, New Israel Fund of Canada and NIF are proud to contribute to the continuing progress for Ethiopian Jews – and for all Israelis.
Western Wall Rabbi Shmuel Rabinovitch has apologized to Linda Siegel-Richman, an American Jewish woman who was barred from approaching the Kotel because she was wearing a kippa. The apology came after Rabbi Rabinovich received a protest letter from NIF partner Women of the Wall.
Women of the Wall said it was outraged by the incident and harshly criticized Kotel officials for threatening to arrest Siegel-Richman. It also criticized the Orthodox Western Wall Heritage Foundation for ignoring a court ruling that allows pluralistic Jewish worship at the Western Wall.
Segal-Richman, from Colorado, is in Israel on a Conservative Movement yeshiva study program.
In a major setback for religious freedom in Israel, the Israeli cabinet has approved a proposal by the religious party Shas to cancel the reform of the Jewish conversion process begun by the previous government. Minister of Religious Services and Shas MK David Azoulai rubbed salt in the wounds of much of world Jewry by declaring, “Reform Jews aren’t Jews.”
Rabbi Gilad Kariv, Executive Director of NIFC partner the Israel Movement for Reform and Progressive Judaism, has demanded that Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu reprimand Azoulai. He also said, “The Israeli government has awarded a prize to the Orthodox monoply, even though its only achievement has been the double one of driving the Israeli public away from Jewish tradition, while continuing to harm the basic right of Israel’s citizens to equality and freedom of worship.”
Rabbi Kariv added, “The Cabinet decision to transfer the rabbinical courts responsible for conversion from the Justice Ministry to the Religious Affairs Ministry shows just how far the rabbinical courts are not part of a proper and democratic justice system but merely a branch of the corrupt and degenerate rabbinical establishment. This decision gives young couples in Israel another reason to turn their back on marriage at the rabbinate and vote with their feet and hearts against the rabbinical monopoly.”
“In this situation,’ he concluded, “We call on the forces of moderation in religious Zionism to shake off the illusion that the State rabbinical establishment can be rebuilt from within through short-term reforms, and to redesign State-religious relations in Israel on a community, clean and pluralistic basis.
The fight against racism in Israel is often couched in the language of the modern American civil-rights movement, but support can come from more traditional Jewish sources as well. Writing in 1920, Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook, one of the most important thinkers in Religious Zionism, argued that “the love of Israel requires the love of all mankind.” This statement, together with a range of other Jewish texts and teachings, formed the basis of the curriculum for Shatil’s course on racism and Judaism, which recently graduated its second cohort.
Held in partnership with Neve Schechter-The Legacy Heritage Center for Jewish Culture, the course brought together individuals united by their desire to use traditional Jewish teachings in the fight against racism. Some participants came from organizations already involved in combating racism, but many hoped to expand their existing work to include an anti-racism component.
By focusing on Jewish texts, the course not only provided a self-reflective experience for its participants, but also equipped them with tools to motivate other people who are more engaged by Jewish discourse than by human rights language. In this vein, course participants were encouraged to develop their own projects at the end of the course, which they will carry out with support and guidance from Shatil.
Boaz Ahad Ha’am, project manager for Access Israel, plans to produce a series of online lectures in sign language about the phenomenon of racism and how to fight it. While language barriers can often exacerbate racism, sign language is exactly the same for Hebrew and Arabic speakers, allowing it to be a unique point of intersection.
“I intend to make accessible the ideas of racism and tolerance to the deaf community,” said Boaz. He decided to participate in the course because he was looking to explore “alternative views of Judaism that allow for tolerance and non-chauvinistic or non-jingoistic views.” In addition to providing him with a wealth of materials for future action, the course gave Boaz the impetus to take action and begin preparing this lecture series.
Course participants came from various organizations, including Reshet HaYeruka, an environmental education group; Tmura – the Institute for Secular Humanistic Judaism; and Women Wage Peace. Their planned projects include introducing anti-racism concepts into a women’s leadership course at WIZO and a video of women singing lullabies in many languages that will be used to raise awareness about a variety of issues.
“Shatil is a wonderful arena for activism,” commented Boaz, adding that its strength comes from the way it “infuses both theory and practice so that it won’t be either too theoretical or merely field work.”
A new website was just launched by the Ministry of Economics Equal Employment Opportunities Commission featuring the Shatil-developed online equal pay tool, which allows employers to easily retrieve information about the wages of men vs. women in their organization. Also on the site is an employer’s manual outlining ways to assess and mitigate wage gaps in the organization as well as other project publications.
In tandem, Shatil is engaged in a campaign targeting employers to increase awareness and use of the new tools.
The pay tool and campaign were developed as part of the The Equal Pay Project, a partnership between Shatil, the Israel Women’s Network, Adva, and the Equal Employment Opportunities Commission.
This site marks an important victory in the battle against gender pay gaps.
We, you and I, or people just like us in Israel, can indeed make a difference. I could point to many grassroots organizations founded by committed volunteers and funded by the New Israel Fund. They are the reasons I am a supporter of NIFC: how could I not support these good people?
In the face of many recent racist activities by Jewish extremists, in Israel, it is hard to retain at all times faith in the future despite our personal commitment. At moments of deep distress, I try to remember that we can change the facts on the ground with determined and smart actions. There is one organization which I would like to single out as my proof text: Tag Meir (“Light Tag”). It is a ray of light in dark times, and a demonstration of the difference which actions consistently with our values can make.
The website for Tag Meir is excellent. I will let that site tell the story briefly.
“Tag Meir (Light Tag) is a grass-roots organization founded in 2011 which works against racism in Israel.
Wherever there is racism, and in particular religiously motivated racism, Tag Meir seeks to expose and counteract it. Tag Meir seeks to transcend religious divides, enlisting support from across the Israeli spectrum, from secular through Reform and Conservative to Orthodox and Ultra-Orthodox. Tag Meir seeks to highlight and publicize the outstanding anti-racism work undertaken every day in Israel by a multitude of organizations and individuals. In addition, Tag Meir sees the battle against racism as also a part of a campaign to support democratic values, and the very traditional Jewish values of loving our neighbours and justice for all.
Tag Meir works in partnership with a forum of like-minded organizations and institutions in Israel, from the social justice-focused New Israel Fund to Jerusalem’s religious and cultural institution Beit Avi Chai. Our partner organizations help to direct the work of Tag Meir, and to publicize its events, many of which are held at short notice following racist attacks.
The name Tag Meir was coined in response to the name Tag Mechir (Price Tag). In recent years, a small percentage of extreme right-wing settlers have chosen to respond to what they perceive as discrimination against them by the Israeli government by performing acts of violence and desecration against Arabs, Christians and minority groups in Israel and the territories. The settlers label their attacks Tag Mechir, Price Tag, with the intention of sending a coercive message to Israel’s government: this is the price you pay for failing to support our cause as we see fit….
Whatever their politics, the majority of Israelis oppose acts of violence against innocent people who are being used as pawns in a political fight that has little or nothing to do with them. Tag Meir offers these Israelis the chance to voice their opposition and publicize it to those who need to hear: the victims, Israel’s government, the general public, and the world beyond Israel who care about what happens here…
After the burning of a mosque near Hebron, Tag Meir organized a delegation of people to visit the town, apologize to its residents and religious leaders, and offer material support. After the fire-bombing of a taxi-cab at Bat Ayin, Tag Meir organized a delegation of supporters to meet near the site and visit the victims in Hadassah Hospital in Ein Karem, just outside Jerusalem. After the desecration of the monastery in Latrun, Tag Meir organized an on-site demonstration of solidarity with the victims and protest against the attackers; the five hundred people who attended listened to music and speeches by representatives of the monastery and Jewish leaders from across the spectrum: Orthodox, Conservative and Reform.
Tag Meir’s work extends well beyond responding to Tag Mechir. In 2012, following the riots against African refugees in South Tel Aviv, the home of Eritrean refugees in Jerusalem was fire-bombed. Tag Meir organized a protest nearby and helped the family with material support. In 2012 an Arab teenager was lynched Jerusalem’s city centre for no reason other than being an Arab. Again Tag Meir protested nearby….”
I have friends in Kol Haneshama, my synagogue in Jerusalem, who are active in Tag Meir. Many readers of this article will have worshipped at Kol Haneshama, and will (I hope) be moved as I was. These friends are acting out our shared values through Tag Meir. In preparing this brief article, I asked one friend, an Oleh (immigrant to Israel) from Canada and former president of Kol Haneshama who is now spending more and more time on leadership in Tag Meir, for information to share. He provided me with this story from Tag Meir:
“…Tag Meir organized a solidarity event bringing Jewish and Arab teens to board the light rail trams in Jerusalem and engage travellers in Arabic. Over a hundred students participated and spoke Arabic and handed out Arabic phrasebooks and sheets with a code leading to a website with different greetings in Arabic. We are happy to report that we received a warm reception all along the way!
The event was a response to the many incidents of Arabs being attacked on the light rail and the streets of Jerusalem, just for speaking Arabic.”
Tag Meir is a wonderful example of the refusal of good people to accept bad behavior. I am proud that the New Israel Fund has played a key role in supporting its work. And I ask myself: if I were there, and not here on a beautiful spring day, would I join its work?
New Israel Fund of Canada
Long-time NIFC contributors like Sharon Weintraub are at the forefront of supporting leadership in shared society in Israel.
Weintraub has lent her financial backing for NIFC’s partnership with flagship partner Shatil, for its Leadership for a Shared Society initiative. Shatil will create a cadre of skilled leaders from a wide range of spheres who are able to advance a shared society for Israel.
The tragic and ongoing violence, incitement and growing polarization between Jews and Arabs in Israel in recent months have brought a new sense of urgency to this work.
“[I]t is important to say that the vision of living together, so needed in Israeli society, is one that deals with the shaping of a civil language, with the building of a joint economy, and with the forging of a shared Israeli identity,” he said. “This is a vision, and an Israeli hope, of which we are in need.”
These remarks were shared by Israeli President Reuven Rivlin at a recent event with International Friends of Givat Haviva (The Center for a Shared Society).
The 20% of Israel’s population that is Arab-Palestinian suffers from discrimination in employment, education, and housing. Individually and collectively, these citizens experience racism, alienation, and a denial of their identity. Unfortunately, the extremely heated and tense atmosphere in Israel over the past year has created a significant deterioration in the discourse, leading to calls for greater exclusion and separation rather than tolerance and inclusion.
In an effort to counter these trends, Shatil is working toward the cultivation of a shared society, in which Israel’s Arab citizens enjoy equal rights and feel a sense of belonging equal to that of Jewish citizens. This should be manifest in equal representation, access to services and institutions for Palestinians and inclusive processes that enable all Israelis to take part in making decisions that affect their lives. It should also be visible in a more tolerant discourse and accepting atmosphere among the Jewish population and in the wider Israeli society.
Shatil uses the strategy of leadership development to address this burning issue. Their experience has demonstrated the importance of training community leaders who can work effectively towards sustainable cross-sector partnerships. These leaders have the capacity to realize both Rivlin and Weintraub’s dream of shared, equal society in Israel.
Reform, Conservative and Orthodox rabbis gathered at the Holot detention facility in the Negev for a pre-Shavuot ceremony raising awareness about the unjust treatment of asylum seekers and calling on the Israeli government to align Jewish teachings with their actions. This trip was organized by the rabbis with funding and support from the New Israel Fund.
The event took place prior to the first night of Shavuot, a holiday which reflects upon the gift of the Torah with a focus on embracing the stranger, “love the stranger for you were also strangers in the land of Egypt.”
The Rabbis came to Holot by bus from Jerusalem, Tel Aviv, Eilat, Be’er Sheva, and elsewhere in Israel. Instead of the traditional Shavuot ceremony, a special ceremony was held by Rabbis and asylum seekers together, in both English and Hebrew. A succession of speakers was followed by a joint prayer.
“In Holot, there are human beings, created in the image of God, who are suffering,” said Rabbi Susan Silverman, co-organizer (and member of the NIF International Council), with Rabbi Nava Hefetz of Rabbis for Human Rights. “Any rabbi arguing over kashrut certification or a Ktuba from 1840 while ignoring the real suffering in our midst is forsaking a sacred duty.”
Rabbi Hefetz added that, “We must remember the divine commandment from Leviticus 19:33-34 ‘When a foreigner resides among you in your land, do not mistreat them. The foreigner residing among you must be treated as if they are your native-born. Love them as yourself, for you were strangers in Egypt. I am the Lord your God’.”
In recent years, Jerusalem Day has included a “Flag Parade,” in which extremists march through Palestinian neighborhoods in and around the Old City. Spitting, shoving, vandalism, and racist chants — including “death to Arabs” and “the mosque will burn” — have become part and parcel of the event.
Dovetailing with the parade this year, local Jerusalem residents, with help from NIF and Tag Meir, organized a “Flower parade,” handing out flowers in the Old City as a gesture of peace and solidarity with its Muslim residents.
“We’re Jerusalem residents and we were very worried about the parade,” said Tzurit Yair, one of the organizers of the event. “We knew that it was bad last year and we were afraid it would be even worse this year. We said we have to do something, to show that there are people who think differently. We wanted them to see Jerusalem Day in another way – an opportunity to celebrate all city residents. And we thought what could cheer people up? We bought, with help from the NIF, about 1,500 flowers. Around 400 people participated in the event.”
“There were beautiful and very emotional moments. People were really moved. And there were moments that were much harder. In some places they were too upset and wouldn’t take our flowers. But I think that even those who wouldn’t take a flower were probably happy that someone wanted to give them one. I hope that in the coming years, the March of Flowers will continue to grow.”
The route of the Jerusalem Day “March of Flags” was contested days before by NIF partners Ir Amim and Tag Meir, but the Supreme Court decided in favor of the nationalist marchers, allowing the parade to go through the Muslim Quarter of the Old City. Nonetheless, the court ordered the police to arrest anyone calling for violence or vandalism immediately. There is “zero room for tolerance for those provoking violence, verbally or physically,” the court said.
In the end, despite the thousands of “March of Flags” participants going through the Muslim Quarter and the worries of the police, the parade proceeded in relative calm, although there were a few isolated incidents of anti-Arab behavior. This calm is, in large part, thanks to efforts by Ir Amim and Tag Meir before the march on social networks, in the Israeli media, and in the court as well as the local Jerusalemites involved in the Flower Parade.
Recently, Defense Minister Moshe Ya’alon attempted to begin a three-month trial to segregate Jewish settlers from Palestinians on public buses going between Israel and the West Bank. During this trial period, Jews in the West Bank would ride one set of buses and Palestinians another, and all Palestinians, including those vetted for work permits, would be forced to re-enter the territories through four checkpoints.
The backlash was both harsh and immediate.
Pressure came from all over Israel, from members of Knesset, from the public, from international figures, and of course, from NIF partner. Yesh Din, one of the leading human rights groups in the territories, wrote, “We will continue to stand guard and will not rest until this subject falls completely from the agenda.”
As public pressure mounted throughout the day, including harsh criticism from President Rivlin and opposition leader Isaac Herzog, it became too much for the new government to bear. Prime Minister Netanyahu quickly shut the trial down. “The proposal is unacceptable to the prime minister,” an official said. “He spoke with the defense minister this morning and it was decided that the proposal will be frozen.” In a matter of hours, Israeli public opinion and civil society succeeded in reversing the government’s injustice.
Photo Credit: Flickr user Ze’ev Barkan
In 2015, New Israel Fund of Canada celebrates 30 years of activism in Israel. In the same period that we look ahead to the next 30 years, I’ve been engaged in describing what sets NIFC apart.
This year is our opportunity to share with you the story of New Israel Fund of Canada and, more broadly, the story of activism. What does it take to improve lives? To transform society?
New Israel Fund of Canada asks that question every day and has done so on behalf of all Israeli citizens for the past 30 years. NIFC, along with its partner New Israel Fund, has partnered with over 850 grassroots organizations and contributed over $250 million towards transforming Israeli society since 1985.
And if you look across all 850 organizations, all 30 years, you find one unifying message that describes NIFC very clearly: NIFC works for the equality of every citizen in Israel. Equal access to health care, equal access to higher education, an equal shot at achieving their own potentials.
But equality takes on different forms for different communities, especially in Israel.
**Today in Israel, if you want to get married, you must get married under the laws of Orthodox Judaism – you have to prove that your parents are Jewish, you have to agree to the terms of a divorce which can only take place if the husband approves of it. For secular Jews, equality means the right to marry anyone they choose, in any way they choose to do it. What has NIFC done to address this? NIFC has built leaders in the Orthodox community that call for women’s equality in the public and legislative sphere.
**Despite universal health care in Israel, an Arab-Israeli child has access to significantly less medical attention than a Jewish-Israeli child the same age. For Israel’s poorest, equality means equal access to emergency rooms and infant care and life-saving prescriptions. NIFC has provided emergency healthcare to Israelis on the periphery. We also help NGOs organize and strengthen themselves to better serve the people that they represent in the public arena.
**In Israel, a woman riding a public bus is pressured to sit at the back of that bus so as not to offend ultra-Orthodox men who may feel embarrassed at the sight of a woman sitting alongside them. For women, equality means sitting anywhere on the bus, not just in the back. NIFC has pioneered funding and support for the women who now lead Israel’s greatest women’s organizations. They have blazed the trail for the next generation of women who challenge the Ultra-Orthodox claim on their lives and bodies.
New Israel Fund Canada approaches equality the way that grassroots activists do. Block by block and village by village, we partner with organizations – often quite small ones – that have first-hand understanding of barriers to equality and the tools to address them. NIFC works at a very human scale. And because we have been around for so long, our projects have touched nearly every community across Israel – Haredi families, Bedouin tribes, working families in Tel Aviv, and farmers in the Galilee.
We are singularly effective in these two ways: the sheer extent of our reach AND the human scale approach to equality.
This is activism that works. It is activism grounded in Israeli experience rather than coming from the outside. Only a fierce belief in Israel’s future can fuel 30 years of NIFC’s work. Only the continued support of our donors makes that possible. Thank you!
Over the past year, hate crimes – including acts of violence – and intimidation have been on the rise. In this increasingly tense atmosphere, many Arabic speakers, afraid of being harassed, think twice before speaking Arabic in public.
But on Monday, a group of Jewish high schoolers worked to change that. As part of an effort to reinforce the city’s multi-cultural reality, the Jewish teens boarded Jerusalem’s light rail proudly – and loudly – speaking Arabic. The effort was spearheaded by the NIF-convened Tag Meir coalition together with Matach – the Center for Educational Technology (CET).
Around 150 students, teachers, and supporters boarded the light rail at 11 AM at the Jerusalem Municipality station, and rode it to the Mount Herzl station. During the journey they spoke only Arabic to one another and to the other passengers. The students also handed out Arabic phrasebooks and links to a website with different greetings in Arabic.
Among the participants was Druze college student and IDF veteran Tommy Hasson, who, earlier this year, was attacked by a gang of ten Jews in Jerusalem in January for speaking Arabic.
At the Mount Herzl station the group alighted and held a ceremony that included the singing of the Israeli national anthem, Hatikvah.
Myriam Darmoni, Director of Civics and Shared Life Education at the CET, said, “Education is the answer to the worrying and growing phenomenon of hate crimes. Ahead of Lag B’Omer, we decided to light the fire of hope on the Jerusalem light rail. Together with teachers and students, we’ll help bring hearts together.”
Merav Livneh-Dill, NIFC-funded Shatil’s Pluralism coordinator and member of the Tag Meir steering committee, stated that the event was designed to show that “We dare not leave Jerusalem’s public space in the hands of extremists. It was time for us to make our voices heard and to reclaim this space.”
Moving forward, Tag Meir is working to ensure that the annual Jerusalem Day Flag March avoids the Muslim Quarter in the Old City, so as to prevent the recurring spectacle of young men chanting anti-Muslim slogans in the wee hours of the morning in an Arab neighborhood.
Enough of Racism
A uniformed Ethiopian Israeli soldier walked alone in Tel Aviv. Without apparent cause, a police officer approached him – soon joined by another – and began to beat the soldier. The brutal attack was captured on video and soon released on social media. Demonstrations in Jerusalem and Tel Aviv, with violence instigated by a few protesters, erupted not just due to this single incident of police brutality, but as a reaction to decades of institutionalized racism and discrimination.
An appalling 65% of Ethiopian Israeli children live in poverty and 56% of the community receives help from the Ministry of Social Services. Ethiopian representation in higher learning is abysmally low. And unemployment in the Ethiopian sector is more than double the national average.
Despite much higher rates of military enlistment than the national average, Ethiopian Israelis are often held back by socioeconomic factors and racism. Ethiopian-Israeli soldiers make up 3% of the IDF but 13% of the IDF prison population. Their rates of dishonorable discharge are higher too – 22.8% for men and 10.6% for women, compared to the national averages of 16.5% and 7.5%. The prison sentences and discharges are generally related to charges of desertion, which has more to do with poverty than their willingness to fight (the army’s meager $100 a month isn’t enough to support their families so many Ethiopian-Israeli soldiers try to work on the side during their service and can’t make it back to the base on time).
Tebeka, the first Ethiopian legal advocacy group, and a partner of NIFC, was seed-funded by the New Israel Fund many years ago. The organization, whose name means “advocate for justice” in Amharic, has been involved in these issues for years. During the recent protests, Tebeka opened a hotline for Ethiopian Israelis to report incidents of police violence and to help jailed protesters secure legal representation.
Representatives of Tebeka said, “We are witnesses to another case of police violence against Ethiopian Israelis and this time we are talking about a soldier. Until the Israeli police deal harshly with the guilty policemen and send a clear message that the task of the police is to protect citizens and not to attack them for no fault of their own, no branding campaign will succeed in removing the stains of injustice from their uniforms.”
“Thirty Years of Pain” Interview with Gidon Ambaya: A Community Organizer’s Response to the Protests
Name: Gidon Ambaya
Title: Shatil Community Organizer for the Ethiopian Community
What does Shatil do to support Ethiopian-Israelis?
We work with local communities around the country. In Ashkelon, Yavne, Ramle, Kiryat Malachi, Hadera, we work to improve the local schools, employment opportunities, health care. We hold conferences and we work with disconnected youth. That’s the first part.
There’s also politicians in the local areas we work with as well. These are volunteers, they’re not paid by the municipality, and they work to advance the community. We do projects with them, advise and consult with them. We try to figure out how they can do what they do better and more effectively.
Were you surprised by the protests that erupted recently?
The problems didn’t surprise me but the protests did. The protests were very difficult for me to watch. It’s the youngest generation. It’s not my generation, it’s not my parents’ generation. These kids were born here, they were raised here, they served in Operation Protective Edge. It was hard for me to see it. The sheer numbers of people who went to the protests, the anger, the pain surprised me. Thirty years of pain.
Do you think there will be positive outcomes to the protests?
It’s hard for me to believe, but I’m hopeful. The government needs to take responsibility for these problems and to turn a new page, to change things. The two sides – the community and the government – need to work together. Otherwise in two years there will be a much, much worse protest and it will be hard to stop it.
My generation and my parents’ generation said thanks for everything. They used to call us very nice and today they are saying we are violent.
It at least encourages those who knew [about these problems] to do something about it and those who didn’t know to learn. I pray that the government and the country will take responsibility for these 130,000 souls.
I’m not saying the government doesn’t invest in the problem either. The government invests too much money, but in the wrong way. If you invest in education you have to start from zero, from the pre-schools. That’s not what they’ve been doing and the results they’ve received … well there aren’t any.
I hope there will be meaningful change but we forget so easily about things here in the Middle East. It’s not simple.
It’s important to point out that the protests were not about housing, employment, education – they were protests against racism. That’s what the people were protesting.
Progress For Public Housing
Over the course of the year, the Shatil-coordinated Forum for Public Housing has been intensively lobbying politicians from across the political spectrum in an effort to ensure that public housing is a central component of the incoming government’s agenda.
This week those efforts started to pay off. The recently signed coalition agreements with the Mizrachi Shas and centrist Kulanu parties contained a clear commitment to build 700 public housing units, or designate a minimum of 5% of units to be built for public housing (whichever amount is greater).
Activists of the Public Housing Forum, trained by NIFC-funded Shatil, were in constant touch with key members of the Shas and Kulanu parties, and held several public events prior to the elections in order to highlight the need for any party claiming to represent social-welfare values to advance the issue of public housing.
“We welcome this development that finally there is an initiative to rehabilitate public housing” said Shatil policy expert Danny Gigi. “The coalition agreements providing for public housing are a direct result of our connection and advocacy work. It is clear that there is much work left to do, to make sure that these provisions are indeed implemented, and to add new measures, but this surely represents a big leap forward.”
In about a week amidst troubling developments in Israel, groups of young Canadians all across the country will be sitting down for Shabbat dinner to discuss issues of social change in Israel. NIFC is producing a program that injects text study on social issues into an intimate gathering inside young people’s homes.
The response to the program has been tremendous; nearly every seat at every table is accounted for. And – here’s the kicker – the underlying reason why these people are coming together now comes down to a resolute belief in Israel’s potential.
Why is this noteworthy? Following current events is vital to understanding Israeli society more fully. Yet, a singular focus on individual events can overshadow the recognition of incremental progress in the realm of civil society.
Take the following events in the past month:
- *The Immigration Authority has ordered the deportation of African asylum seekers to an unknown country against their will.
- *The High Court has granted the Rabbinate permission to continue to blacklist “adulterers”, primarily women.
- *Five babies have died in recent weeks at makeshift daycares for asylum seekers.
In the worst cases, current events like these can lead supporters of Israel to despair and apathy.
If those sentiments prevailed in Canada, then we should be staring at uneaten challahs and empty wine glasses instead of a program at full capacity. On the contrary, our participants have expressed a confidence – if a complicated and sobering one – in Israel’s progress: Israel can absolutely address its issues. In fact, it’s doing so bit by bit. But, progress takes a great deal of understanding, effort, and empathy. It starts with getting to the root of Israel’s problems and then working very hard to address them.
One participant told me, “I know what the issues in Israel are. Things aren’t perfect. Are Jews and Arabs about to live in harmony on the streets of Tel Aviv? Is racism about to evaporate? It’s about the long game and understanding what’s really behind the problems affecting Israelis.”
This is the focus of our program, “Food for Thought”. Adapted from a similar series in the United States, “Food for Thought” will be delving into the roots of religious pluralism in Israel, both historically and into the present. Participants will read from the Talmud on excommunication. They’ll then apply early beliefs to the present day, examining issues such as interpretations of modesty, women’s rights and religious freedom.
Why is NIFC sponsoring this event? If participants are supporters who are committed to a strong and equal Israel, NIFC has the responsibility to bring them face-to-face with social and civil issues, their nuances, and their origins. Because of our work on the ground in Israel for the past thirty years, NIFC has first-hand experience with both the struggles and the landmark successes in the progress of Israel’s civil society. Finally, if NIFC is committed to seeing the progress we have made continue into the next thirty years, it’s this generation who will be leading it. They are tomorrow’s activists, thinkers, philanthropists, and leaders. It is our responsibility to sustain the commitment of this cohort, to support their lasting hope for – and to grow their understanding of – Israel.
On March 19th, the Hapoel Katamon team, the Football Academy of East Jerusalem, and NIF’s Kick It Out initiative jointly launched a new soccer academy for Jewish and Arab boys in Jerusalem. The academy launched on Thursday as part of a celebration for the International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination.
About 100 kids from soccer teams in West and East Jerusalem crowded together on the field. Although it was only their third time meeting, genuine connections were already forming. In a city like Jerusalem that is so divided, it was heartwarming.
The “Team of Equals” is bringing together boys – aged 10-12 – from neighborhoods across the city. The goal of the initiative is to introduce Jewish children from West Jerusalem to Arab children from East Jerusalem in order to combat the division and hostility between them and to advance a shared life in the city.
Four players from the professional soccer team Hapoel Katamon, including star player Aviram Baruchyan, the professional manager of the club, and trainers from the Football Academy in East Jerusalem, came to greet the young players and assist with their training.
The response so far has been incredible. NIF has been inundated with requests from parents in neighborhoods around the city who want their children to participate, and the social media response has been uplifting as well.
At the end of the first day, the organizers gave each child a “Respect” football donated by the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA). At first they didn’t understand, then got very excited as they realized they were being given balls to keep. “Is it really mine?” one of the children asked.
The Israeli government has allocated $4.25 million for new daycare facilities in South Tel Aviv following the tragic deaths of two babies in a single week in overcrowded nurseries designated for the children of Eritrean and Sudanese refugees. Both dead children, one boy and one girl, were four months old. Three other refugee children died in similar conditions last month and there have been 14 additional child deaths in the past few years.
NIF partner organizations, including Hotline for Refugees and Migrant Workers and the Association for Civil Rights in Israel (ACRI), have been warning for years that the situation in these “baby warehouses” is inhumane and unacceptable, and that it is a stain on Israeli society that children must suffer such neglect and dangerous conditions.
ACRI’s Rotem Ilan said, “Israel has signed the International Covenant on the Rights of Children and has a legal and moral duty to take care of children living in Israel regardless of the identity of their parents. The situation is getting worse and how many more babies must die before the government acts to end this lack of supervision and enforcement of standards in daycare centers.”
There are roughly 3,000 young children of asylum seekers and economic immigrants in Tel Aviv spending most of their days in nursery care.
All the noise made by the Public Housing Forum in the weeks leading up to the election is paying off: Just five days after the election, the Bank of Israel called on the new government to decrease the country’s growing poverty rate by increasing the number of public housing units — especially in the country’s center where it’s easier to find employment — as well as increasing rental assistance for people who qualify. In a special chapter on public housing in its annual report, the Bank noted that despite growing poverty rates, government housing assistance has eroded in recent years and is now at half the average of other Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries.
“The Public Housing Forum welcomes the intervention of the Bank of Israel in the public housing crisis,” said Shatil policy change expert Danny Gigi. Shatil is a partner organization of New Israel Fund of Canada’s. “The Bank of Israel understands what we have been saying for years: that public housing is the key to solving multi-generational poverty in Israel. The Bank also adopted the two central recommendations of our struggle: to increase the number of public housing units available and to make the criteria for eligibility more flexible.”
The Shatil-coordinated Public Housing Forum includes 10 organizations and grassroots groups.
In its report, the Bank stated that 37% of families that rent apartments spend more than 40% of their income on rent and “suffer from the excessive burden of the cost of housing.” Only in Spain and Greece – two countries experiencing severe financial crises – is the rental burden higher. The report was critical of government officials who for years ignored people’s need for public housing, cancelled apartment purchase grants (except to Ethiopian immigrants), and cut mortgage and rent subsidies in spite of the increasing cost of home purchases. The government’s housing aid was cut from more than four billion NIS in 2000 to less than half that much in 2014.
“The Bank of Israel’s statement is the result of heavy pressure exerted by the Forum and its member organizations during the election period,” said Gigi. “We are confident that the Bank’s position will help us to pressure the government to make the necessary changes in order to save public housing in Israel.”
Health care gaps in Israel have grown to alarming levels. Particularly concerning are the gaps in care and status between the north and center of the country. The first annual Galilee Conference on Health Equality, organized by NIFC- funded Shatil’s Citizens Forum for Health Equality in the Galilee, worked to address these gaps.
Some 160 Jewish and Arab mayors, doctors, medical school professors, and other health workers and activists attended, giving a push to Shatil’s efforts on this front. The conference was hosted by Ma’alot-Tarshiha Mayor Shlomo Bohbot.
Or Ilan, director of the Interior Ministry’s northern branch, set the tone for the conference when he said, “Here in the north we have nice views and clean air, but we pay for it with six years less life expectancy.”
He promised his office would make health matters a high priority.
Prof. Itamar Grotto, head of a government committee tasked with expanding services to the north, told participants, “The question isn’t whether to expand health services in the north but how.”
The Citizens Forum for Health Equality in the Galilee, comprised of graduates of Shatil’s health equality trainings, continues to advocate for equal services to residents of the north, half of whom are Arab and many of whom are poor.
Photo credit: Morgan / meddygarnet – profile; photo
In honor of International Woman’s Day, NIF’s Kick it Out initiative – which works to combat racism on and off the field – held a special event called “Equal on the Pitch.” The event, designed to emphasize gender equality and promote female athletes, was a great success.
To kick off the day, there were a series of games between players from the national women’s under-19 team, who will be representing Israel in the European Championship this summer, and 40 young players from high schools in the Netanya region.
After the games had finished, journalist Dana Spector hosted a panel discussing the issues Israeli women face in sports alongside a prominent group of female athletes, broadcasters, and coaches from around the country. Broadcaster and commentator Sharon Peri said, “In my career I needed to take a lot of insults from men in order to arrive at the position where I am today. There are very few women in this field and every one of them must hold fiercely onto her spot so no one will take it from her.”
This was the opening shot in a series of major events NIF is holding in the lead-up to the Under-19 Women’s European Championship that will be held in Israel this summer.
Equal on the Pitch was organized by Kick it Out in coordination with the Israeli Football Association (IFA), and Athena, the Israeli Council for Women’s Sport.
When Shared Society is more than just a lofty goal
Nearly since our inception, New Israel Fund of Canada has worked intensively with Shatil, its partner in Israel committed to helping emerging charities not only take shape but succeed in transforming society. Shatil is extraordinary as a pivotal catalyst in Israeli civil society. Shatil’s work is diverse, but can be generally summarized as providing training, mobilization, networks, and funding tools to Israeli NGOs.
Oftentimes, these NGOs are created by ordinary citizens who, despite having little formal knowledge of how to run a not-for-profit, are nevertheless compelled to do so in response to a local need. This is where Shatil comes in. Across a wide spectrum of charities, geographies, and cultures, Shatil strengthens the operations of fledgling organizations and increases their abilities to impact Israelis’ lives. Shatil will train administrators in basic bookkeeping, marketing, and human resource management. Because of its reach across civil society in Israeli, Shatil is capable of locating space for meetings, finding partners, and getting the word out about conferences and public campaigns. Where there is a good idea to address social ills, Shatil is there to convert it fully into action.
One such idea is Leadership for a Shared Society, a project in which New Israel Fund of Canada is a proud partner. This program brings together Jewish and Arab leaders in focused discussion, coursework, and joint projects and requires a multi-year commitment from each participant. This program was launched in response to a dearth of citizens skilled in creating joint Jewish-Arab initiatives, such as shared schools, community centers, and joint municipal planning. The result of such intensive engagement is a long-term trust that these local leaders – teachers, council members, social workers among them – then translate into new initiatives for their neighbourhoods.
Let me tell you about two such leaders. A local council member, Alla Barhoum, and a Bible teacher, Hamutal Elbaz, met in a Leadership for Shared Society course. In thinking back on her experience, Elbaz recounts her initial enthusiasm to “meet Palestinian Israelis as equals.” Not long after beginning the course, however, Elbaz reflected that her interactions “challenged me to the core.” She says, ”Suddenly, I [saw] I’m not as open as I thought. The dialogue made me realize what an important place my identity plays in my life. And that led me to understand the same thing about [Arab-Israelis].”
About their fellow participants in this course, Barhoum remarked, “They are special, thoughtful, active people – Christians, Jews and Muslims with very different world views. I constantly learn from them.” Says Barhoum, “The course is an incubator in which we increase our…skills so we can advance our own initiatives. The discussions about shared public space inspired me.”
This shared understanding is meaningful in itself. But there is a post-script. In speaking with my colleagues at Shatil, I have discovered that Barhoum and Elbaz are currently developing a project to promote tourism to little-known Arab and Jewish communities. Both leaders credit the course for the project’s inception.
Activists from NIF partner Tag Meir visited the home of hate-crime victim Tommy Hasson, a Druze student and IDF veteran, last week. A group of Jewish youth brutally attacked Tommy last week at the Jerusalem Central Bus Station in front of dozens of passersby and security. His assailants taunted him for speaking Arabic, spat in his face, and then brutally beat him with broken glass bottles and other sharp objects. Hasson, who is twenty-one years old and studies at the Jerusalem Academy of Music, was recently discharged from the army after serving in the Druze Herev Battalion, and then as military secretary to the president.
Tag Meir activists visited the Hasson family to support Tommy and to condemn all violence and racism in the name of Judaism. During the visit, Rabbi Gilad Kariv spoke about the story of Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law, who, according to tradition, is a prophet in the Druze religion. Tommy’s father praised the deep connection between the Druze and the Jews. At the end of the evening, Tommy played piano for the crowd.
In the days following the incident, six of the teens responsible for the attack were arrested. President Rivlin expressed support for Tommy as well, writing in a Facebook post: “Tommy, a Druze who was recently released from army service as the military secretary to the president, is hospitalized at Hadassah Hospital after being severely beaten last night. I talked to his father this morning and could not believe my ears. A man who is integrally linked to this country, attacked with such terrible violence. We are brothers, and all of us must condemn terrible behavior like that.”
Tag Meir is the largest grassroots organization working against hate crimes and racism in Israel.
“The story of women’s struggle for equality belongs to no single feminist nor to any one organization but to the collective efforts of all who care about human rights.” – Gloria Steinem
As a prelude to International Women’s Day, senior human resources officials attended a seminar on wage equality sponsored by the Equal Pay Project and hosted by the Manufacturers Association of Israel on March 1st.
Women in Israel earn an average of 31.9% less than their male counterparts in similar positions. The Equal Pay Project, run by Shatil, the Israel Women’s Network, the Adva Center and Israel’s Equal Opportunities Employment Commission, is working on a number of initiatives to level the playing field.
Knowing that collaborating with employers is key to bridging the gender wage gap, the seminar organizers recruited the Manufacturers Association of Israel — representing 2,000 industrial organizations, which in turn are responsible for more than 95% of the country’s industrial production – to attend and discuss key issues pertaining to wage parity.
Speakers at the seminar included representatives of the Project as well as the head of the Manufacturers Association. Attendees also learned about the Project’s innovative new online equal pay tool, which helps companies assess wage gaps in their organizations. And Association President Shraga Brosh called for a round table composed of representatives of the Project and of industry in order to promote wage equality.
The event was an important step in engaging employers to assume increased responsibility for proactively working toward equal wages. The project will soon publish a guide for employers on implementing organizational processes to equalize wages.
The Public Knowledge Workshop is trying to put government data in the hands of the people. One way they are doing this is with their “Open Laws Book” on Wikimedia – an online database of Israeli laws open to everyone.
But when Tsvi Davir, a volunteer at the Public Knowledge Workshop, uploaded the current Israeli Tax Ordinance (the law according to which all income tax in Israel is collected), the last thing he expected was to be sued, much less by the Tax Authority itself. But unbelievably, that may happen. Soon after posting the information, he received a letter threatening a lawsuit for violating the Tax Authority’s copyright. The full ordinance is not available in any single collection or book published today.
“In my eyes it’s crazy that in a government of law, there is no official version of the Tax Ordinance and the Authority is not taking responsibility for it,” Davir said. “The establishment of the Open Laws Book project in 2015 is a response to the meager effort of the country to put out a single, official version of the laws. Friends of the Workshop are doing the job of the authorities completely for free, and at the end of the day we are sued for it by the authorities themselves.”
The Public Knowledge Workshop is a non-profit organization whose mission is to release public information and make it easy for the public to meaningfully engage with the data. Their goal is to transform government data into public knowledge and empower public participation. The New Israel Fund is a proud supporter of their efforts.
NIF Israel Director Rachel Liel made a powerful speech at the Haaretz Democracy Conference. Watch it here.
Progress in religious pluralism was brought forth in a major victory a few weeks ago in Beit Shemesh, a city about 30 kilometers west of Jerusalem. Four modern Orthodox women sued the municipality for not removing signs on buildings and billboards reading: “Dire Warning: It is forbidden to walk on our streets in immodest dress, including slutty clothing worn in a religious style.” Representing these women was NIF-funded Israel Religious Action Center (IRAC). (Read more in this month’s newsletter.)
The victory serves as an important precedent that protects women’s rights on the public streets of Israel. The Beit Shemesh municipality has called these signs a means to navigate between the accustomed norms within its society and the secular culture in and around it.
Here is more of what the decision had to say with regards to the case:
“The signs were designed to restrict women from using public spaces simply because they were women… and constitute a severe injury to the rights of women to equality and respect. The signs are humiliating.”
“The signs create the expectation that they should be adhered to. They are likely to create the expectation or understanding that the area where the sign is placed belongs, in effect, to one specific population group in which its norms are applicable.”
“This expectation is likely in certain circumstances to encourage and assist the creation of a social atmosphere in which one could interpret the signs as obligating a person to obey them and even to bring about enforcement activities, sometimes through violence.”
The signs “bear an injurious and discriminatory message,” and “discriminate against women because they are women,” as well as cause “a severe injury to human dignity, equality and free choice and independence.”
This case asked the question, At what point does one group’s cultural norms encroach on the overall protection of civil rights for all of Israel’s citizens?
In a society as complex as Israel’s, this question is faced daily, whether in the public or religious sphere.
In its work throughout Israeli society, New Israel Fund of Canada supports the continued examination of this question. Our past projects have broadened the spectrum of equality to include the rights of historically marginalized communities, including women, newcomers, Arab-Israelis, and the LGBTQ community.
Like the victory for these women, NIFC has injected fresh perspective to issues accepted for so long in Israeli society as to assume the status of law. In the realm of religious pluralism, NIFC has offered:
- *Training to restaurant owners, rabbinical students, and food specialists on, What is Kosher?
- *Public education and widespread outreach on the options for Bat Mitzvahs to Jewish girls, a ritual not as widely celebrated in Israel as it is in North America
- *Conferences with secular and religious leaders on pluralist interpretations of ritual burials
- *Aid and education to couples seeking civil marriages as an alternative to state-recognized religious marriages
The famous line by U.S. Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. quite fittingly encapsulates the balance sought by the women who challenged the signs on Jerusalem’s streets. Holmes said, “The right to swing my fist ends where the other man’s nose begins.”
New Israel Fund of Canada applauds these brave women and others like them for their work on behalf of equality and democracy in Israel.
In a victory for religious freedom and women’s rights, Israel Religious Action Center (IRAC) won a major victory last week against the Beit Shemesh municipality. Four Beit Shemesh modern Orthodox women – represented by IRAC – sued the municipality for not removing signs on buildings and billboards reading: “Dire Warning: It is forbidden to walk on our streets in immodest dress, including slutty clothing worn in a religious style.”
The court ruled that the municipal government was guilty of gross negligence in their failure to act against the illegal signs, awarded damages of NIS15,000 to each of the four women, and insisted that the city immediately remove the signs.
In his decision, Judge David Gidoni said: “These signs were intended to put constraints on women – and women alone – in the public sphere. They cause great harm to the basic right of women to equality and respect. Their presence is liable to create the impression that an area of the city belongs only to one specific population and that their social norms must be followed by everyone who lives there or passes through. That impression would be strengthened by signs that appear to be official.”
Ignoring the calls of the female plaintiffs “will imply that the sign represents the city’s opinion,” Gidoni said. “It will assist in the creation of a social atmosphere of obedience to the signs and encourage enforcement by the city’s residents, possibly even enforcement through violence.”
IRAC lawyer Orly Erez-Likhovski said the municipality declined to remove the signs of fear of violence and even riots. “Our argument in court on Sunday was that the signs contribute to the atmosphere of violence against women,” she said.
“We may have to go back to court to enforce their removal, but this is very important first step. It is the first legal case on modesty signs since the attorney general ruled they were illegal.”
A new training program for mikva (ritual bath) attendants in Israel is an important step forward for women’s rights. The new training program, which will be run by the Ministry of Religious Affairs, was agreed upon following a campaign by Advot (Ripples), a group of women’s rights activists.
Advot formed four years ago when NIFC-funded Shatil organized a group of women activists to discuss issues associated with Israel’s ritual baths, the female attendants who staff them, and the potential for change. The group is composed of religious women, the Jerusalem Rape Crisis Centre, and independent activists. Advot aims to increase women’s decision-making over mikva policies — which today are determined by the ultra-Orthodox rabbinate — and to expand the role and raise the status of the attendants.
Since monthly mikva attendance is a common practice among Orthodox women, the 800 mikva attendants across the country are well-positioned to assist women who come to the mikva by, for instance, directing them to social services if they see signs of domestic violence. Generally, mikva attendants are the only people who see the bodies of ultra-Orthodox women other than their husbands and doctors. Advot wants to transform the mikva into a space in which trained attendants facilitate discussions with women on issues such as domestic violence and women’s health.
After a year of roundtable discussions, Advot established itself as an advocacy group and held a conference in 2012 to raise issues regarding the mikva, including: the dilapidated conditions of many mikvas throughout Israel; the often humiliating treatment women receive from attendants at the mikva; and the work conditions for attendants.
Advot’s work has made the problems of the mikva an issue that the government and the rabbinate take seriously.
“Now it’s an issue that people talk about, it’s no longer under the radar,” said Anat Yona, who works in Shatil’s religious pluralism section and consults to Advot.
Signs that the government has taken notice were demonstrated at an Advot conference, which featured MKs, and received a congratulatory video message from Rabbi Eli Ben-Dahan, deputy Religious Services Minister in the last goverment. Along with Jewish Home, members of the Yesh Atid party have also taken an interest in the mikva issue.
Following a series of meetings with the Ministry of Religious Services, the Ministry agreed to initiate the pilot training course to teach the attendants to identify potential problems in women’s lives and to provide both first-aid assistance and longer term support. If the pilot is successful, it will become part of the required training for all attendants. The program has the potential to transform Israel’s mikvas into safe spaces for women to discuss and deal with issues that affect them.
Roni Hazon Weiss has had a fascinating journey to become one of Jerusalem’s leading religious feminist activists. Born and raised in a modern Orthodox family in Maaleh Adumim, and active in Bnei Akiva, her first turning point came when she studied at Midreshet Lindenbaum, one of the pioneers of Talmud study for women.
After her army service in the Education and Youth Corps, she studied Democratic Education at the Kibbutzim College of Education. Roni was one of three religious people out of a total of 70 in the course. “It wasn’t what I was used to, but I wanted to experience studying in a non-religious environment. I had spent all my life in Jerusalem and wanted to learn somewhere else. It was a good decision.” As part of her studies, she took courses on religious feminism with the pioneering Orthodox feminist thinker Dr. Hannah Kehat, the founder and director of NIFC-funded Kolech (Kehat will be speaking in Canada this month. Learn more). “She spoke my language,” Roni reflects.
She wrote her final thesis on religious feminism, including Women of the Wall and “kosher” gender-segregated bus lines in Jerusalem. At the same time, she began getting involved with NIFC partner NGO Ne’emanei Torah V’Avoda (NTV), which aims to strengthen tolerance and openness in the education system and to develop a community based model which is inclusive and halachically tolerant. “I wanted an organization that had a broader agenda than just women’s issues.” She also began teaching at the Givat Gonen high school in Jerusalem. “It was the first time anyone had taught democratic education in a public school,” she explains.
Roni wrote many weekly opinion pieces and Torah commentaries for NTV, which were distributed in hundreds of synagogues around the country, and gradually became more involved in politics. She became involved with the Yerushalmit movement, where she focused on improving conditions for teachers. Then, two years ago, she was one of the leading activists in the campaign to bring back images of women to Jerusalem’s billboards. “The campaign began by hanging huge posters [of women] from the balconies of private homes, coffee shops, and culture institutions…The second stage was to place posters on billboards throughout Jerusalem. The advertising company…told us that we were crazy, that all our signs would be destroyed, that it would be a wasted effort. To my delight, they were wrong. Some posters were vandalized, but most were not.”
Roni plans to remain active in the movement. She is married and lives in Jerusalem, where she is active in HaKehil, an egalitarian synagogue, and has two children. “Jerusalem influences the entire country. The struggles that take place here – for better education, employment, and equality – can change the entire country. That’s why it’s important for me to be an activist here.” She wants to become a school principal, but her ambitions don’t stop there. “My dream is to be an Education Minister.” Given the progress she’s made so far in her short career, one wouldn’t bet against her doing just that!
Over the course of 2014, the activists we work with in Israel have called for a push for Jewish-Arab dialogue – meaningful, lasting, impactful, real. More than just discussions, the push has been to reconstruct the way people live their lives – where they live, who they go to school with, who they work with – to create a fully integrated Israel. This is the only way, our activists tell us, that shared understanding can be achieved.
Considering the heightened tensions in Israel, such a goal is both necessary and daunting. With vocal critics of “shared society”, as some of these initiatives are called, activists invested in co-existence – and those of us who support them – must also be brave.
New Israel Fund of Canada is working with SHATIL (“seedling” in Hebrew), its long-time partner in Israel, towards sustainable shared societies. SHATIL is the leading capacity-building organization in Israel’s voluntary NGO sector, helping to build the foundations of 1,400 charities annually that then work with specific communities all across Israel.
Over the past two years, NIFC has funded training for Jewish and Arab community leaders to develop cross-cultural partnerships on the block-to-block level.
Here is an update on the progress of this initiative:
A group of leaders from both Arab- and Jewish-Israeli communities were successfully recruited and began to meet together in February, 2014. The group met five times before the summer and prepared to meet back up again in September. Over the course of their interaction, a number of shared initiatives were proposed, such as:
- * cooperation between a kibbutz and a neighbouring Arab community;
- * a guidebook and set of guided tours highlighting less-developed Arab and Jewish communities that are off the beaten track and will benefit from tourism revenue; and
- * formally acknowledging restaurants and other businesses that are welcoming to both Arabs and Jews.
During the summer break between the two semesters, a painful period of violence engulfed Israel that began with the kidnapping and murder of three Jewish teenagers, followed by the murder of a Muslim teenager, and continued into a bloody 50-day war in Gaza. Group members stayed in close touch by phone and e-mail, recruiting each other to participate in joint Jewish-Arab activities such as a communal meal to break the fast for the coinciding Muslim and Jewish holidays of Ramadan and the 17th of Tammuz.
Even relations between Jewish and Arab-Israelis already working together toward Shared Society have become fraught. This increasingly charged the differing opinions and opposing views of what is a Shared Society, of how to address imbalances of power, or of how to balance justice for the majority and minorities in Israel. Despite the tension, the participants recognize that especially under these circumstances, their joint dialogue and activities are of even greater value and preserving them is of the utmost importance.
This is what is most critical:
Meetings between the leaders from both groups create opportunities for dialogue that cannot take place among the general Israeli public, allowing them to share and clarify their challenges and feelings of distress. These meetings provide a unique space in which to identify shared values that transcend national identities.
While it is clear that this course has already made a mark on the individual participants, the full impact of the course will become evident in the long term as the participants implement their projects. Hamutal Elbaz, a Bible and history teacher from Jerusalem described what she learned:
“I always took the importance of my Jewish identity and the Jewish identity of the State for granted,” she says. “When I heard the legitimacy of these things questioned by other group members, I said, ‘This is not something I can compromise on.’ It strengthened my own sense of identity and simultaneously sharpened the self-definition of the Palestinians in my mind. I realized that if I didn’t want them to question my self-definition, who was I to question theirs? The questioning made me understand what an important place my identity and the Jewish identity of the State had in my life and that I wasn’t prepared to give up on them. And then I better understood the same thing about them.”
Last week, Israel was abuzz when Channel 2 News revealed that Housing Minister Uri Ariel sold state property designated for public housing to religious institutions affiliated with his Jewish Home political party at discount prices. Such a move, at a time when hundreds of underprivileged families are in desperate need of housing solutions, is another indication of the government’s lack of regard for Israel’s poorest citizens.
Following the exposé, the SHATIL coordinated Forum for Public Housing successfully petitioned the Attorney General to open a criminal investigation of these allegations. Yesterday, Israel’s Attorney General froze the deal.
Additionally, the Forum recently facilitated the first-reading adoption of two bills ensuring transparency of decisions on public housing and provision of funding for alternative housing solutions for public housing candidates. They will continue their work safeguarding the right to affordable housing in the future.
Thanks to a SHATIL-coordinated effort along with the Direct Employment Coalition, Knesset cafeteria workers no longer need to worry about layoffs during the recess and election.
SHATIL’s team helped persuade the Knesset to announce that it would enforce a clause providing additional compensation to the cafeteria operator for not laying off workers during Knesset recesses; and that consequently, there are no plans to terminate employment of any current cafeteria workers during the run up to the election. Additionally, the Coalition recently held a conference bringing together subcontracted workers unions to mutually promote their goals.
The violence and incitement of the summer spurred many individuals and organizations in Israel to intensify their work to combat racism and to promote a shared society. Two SHATIL-produced events this month showed the progress being made:
Shared and Safe Public Spaces: Activists gathered in Haifa in early December to discuss how political leaders, the media, and grassroots organizations can help create a public space in Israel that feels safe for Arabs and Jews alike even in times of conflict. Speakers included Talia Sasson, incoming president of the New Israel Fund; MK Afu Aghbaria (Hadash); and Eileen Lavery, head of strategic enforcement at the Equality Commission for Northern Ireland.
The atmosphere was charged as participants recounted the attacks on anti-war demonstrations last summer and the recent arson that occurred at Jerusalem’s Hand in Hand bilingual school. Aida Touma-Sliman, director Women against Violence, said it was essential for Jews and Arabs to condemn racists. “We do not hear the voice of civil society in real time,” she said.
Israel Radio correspondent Eran Zinger said the role of the media is to increase awareness about the complexity of the situation, which helps to break down stereotypes. Eitan Lederer, a representative for the Ministry of Justice, spoke about an initiative to lower the standard of evidence required to indict someone for incitement to racism.
The conference is a part of NIFC-funded SHATIL’s shared society program and was produced with the support of the Heinrich Boell Foundation, the Fohs Foundation and the New Israel Fund, and in partnership with many grantees, including Sikkuy, the Coalition against Racism, Itach/Ma’ki, and others.
A Discourse with the Other: On December 14th, SHATIL held the conference “A discourse with the other” focusing on intercultural education in Jerusalem.
The conference was held in partnership with the Jerusalem Education Authority and in cooperation with the Jerusalem Foundation, Teacher’s Union, Midreshet Adam, Center for Youth Activism, the Jerusalem Intercultural Center, and other organizations. More than 100 people attended the conference, many of them teachers, education officials and administrators, and local officials. Attendees came from both the Western and Eastern parts of Jerusalem.
The conference began with participants presenting their innovative work to conference attendees. SHATIL Executive Director Ronit Heyd, Jerusalem Deputy Mayor Rachel Azaria, and Udi Spiegel from the Jerusalem Foundation gave the opening addresses.
Participants divided into discussion groups relating to coping with issues of education, politics, and racism in the classroom. The conference concluded with an address by the co-directors of Jerusalem’s bilingual school.
The conference was the result of months of work with the Jerusalem Education Authority and other organizations; SHATIL intends to continue its work in Jerusalem, and will assess its significance in light of broader efforts focusing on racism and shared society in the education system on the national level.
More than a year of hard work came to fruition on the eve of the New Year when the Negev Council gathered for its inaugural meeting. The Council brings together the Negev’s diverse political, public, and business leadership in one official body. SHATIL’s Be’er Sheva staff was integral in launching this important initiative by facilitating cooperation between representatives of the region’s multicultural and often disparate populations. Participants in the meeting included prominent local officials such as Be’er Sheva Mayor Ruvik Danilovich and Bnei Shimon Regional Council Head Sigal Moran, both of whom addressed the session. All participants agreed that to guarantee a better future for the Negev they must begin working together to address mutual interests.
It’s been an eventful and difficult time in Israel. We’re all watching the news, reading analyses and trying our best to understand the current moment and how Israel will move forward.
Here, across the ocean, we can sometimes feel like our wishes for Israel go unheard. Some tell us that it isn’t our business- Israelis will make choices for themselves, whether we like those choices or not.
For Canadians, times likes these beg the question, “Can I even make a difference?”
The answer, in short, is yes. That’s what Israelis tell us.
2014 saw NIFC at its most responsive. We mobilized in Israel and we mobilized here in Canada. This year, over 2100 people attended our events across the country. With lectures, film screenings, gatherings and intimate meetings, we came together to hear first-hand from our passionate partners in Israel.
I’ve previously described our emergency funding during the Gaza War. In looking back over this entire year, I want to tell you about another initiative that is making a difference right now.
This year, we became partners with Ne’emanei Torah V’Avodah (NTV), an NGO made up of Orthodox leaders who understand that the Israeli religious community is sliding toward more fundamentalist ideals. NTV knows that these Israelis have been exposed exclusively to education in gender-segregated and insular schools. With environments like these that are shifting rightward, there’s a sharp rise in fundamentalist attitudes toward women and minorities.
NTV addresses this concern by educating the religious community in Israel about democracy, social involvement and tolerance. With activities on campuses, in high schools, and in training youth educators, nearly every day there is an NTV program dedicated to youth. Thousands of people benefit from their programs each year, which serve to strengthen the dual values of Torah and Avoda (work) and cultivate a National Religious society that is open, engaged, and educated.
NTV is meeting its challenges head-on: NTV is also part of the Tag Meir coalition, a group that demonstrates solidarity and equality after violent or destructive acts against minorities in Israel (see below).
This kind of work is successful because these solutions come from Israelis for Israelis. They are the ones who come to us, year after year, and tell us what they need to thrive.
Maybe you think you can’t make a difference in Israel. But you can. Israelis think so, and they’re asking for your partnership right now.
By supporting NIFC, you’re joining in the effort to make change happen. When you provide for those Israelis, you make this a reality.
As 2014 comes to a close, I want to thank you on behalf of our board, staff and colleagues in Israel for your support of New Israel Fund of Canada.
“There are eight rungs in charity. The highest is when you help a man to help himself.” Maimonides
The NIF-convened Tag Meir coalition responded quickly to last Saturday’s terrible arson attack on the Jewish-Arab Hand-in-Hand school in Jerusalem. In addition to the arson, the perpetrators daubed anti-Arab graffiti including “Death to Arabs”, “Kahane was right,” and “down with assimilation”. There were no injuries, but serious damage was caused to one of the classrooms.
The following morning, Tag Meir organized a solidarity visit attended by hundreds of people. Speakers included MKs Erel Margalit (Labor), Nachman Shai (Labor), Rabbi Benny Lau, Rachel Azaria from the Jerusalem Council, and members of the school’s parents’ committee.
The attack was widely condemned across the political spectrum, with Justice Minister Tzipi Livni visiting the site and Education Minister Shai Piron calling it a “violent, criminal and despicable act done to undermine the foundations of Israeli democracy.” NIF also supported a large solidarity event being organized by the school, which was attended by pupils from all five Hand-in-Hand schools around the country.
The day after the attack on the Jerusalem school, vandals left burnt books outside a Tel Aviv synagogue alongside graffiti reading: “In a place where the Jewish state bill will be legislated, books will be burned.” Tag Meir organized another solidarity vigil, which was also attended by local worshippers and schoolchildren. Rabbi David Stav, founder and chairman of Tzohar, with which the synagogue is affiliated, said: “We are all entitled to hold different opinions on the challenges facing our society, but anyone who resorts to violence of this nature, and in particular anyone who targets a holy sanctuary, deserves to be condemned in the harshest language.”
Finally, last week, Tag Meir organized a shiva call to the families who were left bereaved following the Har Nof terror attack. Members of the joint Jewish-Arab delegation included Sheikh Abdullah Badir from Kfar Qassem, Ibrahim Muasi, the Deputy Mayor of Baqa al-Gharbiyye, community rabbis from Jerusalem, and students from the Shalom Hartman Institute. “We are all children of Abraham,” said Sheikh Badir to the mourners. Another delegation of Tag Meir visited the family of the murdered Druze police officer Zidan Sayif.
More than 500 Israeli women, politicians, CEOs, media personalities, and others, gathered for a November 10th conference on gender wage gaps and career advancement.
The Conference was organized by the Equal Pay Project – an initiative of SHATIL, the Israel Women’s Network, the Adva Center, and the Equal Employment Opportunities Commission –which works to address the persisting wage gaps in Israeli society. Comparable to the US, Israeli women only earn 66% of their male counterparts’ wages for equal work. The Project leads advocacy efforts to promote and enforce legislation as well as actions to increase employers’ awareness and understanding of the problem, including practical steps they can take to reduce gaps in their organizations.
The conference, a first time partnership with business daily The Marker’s Online web portal, brought a new kind of audience to the Project’s work.
The day included both practical advice and guidance to individual working women — including when and how to request a salary increase, and how a manager can act to reduce wage gaps in an organization – as well as discussion on needed changes in legislation, social norms, and more.
During the day, SHATIL’s Yael Wolfenson presented the Equal Pay Calculator, an innovative tool to encourage and enable employers to identify and address gendered pay gaps.
“Equalizing wages for women is a strategic goal for Israel’s economy, as well as a first-class social value,” said Tamar Adelstein Zekbach, director of the Equal Pay project. “We appreciate the amazing response of leading women taking part in this important conference as speakers and participants, and are here to assist all those who have already internalized the need for change to do so”.
“Should I buy my daughter rain boots for the winter or pay my rent?”
This is the heart-rending question asked by 27-year-old Racheli, a single mother and supermarket teller Racheli earns NIS 4,000 (about $1000) a month but has basic expenses of NIS 6,000.
Her article, part of a series published by YNet for the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty, has garnered hundreds of comments. Both the series of articles and the annual Knesset day, marked on November 19th, were the initiatives of NIFC-funded SHATIL and the Rabbis for Human Rights-led Forum against Poverty, a group of 15 civil society organizations.
“The government’s current policy makes it hard for even working people to support ourselves and our families,” Racheli writes. “Government policy that will allow me and many others to escape the cycle of poverty includes raising the minimum wage and the amount of money that can be earned without harming government benefits needed for the basics, lowering the value added tax, and childcare for children during holidays so parents can go to their jobs.”
While all eyes are turned to the violence on the streets of Jerusalem and elsewhere in the country, the 1,755,000 (20% of the population) Israelis who live below the poverty line are, like Racheli, still having trouble filling their shopping carts. The Forum Against Poverty is working on a number of fronts to persuade the government to implement the recommendations of its own Alaluf Committee to Fight Poverty in Israel. The Forum’s multi-year efforts were instrumental in the formation of the Committee.
Two weeks ago, a standing-room-only crowd, including many MKs and people living in poverty, demanded concrete government action to reduce poverty at the Knesset Conference on Poverty Wednesday.
Tzafra Dweck, chair of the Israeli Association of Social Workers and a member of the government-appointed Alalouf Committee to Fight Poverty in Israel, warned that Committee members were prepared to take to the streets if the government did not budget for the Committee’s recommendations, which were the minimum needed to combat poverty. And Shas leader Aryeh Deri said that his party was already introducing the Alalouf Committee recommendations as Knesset bills so they would have the power of law
“Israel has no serious, comprehensive anti-poverty policy,” said SHATIL policy change expert Giyora Wahle. “It’s time to act seriously to eradicate this scourge. The government has the means to do so. It just needs the will.”
Forum members have worked tirelessly in the past months, meeting with Knesset members and other government officials, analyzing the state budget, creating email and social media campaigns, organizing demonstrations to press for government action, and planning for the day in the Knesset.
The Knesset day included substantive committee meetings and was led by MKs Haim Katz (Likud), Ilan Gilon (Meretz) and Orly Levi-Abekasis (Likud-Yisrael Beiteinu).
In September, Israel’s Supreme Court invalidated the arbitrary imprisonment of African asylum seekers, a major victory for human rights. Unfortunately, politicians continue to evade Israel’s responsibility to refugees, having devised additional legislation to detain and incarcerate them. The latest version of the anti-infiltration law, passed on Monday as a last action before the Knesset dissolved, allows new asylum seekers to be incarcerated at Saharonim Prison for three months immediately after they enter the country, down from one year in the previous version. Thereafter, they can be sent to Holot for a maximum of 20 months, as can asylum seekers who were already in Israel prior to the law’s passage. The previous law allowed asylum seekers to be held at Holot indefinitely.
Elizbaeth Tsurkov, Projects’ Director at Hotline for Refugees and Migrants, said: “The High Court of Justice and the State Comptroller have made it clear again and again that detention is not a solution for those who cannot safely return to their homeland. Despite this, the government insists on repeating past mistakes, and presented legislation already ruled illegal by the High Court, the stated goal of which is to pressure asylum-seekers into returning to places where their lives and liberty will be in danger. It is a shame that the new Minister of Interior is maintaining the failed policies of past ministers and did not use the opportunity to examine a real solution: investing the money allocated for detention of refugees in improving the infrastructure and services in southern Tel Aviv, naturally decreasing the concentration of asylum-seekers in the area by granting them work visas and incentivizing employers across Israel to hire asylum-seekers.”
It’s been a hard month for Israelis and for those who support Israel. Tensions have risen since this summer’s conflict and continue to impact Israelis in their daily lives, allowing for feelings like despair and fear to creep in.
Inspired by our colleagues in Israel, it’s hope and dedication that move us at New Israel Fund of Canada. Through these conflicts, our greatest successes are reaching Israelis who want to live better, more sustainable lives with each other even when that seems risky.
This week in Toronto and Ottawa, we had the pleasure of meeting and hearing from exemplary activists, including leadership from SHATIL and AJEEC (more on them below) as well as Rania Okby, the world’s first female Bedouin physician.
Nobel Peace Prize Nominee Amal Elsana Alh’jooj spoke to packed rooms about her journey from Israel’s Negev Bedouin community leader to world-renowned human rights and shared society activist.
On the train from Ottawa to Toronto, Amal relayed a story to me that I must share with you here:
In 1997, Amal was studying at Ben Gurion University, the first female Bedouin student there. In her community, there was a common sentiment that Jewish Israelis were adversaries and not allies.
She was asked to show an NIF tour group around her village. It was then that she met a professor who offered to bring her to McGill University in Montreal to do her Master’s of Social Work.
Indeed, Amal did come to Montreal. Once there, she focused on her studies exclusively and rarely went outside of campus.
For her social work placement, Amal was assigned to a place too far away to walk to. Getting there would be her first time on a public bus in Montreal. She was very nervous, her knowledge of the city virtually non-existent.
On the bus, she inquired of the bus driver, in English, whether she was going the right way and where she should get off. He replied, “Only French.” Amal was frightened and upset that she would not get to where she needed because she could not speak French and the driver wouldn’t speak English.
From the back of the bus, she heard a mother speak to her son in Hebrew. Amal, desperate for help, asked the Jewish woman if she could help her.
The woman and her son brought Amal to her placement. They stayed there and waited for her during her consultation. Then they brought her all the way home. No questions asked.
Back at home, Amal burst into tears.
She had flown 13 hours on a plane to realize that she’d had it all wrong. With that authentic interaction, she understood that Jews were not her enemy. She just needed the opportunity to see, hear and feel it.
It was from this interaction that Amal was compelled to start AJEEC, The Arab-Jewish Center for Equality, Empowerment and Cooperation at the Negev Institute for Strategies of Peace and Development. AJEEC, a partner of NIFC, is at the forefront of change in the Negev, promoting health, economic equality, shared society and education in Israel’s Negev. It is led by two co-executive directors, one Arab and one Jewish.
Without authentic opportunities from NGOs like AJEEC and SHATIL, Jewish Israelis and Arab Israelis would not have the chance to meet on a level playing field where they pursue common goals for a common future.
This is why New Israel Fund of Canada has backed these grassroots, community-based projects for almost 30 years. Without this support, we wouldn’t have the opportunity to see that, truly, we are stronger together.
In a success for religious freedom in Israel, a new conversion process passed a cabinet vote this week. The change will allow municipal rabbis to set up special conversion courts, thus dramatically increasing the number of rabbis who can perform conversions. Unfortunately, the new process doesn’t allow for the recognition of Reform or Conservative conversions – a key demand pressed by NIF-backed organizations.
Currently only 33 rabbis employed by the Religious Affairs Ministry can perform official conversions. Meanwhile, over 330,000 immigrants (and their children) – 8% of Israel’s Jewish population – who made Aliya as Jews under the Law of Return are not Jewish according to Orthodox law, which means they can’t marry in Israel or be buried in the regular section of Jewish cemeteries.
Anat Hoffman, Executive Director of the Israel Religious Action Center (IRAC), said: “Although this decision does not directly affect Reform and Conservative conversions in Israel, any measure to change the status quo of religion and state in Israel is a positive advancement towards religious pluralism. The State of Israel took a small step forward on a long road ahead.”
The Reform Movement in Israel also worked with the Attorney General, who helped make sure that the change in procedure would not negatively affect non-Orthodox conversions, including ongoing legal cases being fought by IRAC.
Similarly, Yizhar Hess, Director of the Masorti Movement, responded: “We welcome the government decision on the conversion issue. While it doesn’t touch directly or indirectly on non-Orthodox conversions, this is a type of democratization of the official, corrupt rabbinate, and this is a small but meaningful step towards a gradual breakup of the Orthodox establishment.”
Around 1,800 people converted in 2013 through Israel’s conversion courts, while at least 7,000 Jews who are not recognized as such by the state join Israeli society each year.
This cabinet decision was proposed as an alternative to a more forward-looking bill put forward by MK Elazar Stern (HaTnua), which would have recognized conversions by the Conservative and Reform movement, and eliminated the requirement that the chief rabbi approve conversions performed by municipal rabbis.
An Israeli district court has ruled that a woman who was fired from her cleaning job the day after she informed her employers she was pregnant should receive NIS 45,000 in compensation. She fought her case with the help of NIF grantee Tebeka, which works for justice and equality for Ethiopian Israelis.
Tebeka’s Executive Director, Fentahun Assefa-Dawit, said: “This case is representative of the abuse by managers towards underprivileged populations, and particularly towards Ethiopian Israelis. I am happy that the woman stood up for her rights and didn’t’ give up. Tebeka will continue to support the Ethiopian community against discrimination, and will strive for the establishment of a more tolerant and equal society in Israel.”
Earlier this year, Tebeka also succeeded in winning compensation on behalf of two Ethiopian Israeli women who were barred from entering a nightclub because of the color of their skin.
Sometimes no news is good news.
Last Saturday marked the one day in 30 years when Yom Kippur and the sacred Muslim Feast of the Sacrifice (Eid Al Adha) occur on the same day. Especially in the wake of the war over the summer, the potential for racism-fueled clashes concerned residents of Arab-Jewish cities like Haifa. NIFC-funded SHATIL and New Israel Fund launched a number of initiatives confronting the issue head on. I’m thrilled to report that what we hoped for became a reality: Nothing Happened.
Eid Al Adha, the Muslim “Holiday of the Sacrifice” celebrates Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his son according to God’s order. The recounting of Abraham’s ascent with his son is also prevalent leading up to Yom Kippur.
Yet, the two holidays are observed in dramatically different ways. Muslims celebrate Eid Al Adha by slaughtering sheep, giving to the poor, and holding a family feast. The customs of the holiday also include buying new clothes and toys for children, praying at the mosque early in the morning, and traveling to cemeteries to visit deceased relatives.
Yom Kippur, the “Day of Atonement”, is a day of reflection, fasting, and, even among secular cities across Israel, the only day in which cars stay off the roads.
In preparation for October 4th, we help to fund campaigns centering on Public Education, Citizen Leadership, and Violence Prevention. Here are some example within each pillar of our approach:
*School principals address their students about the sensitivities in school-wide forums
*Newspapers and other media sources were provided with anti-racism campaign materials to disseminate and publicize
*Ads were placed across news media with the title, “Pay Respect, Behave with Tolerance.”
*Mayors and police chiefs of towns attended and spoke at anti-racism rallies organized by NIFC-funded organizations.
*SHATIL brought together city leaders with both Jewish and Muslim religious leaders to coordinate on a game plan for the days leading up to October 4th.
*Police escorted Muslims to visit their cemeteries and avoided a procession of cars to enter Jewish areas of the city to prevent interpretations of provocation.
*New Israel Fund organized an anti-racism event connected to the start of the soccer season in a mixed Arab-Jewish city on Israel’s coast in which soccer players public denounced racist behaviour at their games.
One of the organizers of these efforts put the situation in perspective. “…We realized that conflicts are an inevitable part of life in [mixed] cities, but that escalation and violence are not.”
New Israel Fund of Canada is proud to contribute to grassroots efforts like these to respond to situations that have potential to ignite racism. We are equally proud that, rather than serving as a symbol of post-war tension, last Saturday instead highlights the possibility for peace within Israel’s borders through our work.
In a major victory for human rights, Israel’s High Court of Justice has ordered the government to close the Holot Detention Camp, where African refugees have been incarcerated for many months, within the next 90 days. The nine-judge panel voted seven to two to shut down the facility, which houses over 2,000 asylum seekers mainly from Sudan and Eritrea, who cannot safely return to their homelands. The High Court also abrogated the law requiring a one-year prison sentence for asylum seekers who arrived in Israel after December 2013.
The petition to close down the detention camp was filed by a coalition of human rights organizations in the NIF family including the Association of Civil Rights in Israel (ACRI), Hotline for Refugees and Migrant Workers in Israel, Kav LaOved Workers’ Hotline, Assaf – Aid Organization for Refugees and Asylum Seekers in Israel, and Physicians for Human Rights.
ACRI Attorney Oded Feller said, “The fact that the Knesset and the government continue to single out a powerless and disadvantaged group as a scapegoat, blame it for society’s problems, vilify it, and beat its members down over and over with unconstitutional legislation requires the Court to intervene.”
Muatsim Ali, an asylum seeker and refugee protest leader from Darfur, Sudan said, “This is the choice the government grants us: live out our lives in the desert with a roof over our heads, with water and bread – but without the possibility of leaving, of working, of living like human beings. The government asks us to be animals, to be satisfied with protection and basic food needs. Our other choice is to leave Israel for an unknown fate, to return to the countries from which we fled, to regimes that persecuted us and will continue to persecute us.”
In handing down the ruling Supreme Court Justice Uzi Vogelman said, “The heart understands the difficulties, but the mind cannot accept the chosen solution.”
At this writing, right-wing members of Knesset are looking at new options to restrict the 60,000 or so asylum-seekers currently in Israel while meeting constitutional standards.
Palestinian Israelis whose property has been damaged in a “Price Tag” hate crime will now be entitled to compensation under the Property Tax and Compensation Fund Law 1961. (“Price-tag” is the name given to vigilante actions by radical settlers against Arabs, leftists and even the army to exact a cost for the closure of illegal outposts or other actions found politically objectionable.) Until now, victims were not compensated because “Price Tag” attacks were deemed racist attacks rather than terrorist actions by government officials.
In February, NIF grantee The Coalition Against Racism in Israel (CAR) wrote to Finance Minister Yair Lapid on the matter. After talks between CAR and Treasury officials, Lapid agreed to broaden the scope of the Law to encompass compensation for victims of Price Tag attacks. The new regulations have now been approved by the Knesset Finance Committee.
CAR Director Nidal Othman said, “We welcome the new regulations and will monitor their application. This is an important change because an enlightened country cannot discriminate through legislation between citizens regarding their security and the safety of their property. We will continue our activities and demand that Price Tag assailants are proclaimed terrorists.”
Three new initiatives will help to span the divides in healthcare between Israel’s center and Northern periphery. A new pilot program will help enable people coping with a mental health emergency to recover in the community rather than in a psychiatric hospital. A newly-opened rehab center in the North will help reduce the shortage of such facilities in the Galilee. And women in disadvantaged Northern communities will now receive lactation support to help them breastfeed their infants.
These – and more – initiatives are the result of two SHATIL courses that trained Galilee residents to become agents of change for greater health equity.
The year-long program in the Western Galilee just graduated its second cohort, adding 50 doctors, nurses, physical therapists, psychologists, academics, social activists, lawyers, and others to the cadre of 30 change makers who graduated from last year’s pilot course. Together, they now compose the Northern Health Equity Leadership Network, which is working to bridge the unconscionable gaps in healthcare between the north and center of the country. At the end of 2015, they will be joined by a third group that will be trained in the majority-Arab city of Nazareth.
“When citizens promote programs for bridging gaps and don’t settle for complaining about the ineffectiveness of the authorities, life in Israel looks different,” said Professor Michael Weingarten, M.D., Associate Dean of Bar Ilan University’s Galilee Medical Faculty and a pilot program participant.
Studies show that the number of doctors, nurses and hospital beds, the accessibility of treatment, and even life expectancy is significantly lower in the north than in the center of the country. This project aims to narrow those alarming gaps.
In addition to learning about the gaps in healthcare and the health and medical challenges facing northern residents, the high caliber trainees – both Arab and Jewish – use the resources of the course and the sponsoring organizations to initiate projects that respond to specific issues. In addition to those mentioned above, projects in the works include a women’s health center, a smoking cessation program aimed at Arab youth, a health education program in the schools, and an initiative to determine clear criteria for the provision and location of health services. Each project receives intensive guidance from SHATIL and partner organizations’ experts.
Among the many partners in this program are the NIFC-funded Association for Civil Rights in Israel, JDC-ELKA, the Galilee branch of the Ministry of Health, the Galilee Society, Western Galilee Academic College, the Russell Berrie Foundation, The Fine Foundation, AS Securities, and more.
Since our last newsletter was published, NIFC suffered a major loss in the passing of Shira Herzog. Shira was a steadfast supporter of equality and democracy in Israel. She contributed first-hand insight into issues critical to Israel. And, through her work as Executive Director of the Kahanoff Foundation, vital financial support was secured for addressing them. New Israel Fund of Canada was a grateful recipient of support from both the Kahanoff Foundation and the personal commitment of Shira.
Over the past weeks, a number of meaningful testimonials have been shared describing Shira’s lifetime commitment towards an ever-stronger civil society in Israel. We have collected some of those tributes from across the globe on our website (www.nifcan.org/the-shira-herzog-tribute). For New Israel Fund of Canada, Shira’s contribution manifested itself in innovative, bold, and forward-thinking projects.
I want to share with you three concrete and specific examples of Shira’s contribution:
Community Leadership Among Marginalized Groups – As demographic trends change the face of Israel, discourse is critical across outlying communities to ensure an integrated society in the future. New Israel Fund of Canada through the Kahanoff Foundation is funding active working groups across marginalized communities in Israel. Among this is the Meoravot Working Group for Haredi women. First-hand, these women describe the conditions within their community and what issues are urgent to address right now. Entry into these communities is a long-term investment and NIFC is committed to building trust through these efforts.
Integrating Mizrachi Voices – Israel’s Mizrachi community (Jews who trace their history to Muslim-majority countries) have felt increasingly isolated from social justice initiatives. Both politically and culturally, a far more conservative movement offers the only viable option for this segment of the population. NIFC through the Kahanoff Foundation is working to integrate Mizrachi voices, leadership, and culture into the mainstream. In the long-run, this integration can lead to broader collaborations and more pluralistic Israeli communities.
Leadership for a Shared Society – The fate of Arab-Palestinian citizens – representing 20% of the Israeli population – is inextricably tied to the strength of Israeli society as a whole. As such, addressing issues of housing, employment, health, and education is critical. Through the Kahanoff Foundation, NIFC has brought together leadership among both Jewish- and Arab-Israelis to face these issues together. The principle of shared responsibility to address these issues is just as vital for Israeli society as the initiatives themselves.
These initiatives are among those for which Shira, through her advice and expertise, provided indispensable guidance.
Shira was a true leader in Israeli civil society and left her stamp on every arena and organization with which she was involved. In service to a country she loved, Shira contributed masterful communication, innovative philanthropy, bridge-building and collaborations, and the foresight to identify long-term solutions when understanding of societal problems was still in its infancy.
The New Israel Fund of Canada will continue to honour Shira’s legacy in the work we do. Shira’s legacy is manifest not only by the development of a broad civil society but also by the increasing commitment of the Canadian Jewish community to supporting equality and democracy in Israel.
The Israel Religious Action Center (IRAC) is calling on Israel’s Attorney General to investigate incitement by the Lehava organization. Lehava, whose primary objective is opposing relationships between Jewish women and non-Jewish men, dominated the Israeli headlines last month after it organized a noisy protest outside the wedding of Mahmoud Mansour and Morel Malka in in Jaffa. Participants at the protest carried signs saying “Daughter of Israel to the people of Israel” and “Assimilation is a Holocaust.”
In the build-up to this demonstration, President Reuven Rivlin issued a statement saying: “Mahmoud and Morel from Jaffa have decided to marry and to exercise their freedom in a democratic country. The manifestations of incitement against them are infuriating and distressing, whatever my opinion or anyone else’s might be regarding the issue itself.”
Ironically for Lehava’s “anti-miscegenation” campaign, Morel was no longer Jewish at the time of her marriage; she had formally converted to Islam.
IRAC’s call to the Attorney General is part of the work of the NIF-supported Coalition Against Racism, which has cited five incidents of incitement by the group. Lehava’s deplorable message that Arabs are the enemies of Israel, and that contact with them will lead to disaster and the kidnapping of Jewish girls to Arab villages, hinders efforts to build a shared society. Posters, media campaigns and social media threatening Arab men who approach Jewish women are standard operating practice for Lehava, as are messages to Jewish women themselves instructing them to stay clear of Arab men.
Adv. Nidal Othman, Director of the Coalition against Racism in Israel, said: “For four years, IRAC has approached the Attorney General regarding Lehava, but nothing has been done…The authorities’ failure to take active steps…constitutes silent acquiescence…to the phenomena of incitement and violence.”
Before recessing for the summer, the Knesset passed a law that erases years of discrimination against women. The Law for the Division of Pension Savings of Separated Couples ensures that a divorced woman whose former spouse had died would be entitled to her share of his pension. Until now, when said spouse died, the former spouse’s share of the pension was erased, despite the fact that no one argued that she deserved her share.
This law was tirelessly promoted for 15 years by Dr. Tikva Reger, director of the NGO Granit – Aid to Women Before, during and after Divorce Proceedings, which received several NIF grants during this time. Credit also goes to Na’amat’s legal department for help with this campaign.
“The passage of this law rights an outrageous injustice,” said SHATIL lobby expert Shmulik David, who helped guide Granit in this process. “Many of these women did not work, or worked only part time and therefore earned a small pension because they were raising the couple’s children and running their household, thus enabling their spouse to work and earn a living.”
Among the MKs who helped bring the law to fruition were Zehava Galon, Merav Michaeli and Yakov Margi.
Shared living in Haifa received a boost last month when nearly 200 Arabs and Jews gathered for an emergency conference, Haifa against Violence and Racism, organized by civil society activists and organizations. The organizers had expected 50 participants. Hundreds more had expressed interest in attending, reflecting the concern among Israelis about the Gaza war’s effect on Arab-Jewish relations.
The conference was not a gathering to hear speeches, but rather one to discuss and offer concrete proposals for actions to ease tensions and promote shared living. Nine round tables were led by Arab and Jewish co-facilitators.
Despite the trauma experienced by demonstrators who were attacked by right wing hooligans on July 19th and the despair expressed by some Arab participants, there was much positive energy. People expressed a renewed commitment to work for change.
“A very clear voice arose at the conference saying that at a time like this, slogans about Haifa as a model for co-existence are not enough,” said Rolly Rosen, coordinator of NIFC-supported Shatil’s Haifa as a Shared City project. “We need determined action, commitment on the part of the Municipality, the allocation of resources for strengthening Arab-Jewish ties in the city and steps to ensure the personal and business safety of all the city’s residents.”
Haifa – Between Reality and a Vision for a Shared City, a 500-page book that NIFC helped SHATIL publish in 2012, was quoted extensively at the conference, which was hosted by Haifa’s Leo Baeck Community Center.
Among the directions for future action: actions to oppose the boycott of Arab businesses (with the support of Mayor Yona Yahav;) fighting racism on social networks; and working with school children to promote tolerance. The organizers also called upon the municipality to set up a unique municipal commission whose goal would be promoting a shared city in Haifa and ensuring all residents enjoy equal rights.
Conference organizers – Yad b’Yad for Bilingual Education, Woman to Woman, Shutafut-Sharaka, the Leo Baeck Community Center, Rabbis for Human Rights, the Mossawa Center and SHATIL – are working to organize similar events around the country.
In peaceful times, NIFC is proud to fund projects in Israel with a focus towards long-term and systemic progress in Israel. We’ve seen the impact of this focus over the three decades of work in Israel. Over the past months, however, the need for immediate help has taken on great urgency.
And, NIFC has responded. Along with our partner, New Israel Fund, we have funded emergency projects where need is greatest.
Immediate circumstances have led us to the guiding questions behind our response:
– Underprivileged Israeli citizens have been living in areas without alarm sirens, bomb shelters, or trauma assistance during the fighting. We have asked, How can NIFC help Israeli citizens under threat of rocket attacks?
– Many of the grassroots organizations we fund are very small and cannot spare extra resources. Yet, their staff has been working overtime – sometimes seven days a week – to respond to immediate needs. How can NIFC help our partner Israeli charities respond to an onslaught of community needs?
– During this period of conflict, free speech and civil rights have been curbed inside Israel. Violence among citizens has flared up along with racist discourse. How can NIFC continue to promote equality and democracy in Israel?
Here are some examples of the projects funded:
* Round-the-clock staff and security at Be’er Sheva bomb shelters
* An Israeli Russian-language website to confront extreme and racist discourse in Israel
* Equipment and volunteers to work with children in bomb shelters
* Food packages to disadvantaged Israelis left without the ability to work during the crisis
* Anti-racism materials in public schools printed in both Arabic and Hebrew
* Staffing at a local rape crisis center to respond to the increased reports of sexual violence during wartime
* Opportunities for respite from wartime violence among children with special needs and their families
You’ll see from the articles in this month’s newsletter the societal effects of the war and the far-reaching impact the war has had in arenas across Israeli life. We are grateful to the organizations with whom we have worked for thirty years for their bravery and courage in addressing some of the toughest issues for Israeli society in the midst of this crisis.
I am also thankful to so many of you who continue to make special contributions to NIFC during this time. In launching emergency projects, we have seen our role, in part, as the agent connecting our donors’ support with the grassroots network we work so closely with in Israel.
Thank you once again for your continued partnership,
Since the outbreak of the conflict in Gaza, dozens of Palestinian Israelis have been fired from their jobs for expressing their opposition to the war on social networks. We spoke to Gadeer Nicola, a lawyer and coordinator of the Nazareth branch of NIF partner Workers Hotline, to hear about the efforts to fight back and promote freedom of expression.
How big a problem is this?
“We’ve been approached by dozens of Palestinian Israeli workers who have been fired because of things they’ve said on social networks, mainly Facebook. There are more every day. The problem has even extended to Arab students at academic institutions. At least 25 Facebook pages have been set up with names like “Not in our Schools” and “Exposing the Traitors” where people copy statuses of Palestinian Israelis alongside their photos and places of work, requesting that the general public call on their employers to fire them. Otherwise they threaten a boycott of their employers. Most of the cases we know about are a result of this pressure; in other cases Israeli Jews have read statuses of colleagues and then demanded their termination.”
What kind of things did people post?
“Anything that doesn’t fall within the consensus is seen as a reason for firing. For example, there were some people saying that the IDF is committing war crimes, or posted pictures of dead Palestinian children, or people who took pictures of themselves with Palestinian flags at demonstrations. And there were some that were more extreme. They are seen as traitors because they are against the war. Employers have started issuing instructions that employees are banned from posting about the war on social networks (which is itself an infringement of freedom of expression), but it’s clear that this is being applied selectively…we haven’t heard of a single case in which a Jewish worker was fired for saying “Death to Arabs” or something like that, even though we know of many people who have done so.”
Is this legal?
“Definitely not. The right to freedom of expression is fundamental. If there’s incitement, the police can get involved, but the law doesn’t allow an employer to punish workers for things they say outside of the workplace. Also – there’s been no warning at all, even for people who put up a post and then took it down because they regretted it. They were fired straight away. And there have been physical threats. The details on the Facebook pages often include phone numbers, and sometimes the employers made the workers stay at home because they said they couldn’t protect them. The government hasn’t issued a response, and no guidelines have been sent out to employers. The Employment (Equal Opportunities) Law clearly forbids firing workers because of their political opinions. At the moment this clause is being broken repeatedly.”
What is the Workers’ Hotline doing in response?
“We’re giving legal advice and representation to fired workers. We’ve also written a position paper (with NIF partners Adalah and Mossawa) explaining workers’ rights in cases like this. It has received more than 250 shares on Facebook so far, which shows how extensive the problem is. We expect that the first case will reach court in the coming days, and more will follow after that.”
Do you have a final message that you want to share?
“We need to guarantee freedom of expression. It’s the most basic right citizens have in a democratic state. Employers shouldn’t be able to punish workers because of their political views, as clearly spelled out by Israeli law. For years we’ve been working to increase the number of Arab workers in Israel – this deterioration is taking us back years. We are working as hard as we can to make it stop as soon as possible.”
Two young Palestinian Israelis remain hospitalized following a violent attacked last week by a group of Jews in a Jerusalem suburb. A delegation from the NIF-convened Tag Meir coalition visited them and a soldier who was injured in Gaza at Hadassah Hospital.
A Tag Meir activist described the visit: “We visited the neurosurgery unit at Hadassah Ein Kerem, where one of the young men [who was attacked] is hospitalized. In a nearby room there was an IDF soldier who was injured in one of the battles in Gaza. A few floors beneath them, in the intensive care unit, is the second young man who was attacked. His whole body is covered in plaster, he’s unconscious, and around him his family are hoping for a miracle. His big brother told us: “We’ve never hurt anyone. We have lived in Jerusalem since we were born, and have lived in peace with Jews. This is the first time that we have experienced violence like this.” We wished everyone a speedy recovery and more peaceful days.”
Before the war, Tag Meir activists also visited the Abu Khdeir family’s mourning tent, and organized a well-attended demonstration under the banner of “We Mourn, We Don’t Take Vengeance”.
It’s not easy at the moment to get hold of Erez Nagawker, the head of Be’er Sova, an NGO which has been working for 15 years on food security and education projects in Be’er Sheva. While busy with the organization’s increased workload since the start of the fighting, he was called up for reserve duty. Amid the chaos, NIF managed to have a brief chat with him.
What is Be’er Sova doing at the moment?
“We have the community restaurant, which is open all the time, and people come to eat. When the rockets began falling on Be’er Sheva, we had doubts as to whether to open the restaurant because it doesn’t have a protected space, and then I myself was called up for reserve duty. The volunteers decided to open it anyway.”
What happens there?
“Every day people come to get food – disadvantaged people, and also Holocaust survivors. In parallel, because people are afraid of leaving their homes, we decided to set up distribution lines: we are giving out containers of food for individual homes, senior citizen centers and also for youth clubs; everyone who needs a meal. People approach us and we deliver the containers.”
To how many people are you giving food?
“Around 80 people a day come to the restaurant to eat a warm meal, and there are around 50 families who either come to pick the food up or get it delivered.”
What are the responses?
“People are really happy that we’re open because other programs in Be’er Sheva are closed. At the beginning we didn’t think that many people would come, but when the stomach grumbles there’s no choice. More and more families are coming to request packages and we are helping everyone.”
And how are you managing with your reserve duty?
“It’s not easy to combine it with work, but I’m pleased to say that we have volunteers who decided to come and help, and they make it much easier for me. We wouldn’t succeed without them.”
Any other thoughts?
“Yes. It really moves me to see the people of Israel coming together to help during times like this, when the situation is difficult. I want to thank everyone.”
In the past few days, Israel has experienced both gruesome attacks against individuals and appalling rhetoric in the public sphere. The racism and hatred we are witnessing today in Israel, Gaza and the West Bank challenge our faith in the future for peace. New Israel Fund of Canada shares in the sorrow of this terrible moment, with deep sympathies for all of the bereaved families.
We are profoundly saddened by the military conflict now escalating. We urgently call for maximum restraint from all sides to prevent any further devastation.
We cannot allow racism by any group to threaten the future of Israel as a thriving, open, sustainable society. New Israel Fund of Canada calls upon all supporters of Israel to join with those Israelis who share our beliefs, to overcome racism, and to find a path to peace and a shared future.
Israel is strongest when it stands on the firmament of democracy and equality. Members of Israeli society have the capacity to contribute to their country’s success when they are given the tools of education, safety, legal rights, health, economic opportunity, and, not least, the guarantee of social equality. It is the work that activists in Israel are doing that offers a glimmer of hope in the face of the weeks’ events.
I want to share with you the statement from one of the partners NIFC funds, Mahapach-Taghir, a joint Jewish-Arab social justice organization working with marginalized communities across Israel:
“The past weeks have been difficult for all of us, especially for those of us who believe in solidarity and partnership between Jews and Palestinians. In the face of racism, violence and hatred we hold strongly to our values and insist on raising our voices despite criticisms from both sides.
We have recently published the following statement in Hebrew and Arabic and include below a translation to English:
In these difficult days of pain and sorrow, we the members of Mahapach-Taghir continue to believe in the path of partnership and solidarity. We express sorrow on the death of those innocent of crime and call for the end of violence against civilians on both sides. The path of partnership and dialogue is never easy, yet especially at this time we return to our communities and draw strength from them. With hope that together we will be able to deal with violence and prevent fear from controlling us, we are struggling for life.
We know that a statement alone is not sufficient and we are currently putting together an emergency conference for our Palestinian and Jewish activists from around the country. This will provide a platform for us to come together in this difficult time when partnership is most fragile. “
The social justice movement in Israel celebrated an important victory Sunday when a bill requiring direct employment of teachers passed the Ministerial Committee on Legislation. Now, when the bill comes to the floor of the Knesset all members of the governing coalition are required to vote in favor.
Current law requires that employees receive benefits such as retirement pensions, continuing education credits, and vacation time. Contract workers, however, are excluded from these protections, creating a loophole that has created a second class of Israelis who lack financial security.
This week’s victory comes in the midst of an intensive campaign spearheaded by the Coalition for Direct Employment – comprised of 30 social-change organizations including NIFC partners the Association for Civil Rights in Israel, the Worker’s Hotline, and SHATIL – to put the issue of contract workers on the agenda of decision-makers and the public.
Nearly one-third of Israel’s public-sector employees are contract workers. Unlike their civil-service colleagues, many of them lack job security and employment benefits, and are paid less than government workers doing the same jobs. At a hearing in the Knesset on June 11, Clara Benon Kirshner, a former eldercare contract worker who now supervises other caregivers, spoke passionately about the tenuous situation facing many contract workers.
“A caregiver can be fired every day, at any moment,” Kirshner said. “She can go to work in the morning and be fired for no reason. I was fired because I refused to paint the house. Because I refused to work in gardening.(I was fired because) I refused to work on Shabbat. I was fired when they heard that I have a cat at home. I was fired because they accused me of stealing a lemon. It may sound funny, but it’s not funny. A person goes to work in the morning and is fired.”
SHATIL organizer Shira Eytan said the Knesset hearing was an important component of the awareness-raising campaign. “We got a lot of media coverage,” she said. “It was a good opening to the committee discussion. And one of the major aims of the event was to get contract workers more involved in the coalition work, both in planning and execution. This was very successful.”
Over 250 current and former contract workers and their supporters walked through the streets of Jerusalem before the hearing, and more than 100 present and former contract workers attended the hearing itself, which was hosted by MKs Haim Katz (Likud) and Micky Rosenthal (Labor).
Nir Shachar, a contractor who works as an urban planner in the Ministry of the Interior, testified at the hearing that he works “shoulder to shoulder with public workers doing the exact same job. People who walk in can’t tell the difference, but we get less vacation days, no job security, longer hours, lower salary, less sick days, and no bonuses. We’re second-class workers. When they get activities, trips, new chairs, we get nothing.”
Dr. Varda Shiffer, a researcher at the Van Leer Institute specializing in the effects of privatization of government services, criticized the concept that some work is considered core and other work isn’t—especially in the field of education, where teachers of “non-core” subjects, especially in the arts and humanities, are employed indirectly.
As the legislation on teachers advances through the Knesset, the Coalition is continuing to raise awareness among the public and decision makers in order to reduce the number of workers subject to uncertain contract employment.
Each year, Israeli environmental advocates present the prestigious Green Globe Awards to support and promote environmentally friendly projects. However, besides praising projects that are doing good, the Green Globe Awards Ceremony is also an opportunity to highlight environmentally harmful initiatives. And so, each year the Black Globe Award is presented to an organization whose work is deemed to be environmentally and socially detrimental.
This year’s award was presented on June 17th to the Settlement Division of the World Zionist Organization for its plans to establish ten new towns for Jewish residents in the Negev periphery. The Settlement Division claims the plan will create new socio-economically stronger communities. However, there is significant evidence that this would occur at the expense of the residents of existing Negev towns such as Arad, Dimona, and Yerucham.
Similar past initiatives have shown that construction of new settlements adjacent to urban areas results in the transfer of wealthier residents to the new suburban communities, further weakening neglected regions. The plan also requires construction of additional infrastructure and roads, which will fragment a pristine environmental region that is an important local recreational area and a popular tourist site. Furthermore, the plan ignores the residents of six Bedouin communities living in the region.
Avi Dabush, NIFC-funded SHATIL’s Project Coordinator and a resident of the Negev believes that the future growth of existing Negev communities is put at risk by the Ten Towns Project. “They should take the money and make investments that won’t hurt Bedouin and the other people who will lose from this; people in Arad, Dimona, and Yerucham. Bring the effort inside and make the cities strong. From an environmental perspective, if you are making new structures and infrastructures, you are taking away open spaces in the desert and ruining it.”
Since 2011, SHATIL has played a prominent role both establishing and coordinating the Coalition to Reinforce Existing Negev Communities, a broad network of NGOs and civil society organizations such as the Association for Civil Rights in Israel, Adam Teva V’din, the Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel and Green Course, as well as grassroots activists who have highlighted the harm that this plan would pose to the region.
Instead of creating new communities, members of the Coalition believe that the government should invest in existing towns. They are working to increase local resident’s influence with planning committees and to bring national attention to the plan’s implications.
The decision to bestow this dubious honor is part of the strategy to shed light on the issue. This is especially important as Israel’s National Planning Committee is due to vote on approval of a number of settlements planned within the program in the coming weeks. The coalition is now gearing up to engage in a sustained campaign to block, or at least limit, the settlements approved.
We are told to love countless times in the Torah, and at the Tel Aviv Pride Parade thousands joined together to celebrate and to advocate for marriage equality. In touching speeches, posters, chants, and actions, the people at Tel Aviv’s Pride Parade said that love is love, and that LGBT couples should have the same rights for legal recognition of their families.
The parade showcased the diversity that Israel should be proud of. Some wore skirts and long sleeve shirts, some had head coverings or yarmulkes, some wore bikini tops and bottoms, and some dressed as fairies, gladiators, and Greek gods, but all were there to sing, smile, and celebrate freedom of love.
A part of the parade that was not to be missed was a double-decker bus with people dancing on top, inside, and on the sides. The bus was sponsored by NIF grantee Havruta – Religious Homosexuals in Israel. Havruta is the largest organization for religious gays in Israel. The organization emphasizes the Jewish ideal of acceptance, tolerance, and promoting a more equal society for everyone who calls Israel home. Havruta believes in love and freedom, and that everyone deserves a combination of both.
Havruta is only one of the many Israeli LGBT organizations that have received guidance from SHATIL and support from the New Israel Fund. Bat Kol, an organization for religious lesbians, emphasizes a similar message by supporting tolerance among the religious community. The Israeli Gay Youth Organization allows for LGBT Israelis to find a support network. Aswat: Palestinian Gay Women was formed to empower and promote the rights of Arab lesbian, bisexual, and transsexual, transgender, and intersex women who live in Israel and the territories. Aswat provides a safe environment for these women and strengthens their voice in Arab and Palestinian society. All of these groups have an important message promoting tolerance, equality, and love.
The energy of the parade was powerful and uplifting. After speeches and chants, the entire crowd walked together through the streets of Tel Aviv under colorful flags, cheered on by spectators. There were floats and performances, and finally, at the end of a long stretch of walking, the participants found themselves on an enclosed grassy space next to the sea with food, drinks, memorabilia, and live music. The togetherness and unity celebrated at the parade highlights the best of what Israel’s democracy has to offer.
Interview with Canadian NIF/SHATIL 2014-15 Social Justice Fellow Isaac Kates Rose
Isaac Kates Rose is a recent graduate of the University of Toronto in Jewish Studies, Near and Middle Eastern Civilization and Cinema Studies. He has more than five years of experience as an educator in both Jewish and musical environments. He is deeply passionate about the arts, the Earth, community-building, pluralism, and social justice. Isaac is active in the All That’s Left: Anti-Occupation Collective and is a founder, coordinator and facilitator at Lehagshim.
Isaac spoke with Orit Sarfaty, Executive Director of New Israel Fund of Canada about his upcoming year in Israel.
What type of work do you want to be doing in your years as an SJF?
I’m really looking forward to the opportunity to do work that I hold to be meaningful and that helps human beings of all backgrounds on the ground. That quest for meaningful engagement inspires me to do three kinds of work:
1) Finding the Jewish root of my activism and education. To me, that’s trying to bridge Israel’s character as a Jewish and Democratic state and not thinking that solutions to Israel’s social problems lies in emboldening one over the other, but trying to find a sustainable harmony between those two.
2) Using digital and current media and technologies to reach a wide audience of Jewish Israelis, Palestinian- Israelis, Jews in the Diaspora, and concerned observers the world over. It’s lending my energy and time to organizations that work in filmmaking, news, traditional news, alternative news and media sources.
3) People often say that Israel will remain a conflicted society until Jerusalem can be resolved as a city, a site, symbol and center of spirituality. We’re acutely aware that we say each year that we hope to be in Jerusalem. Jerusalem exists on many different plains as a terrestrial city, as a spiritual symbol, and unfortunately, as a site of bitter conflict. So in my lucky childhood in Toronto, growing up with all sorts of diverse kids in my classroom, there is this naïve and idealistic hope that people can learn to share a classroom and can also share a holy city.
What work here in Canada did you do that will help to prepare you for your time in Israel?
I’ve lived almost every day of my life in Toronto. I’ve been happy to be able to give back to the Jewish community here in a few capacities, primarily through educational initiatives. I was a Fellow at Hillel Toronto in the “Ask Big Questions” Fellowship where I facilitated conversations anchored around big questions that affect all of us between diverse communities. I was the head of the national youth movement of Hashomer Hatzair where I did leadership training with young, passionate Zionist Jews and educational work about our capacities to be advocates for social justice here, in Israel and elsewhere.
You’ll be the only Canadian in this group of Fellows. You’re going to find out how that’s going to impact your perspective compared with others. But if you had to guess, what do think being a young Canadian going to Israel is going to feel like?
I think that the sort of gentle humility that I associate with being Canadian, in a city that belongs to so many different kinds of people, will be a great gift to me in my interaction with Israelis of all kinds. It will also be a challenge because Israel demands a sort of chutzpah and a certain tenacity that often gets read by Canadians as aggressive, pushy and not what we find on our streets. The people you meet on Ben Yehuda are not often the people you’d meet on Bloor.
I think I’ve learned a lot of good lessons growing up with all the blessings I had in Toronto and I think maybe those lessons are in short supply and are badly needed there. So I think it will sometimes feel challenging but I anticipate it to be immensely rewarding to be the lone Canadian.
You’ve just graduated from college with a host of options to consider. Why SJF?
I picked up on this path or opportunity for a number of reasons. I think so many people my age are emotionally connected and tied to what is happening inside Israel and to the people who live there. I am one of those people who cares very deeply about the past, present and future of that young struggling country. While getting another degree or working would not have stopped me feeling those things, I found in the fellowship an opportunity to plant myself in the soil there and really hold myself up to the light and see how my skills and experience can be of benefit to people who could use some help and support.
Mainly I’m excited to be a NIF/SHATIL fellow to show that interest and that passion can be realized just by boarding a plane, putting your neck out there and asking, ‘how can I help?’
What advice have people been giving you, from the mundane to the idealistic?
Live in Tel Aviv, not Jerusalem.
People say “be patient, it will take a while to get acclimatized.” We all want and crave seeing our efforts rewarded instantly. It’s hard enough to find our heart in a good place, so once you’ve located it, you want to wake up the next morning and be given proof that you’ve made a difference. People tell me that those differences aren’t visible the morning after a long day at the office.
NIFC’s speakers present reality of Israel’s neediest
I have just returned from NIFC’s national tour with speakers from Israel. Our two speakers, Mohammad Darawshe and Itamar Hamiel, presented the compelling reality of marginalized communities in Israel. Mohammad Darawshe of the Givat Haviva Educational Institute is a leading expert on Arab-Jewish relations. Itamar Hamiel is Associate Director of NIFC-funded Mahapach-Taghir, a grassroots feminist social action organization that works across Israel.
I would summarize the message of the events as such: the conditions of Israel’s neediest are rooted in political exclusion, social discrimination, and economic barriers. The tools to improve these conditions must be bold, receive long term government support, and be well resourced. Upon coming face-to-face with Israel’s reality, we learn one thing: conditions are improving as a result of people taking their destiny into their own hands.
Here are the facts on the ground:
• The conditions of Arab-Israelis affects all of Israel. Arab-Israelis account for 20% of Israel’s population.
• 56% of Arab-Israelis are under the poverty line compared with 20% of the general population as a whole.
• According to the Israeli Central Bureau of Statistics, Arab citizens contribute only 8% to Israel’s GDP, despite constituting 20% of Israel’s population.
• Economic gaps are, in part, tied to the low level of Arab women in the workplace (20.5%) compared to Jewish women (56.7%).
• Arab-Israelis hold 10 out of 120 seats in the Knesset.
• Arab participation in elections rose to 56% in the January 2013 election, from 53% in 2009.
• Arab citizens are under-represented in higher paying sectors such as the civil service, business, high technology and finance. Out of 150,000 high-tech jobs, Arab-Israelis hold 460 positions.
• According to NIFC-funded Sikkuy, a research institute reporting on the progress of Arab-Jewish equality in Israel, in 2011, 60% of Jewish Israelis believed it was in Israel’s interest to promote equality for Arab citizens.
• Further, over half of Jews participating in a national survey voiced concern by Arab-Jewish inequality with 40% stating that they would be willing to pay a personal price to reduce the socio-economic gap between Israel’s Arab and Jewish population.
How can we address these conditions? Mahapach-Taghir has faced it head-on over the course of sixteen years, working in seven marginalized communities across Israel.
Mahapach-Taghir works with diverse populations that include Arab-Israelis, recent Russian immigrants, Bedouins, and marginalized members of the religious Jewish community across Israel.
In every community, Mahapach funds local first generation university students who then come back to their villages and jump start programs specific to their village’s needs.
A group of women in a village….
At our events, Itamar described a number of personal stories from villagers in the communities he has worked in.
Every tale inevitably starts with “A group of women in a village…” and that is because of a principle central to Mahapach-Taghir’s organization: initiatives to improve a community must come from the community itself. Every initiative that Mahapach-Taghir undertakes starts with a cup of coffee shared between villagers and organizers, the central question being, “what do you want to see in your community that is not there now?”
I’ll just share two of Itamar’s stories here:
A bus line makes all the difference
A group of women in a village identified the lack of public transit in their community as a central barrier to seeking employment and education. They had no driver’s licenses and lived too far away to walk to commercial areas. As Itamar explains it, these women faced even more barriers trying to change reality. Their husbands laughed at them; local leaders took little heed of their requests. With Mahapach-Taghir’s help, these women persuaded both the city council and the private bus company responsible for adding stops to their village to provide them with transportation into the city.
27 out of 30
A group of women in a village started to send their children to Mahapach-Taghir’s after-school tutoring program. Many of the women had only elementary-level education. Their reasoning at the time? To paraphrase, “Our chance is up. In our lifetime, we did not succeed in getting the education that a good job requires. At the very least, then, our children should have the chance we never had.”
Because parents are required to provide some type of volunteer services in exchange for the tutoring, students’ mothers were often present at their children’s lessons. Through their participation, a few women started considering tutoring not only for their kids, but for themselves. Eventually, thirty women came together with a shared desire to right past wrongs and acquire formal education. The women called their goal “Second Opportunity.”
With Mahapach-Taghir’s facilitation, local colleges and universities agreed to offer scholarships, flexible schedules, and a specialized curriculum geared towards the Second Opportunity women.
Mahapach-Taghir found them tutors to help them in English, maths, and writing their theses. Mahapach-Taghir found them childcare so they could take classes at night while their husbands worked. And, two weeks ago, Mahapach-Taghir held a celebration in honour of the Second Opportunity women. Twenty-seven of thirty women graduated from college and now hold a B.A. in education.
Why did we put on these events? Across Canada, audience members met a dynamic set of activists whose mission is being accomplished through a ground-up approach. With vivid descriptions of communities in transformation, Itamar and Mohammad delved deeply into the issues that marginalized populations face in Israel and also offered success stories helping to integrate Israel’s society. We put on these events because these are stories that need to be told.
I’m thrilled that New Israel Fund of Canada helped make this happen. Thank you to those who attended. Thanks as always to our supporters without whom this type of programming would not be possible.
“Price tag” attacks — violence by radical settlers imposing a “cost” on divergence from their political agenda – have reached epidemic levels inside Israel, with nearly daily incidents over the last few months. In particular, attacks on Arab property and mosques inside Israel are on the upswing. In response, the NIF-convened Tag Meir coalition organized a demonstration on Sunday outside Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s residence to protest the government’s inadequate response to these racist attacks.
At the event, a statement signed by 2,000 NIF supporters around the world was read: “Mr. Prime Minister: We, supporters of Israel from around the globe, appeal to you to do more in the face of escalating politically-motivated violence known as ’Price Tag.’ Price Tag is a threat to the moral fiber of Israel, to its Jewish and democratic character, and to the security of its citizens. You yourself have spoken out against Price Tag, as have so many Israeli leaders from across the political spectrum. These condemnations are important, but they are not enough. Meaningful leadership is needed to make sure that Israel’s law enforcement community can return a sense of security to all of Israel’s citizens. Please act to defend Israel from this threat.”
Tag Meir, a coalition of 43 organizations, including NIFC-funded Shatil, was formed more than four years ago with NIF support. The group confronts Price Tag violence by going to towns where attacks have occurred and holding solidarity events with the community, as well as pressuring the government to stop the attacks and arrest the perpetrators. “We need to make it clear that this cannot happen in Israel,” said Yael Ben Saadon, a Shatil intern who has worked with Tag Meir for the last several months.
Tag Meir acts on three fronts: they engage with the media by publicizing events in Arab communities in order to create greater public awareness of the attacks; they lobby the government and the Knesset to have Price Tag labeled as terrorism, and to make Price Tag victims eligible for government compensation; and third, Tag Meir member groups are preparing education programs for students, teachers, and youth movements about racism in Israel and the need for Israel to respect its religious and ethnic minorities.
Sunday’s demonstration drew almost a thousand people to the Netanyahu home. Demonstrators gathered outside the gate and held signs advocating solidarity between Jews and Arabs.
Speakers at the demonstration included Labor MK Merav Michaeli (who will join us in Toronto in September), who decried the lack of political and government figures present at the rally; Nidal Othman, head of the Coalition Against Racism; and Rabbi Benny Lau, a prominent Orthodox Rabbi in Jerusalem, among others.
“The price tag is not only those who perforate [car tires], burn, and vandalize,” Rabbi Lau told the crowd. “Price Tag is too much silence by ordinary people. Price tag is also a person who does not stand up and protest.”
Both the protest and the NIF statement demonstrate that many Israeli citizens and Jews around the world are appalled by extensive Price Tag attacks, which they see as an affront to Israeli democracy and its liberal values. “It shows that the Israeli public is sick of this,” says Ben Saadon, “and people are starting to wake up to it.”
New Course Promotes Shared Society For Jewish and Arab Citizens
Until he joined SHATIL’s Leadership for Shared Society course, which launched its first cohort in February, Uri Altman’s most significant contact with Palestinians had been as an officer in the Kfir Brigade serving in the territories.
“I grew up in a religious home and in the religious school system,” explains Altman. “This is the first time I’m meeting with Arabs and with people who have a wide range of views, which I didn’t encounter at school. I want to go into public life, and I don’t think you should do that without real experience meeting people.”
Altman joins 12 Arab and 14 other Jewish participants who were selected from more than 60 applicants. Ranging in age from 23 to 53, some have worked in organizations related to Jewish-Arab relations, while others are receiving their first serious exposure to the topic. The goal of the program is to create a network of Arab and Jewish leaders who will formulate and implement models and projects promoting a society in which all members have an equal voice and an equal sense of belonging. It is run in partnership with the Hand in Hand organization.
The participants are meeting monthly to explore each individual’s views on shared society, to strengthen his or her role as a leader, and to learn about tools and strategies for bringing about change in Israel’s current climate. At the end of the course, the participants will develop new initiatives promoting shared society.
The group meets in a different city each time – Nazareth, West Jerusalem, the Galilee village of Ba’ane, and Fureidis – giving each participant the chance to feel at home and to feel like outsiders.
As they approach the end of their first semester, the participants are completing an exercise in policy analysis and project design. Working in small groups, they chose a project idea, for example a bilingual school or a ceremony that recognizes both Israel’s Independence Day and the Palestinian loss associated with that day, and will analyze all the potential opportunities and pitfalls associated with it.
The bonds among the participants are already starting to form. Through an e-mail list and Facebook page, they are exchanging ideas, information, and experiences. One of the participants, a woman from the Jewish community of Givat Elah in the Jezreel Valley, wants to develop an initiative in her community to reach out to neighboring Arab towns in order to break down the barriers between them and develop a closer, more productive relationship.
Project Director Muhammad Khalil is impressed by the participants’ belief in their ability to have an impact. “They have that flame, and they are critical of the status quo,” he says. “They say ‘We want to make a shared society. It doesn’t matter to us what has come before.”
Altman agrees: “You can change reality. It’s not fate. We, as human beings, have a big role to play.”
The Leadership for Shared Society course is a project of the Kahanoff Fund at the New Israel Fund of Canada.
A few weeks ago, we reported that Mutasim Ali, executive director of NIFC-Supported ARDC, and also an African asylum seeker, was sent to the Holot detention facility. He has now been held there for three weeks, but a new Supreme Court ruling offers some hope for Ali and other asylum seekers. Following a petition filed by Ali, NIFC-supported Hotline for Refugees and Migrants and other NGOs, the Supreme Court called on the Ministry of Interior to hold a hearing for each asylum seeker before issuing a summons to detention. The original petition had been rejected in the district court.
Asylum seekers are being sent for indefinite detention at Holot without being given the opportunity to present their personal case or be represented by an attorney. Around 1,800 people are currently held at the detention facility. They are technically allowed to come and go, but they are required to report for roll call three times a day, or they are sent to prison.
In his ruling, Justice Fogelman said, “There is no separate administrative process for refugees; there is one administrative law for all.”
In addition, the Supreme Court ordered the Ministry of Interior to hold a hearing in which Ali can be represented by a lawyer and present his case. Ali said: “I am pleased with the court’s decision because the most important thing is that the administrative procedure for issuing these summonses will change. My case represents everybody.”
Adv. Assaf Weitzen, representing Hotline for Refugees and Migrants, added: “Holot is no place to send anyone, no matter what the administrative procedure is, and certainly not people like Ali. But in any case, the court’s offer will give people access to legal representation before a decision is made, and allow them to present their case. This would be a reasonable administrative procedure, applied to enforce an unreasonable law. However, it’s a shame that the court didn’t give enough consideration for the people already sent to Holot without this reasonable process.”
The government formally and unanimously endorsed Sunday a plan to ensure greater employment of women in the upper ranks of the public service and to narrow wage disparities between men and women in the public service.
The plan was sponsored by Culture and Sports Minister and head of the Ministers Committee for the Advancement of Women Limor Livnat.
The plan offers a roadmap towards a more equitable and just workforce in Israel: It addresses equal representation of women in senior positions, mandates government offices to ensure equal pay and to proactively take steps against wage gaps, including setting annual objectives in the field, institutionalizing flexible work hours, allowing for telecommuting of senior staff, conducting gendered analysis of job descriptions and responsibilities, holding training and awareness raising programs and more.
The plan is based on recommendations of a public committee that was convened eight months ago to explore ways to enable women to advance in public-sector jobs. The committee, to which the Project submitted a detailed policy paper and recommendations, was established exactly one year ago, after the Project’s involvement led Minister Livnat to oppose a reform in the public sector because it did not address gender equality in general and wage gaps between men and women in particular. The Project’s recommendations were consequently adopted in full.
“Besides the achievement itself we have seen a remarkable example of what civil-society organizations can achieve through collaboration, and we in the project will continue to monitor and ensure full implementation of the recommendations,” says project director Tamar Adelstein-Zekbach.
In addition to the aforementioned cabinet decision, the project’s other accomplishments to date include:
• Shatil’s work combating gender-based wage disparities led to the enactment of a new amendment passed by the Knesset this past March requiring certain employers (including public companies, NGOs, and other bodies) to publish the wages and salary components of women separately from those of men thereby enabling better assessment, monitoring and action against wage gaps.
• Shatil’s media outreach resulted in more than 50 media items and exposed thousands of people to information on gender-based wage gaps. The important discussions and working relations they developed with key journalists are influencing both the quantity and the quality of media coverage of the issue.
• Progress has been achieved in urging employers to take steps to improve and/or adopt organizational policies aimed at equalizing wages. Three major public institutions with potential to serve as a model for others and with a total of more than 15,000 employees, agreed to undergo holistic equal pay interventions.
• Shatil has produced and launched a computerized equal pay platform helping employers to identify, assess and evaluate gender-based wage gaps in their organizations.
Funded by the European Union, Equal Pay is a joint project of Shatil, the Israeli Women’s Network, the Adva Center and the government’s Equal Employment Opportunities Commission.
New Gedera City Council Member Yuvi Tashome, elected after eight years of community activism, says that as a result of the NIFC-funded Shatil training she attended this spring, she’s planning a collaboration with people with whom she doesn’t agree.
“It was practical, for me,” says Tashome, “not just talking.”
Ruth Lapidot, a new city council member in Binyamina/Givat Ada, went into the training thinking about how to serve her constituents, asking, “How can we return to them the feeling that they can influence their lives?”
“The training gave me a lot of strength,” says Lapidot. “Till today, the political world scared me. Through Shatil, I saw that there are good people here.”
Shatil’s “Step up: Elected Officials can Influence Cities” training was designed to give council members the tools and knowledge to do their jobs more effectively. Shatil Associate Director Naomi Schacter says, “If you decide you want to get involved, that doesn’t mean you have the skills to do so. This is a way of making the ideas, skills, and networks more widely accessible.”
Many of the most critical issues adversely affecting the vibrancy of Israeli democracy can more readily be addressed at the local level: discrimination against minorities and women, violation of religious freedoms, limited political representation of marginalized groups, centralization of power and resources and much more. Ultimately, Shatil hopes the “Step Up” training will support leaders in tackling these issues in their own communities and eventually uniting for national impact.
Tashome is opening a volunteer project in collaboration with Kol Zchut (All Rights) a volunteer-built online encyclopedia about rights and entitlements in Israel that she encountered at the training. She hopes the volunteer project will grow into “a center where citizens can learn about their rights and how to fully realize them.” To build her project with Kol Zchut, she’ll be collaborating with people from across the political spectrum.
One of the projects Lapidot was inspired to help initiate after the training was the first local citizen-planned Shavuot celebration in Givat Ada in many years. “It was a huge success,” says Lapidot. “It generated local pride, and showed people they can do things.” Lapidot has plans to open a citizen’s hotline, and to work on the status of women and environmental issues.
In six four-hour sessions, the training covered topics like budgeting, fundraising, municipal council work processes, how to increase citizen participation and getting one’s legal rights respected by municipal and national government. Participants were introduced to experts on issue areas in which they might wish to engage, and they discussed how to cultivate meaningful and lasting partnerships with NGOs, philanthropic organizations, and other municipalities.
Shatil Project Coordinator Eran Klein, who conducted the training, says it represents “the beginning of a different kind of work” for Shatil, which has recently started focusing on municipal democracy. Since the first training was in the center of the country, Shatil will be repeating it at locations in the north and the south in coming months.
Get ready, Canada! This is the season for thought-provoking events on social change in Israel. New Israel Fund of Canada is bringing superb speakers from Israel to major cities across Canada so you can speak person-to-person with some of the most groundbreaking agents of change in Israel today.
As New Israel Fund of Canada continues its outreach nationwide, we grow stronger by the thousands of supporters sharing a love of Israel and a hope for its future. What supporters tell me as I travel across Canada is their desire to understand more deeply the realities in Israel. Ideally, testimonials would come directly from Israelis themselves. When we can (and we’re doing it more and more), we proudly host Israeli community leaders in Canada. Year after year, what we have and will continue to do is to directly support efforts we strongly believe are improving the lives of Israelis every day.
Our upcoming event, “Breakthrough”, presents the leader of a pioneering community building initiative and a foremost Arab-Israeli educator speaking on transformative models of change. We are proud to bring Itamar Hamiel of Mahapach-Taghir and Mohammad Darawshe of the Givat Haviva Institute to Canada on June 8, 9, and 10th.
NIFC-funded Mahapach-Taghir immerses itself within marginalized communities across Israel and jump starts its residents to build a brighter future for themselves. Few efforts parallel Itamar’s organization, one that works with Bedouins, new Russian immigrants, Ethiopians, Haredim, and Arab-Israelis across Israel. Itamar has witnessed the transformation of destitute villagers into leaders of their communities.
Register NOW for engagements in Montreal, Toronto, and Vancouver.
The bookend to the summer comes on September 14-17 when New Israel Fund of Canada brings Ari Shavit, bestselling author of My Promised Land: The Triumph and Tragedy of Israel. Shavit will be joined in Toronto by Member of Knesset Merav Michaeli and The Forward Editor-at-Large JJ Goldberg. Together, our speakers possess the perspective to discuss:
Where does equality live in Israel?
What do Canadians need to know about progress within Israel?
What will likely be the transformative change we can anticipate for Israel’s residents in the next 18 months?
Stay tuned for additional speaker announcements and registration for our fourth annual Symposium.
I read this May newsletter as a snapshot of what your contribution means – bringing Canadians face-to-face with some of the most groundbreaking individuals leading progress in Israel and supporting the efforts that happen on the ground in Israel bringing about that progress right now.
Israel’s government announced recently that it will allocate one billion Shekels to assist Holocaust survivors. But NIFC- funded Shatil insists much more can be done – specifically in terms of providing more public housing to survivors.
To raise public awareness and to persuade the government, Shatil launched a media blitz in the days surrounding Yom Hashoah about the critical housing problem faced by Israel’s aging — and often needy — Holocaust survivors.
“Too many survivors must spend the vast majority of their money on rent, leaving insufficient funds to for food and medicine,” said Shatil media expert, Danny Gigi.
Shatil arranged for Gita Koifman, head of a Holocaust survivor advocacy group and a survivor herself, to appear on a popular Channel Two morning talk show to debate this issue with Minister of Pensioner Affairs Uri Orbach. Lev Eran, a Shatil community organizer, discussed the issue on Israeli radio. Shatil consultant Nadia Aizner helped create a news piece on RTVI, an important Israeli Russian news channel, and authored a number of editorials about public housing for Relevant Info, a progressive Russian blog.
“This is a problem that must be solved,” said Gigi. “Raising public awareness is one step toward that goal.”
In the spirit of freedom that characterizes the holiday, NIF was one of the sponsors of a special Seder held just outside Holot Detention Facility in the Western Negev, where African refugees are now incarcerated. The participants included hundreds of detainees, their compatriots from the rest of the country, and a large number of Israeli activists.
Around 1,800 people are currently held at Holot. They are technically allowed to come and go, but they are required to report for roll call three times a day, or they are sent to prison.
A special Seder for the African community has taken place every year since 2007; this was the first time it has been held at one of the facilities built to detain asylum seekers. The purpose of the event was to draw parallels between the Passover story and the current experiences of Africans seeking asylum in Israel.
Musa Abdulaye, a board member of the African Refugee Development Center (ARDC), said: “Passover commemorates the Jews’ escape from a dictator. We decided to do this event in Holot to remind them what happened; people who went through the same thing are being put in prison and labeled as criminals. If we keep pushing this, then the Supreme Court will repeal this law and release these Africans. It’s important to show solidarity with the people in prison, to show them that they’re not alone.”
The Seder featured matzah, a communal meal, music, drama performances, and speeches by Africans and Israelis.
Among the speakers was Rabbi Susan Silverman, who told the crowd that “every single person in this country who sits down to a Passover Seder has to say to themselves, ‘Am I taking care of the stranger among us right now?’ Everyone’s got to look around and see what we are doing with the strangers in our own country.”
Jack, an asylum seeker from Darfur who has spent two months in Holot, said: “Life here is unimaginable. We live in a prison. It will take us five hours to get back in after this. The Seder is spiritual. It’s good that people are becoming aware and are getting involved. They need to learn that we’re good people.”
Another speaker was Mutasim Ali, executive director of ARDC, who came to Israel five years ago. “We’ve brought Israelis here so they can hear the stories,” he said. “Only Israelis can change the policy. They have to understand why people escaped.”
Ali himself has been ordered to report to Holot on May 5th, and a hearing against the legality of his being jailed without a hearing and without explanation will be held later in May.
In response, Ali said: “I know that the policy of the government is to place Eritreans and Sudanese in prison, but it’s not fair that they send people to prison and don’t allow them to present their [asylum] claims. Our problem is not just with Holot, but with the entire policy of the state toward refugees. I will accept what the court decides, but I still have hope that things will change.”
Ali is being represented in his appeal by ARDC and the Hotline for Refugees and Migrants. In addition, in response to a petition by a number of NIF human rights grantees, the Supreme Court will rule later this year on the legality of the broader policy of sending asylum seekers to Holot.
This past winter, NIFC-supported Shatil shared strategies from its Shared Society program and learned from the experience of activists from around the world at the International Forum for Cities in Transition (FCT) in Kaduna, Nigeria, a region of six million where inter-communal conflict between Christians and Muslims has killed thousands.
Fathi Marshood, director of Shatil’s Haifa branch, Dror Eytan, a Shatil organizational consultant and two Haifa municipality officials met with participants who, due to political realities, would never have had the opportunity to encounter Israelis — including delegates from Lebanon and Iraq. Representatives from Ireland, Kosovo, Bosnia, Cyprus, Jerusalem and several non member African countries also attended.
Marshood said the Kaduna activists were thrilled to host the conference, as were the government officials and tribal leaders in attendance. Because of actions of the Islamist terrorist group Boko Haram, the entire delegation was not allowed to leave the hotel without a police escort.
Marshood said Shatil’s successful experience in building a strong network of activists and municipal officials working together to build a shared society in Haifa was instructive to NGOs that have less experience in soliciting local government support. The Haifa delegates also shared the strategy of focusing on economic problems in the city and the region through such initiatives as “Galilee Together,” which promotes cooperation between the business and public sectors in northern Israel.
Nigerian Conference“In addition to the benefits on the ground, beginning by working together on practical problems like ecological and economic issues helps to build trust so when you discuss more difficult issues, like differing historical narratives, you do so from a different perspective,” said Eytan.
The dialogue will continue in the spring, when women activists from Kaduna will visit Haifa to participate in Shatil-organized workshops on women’s rights and empowerment.
Trained as an urban planner, I can attest to the importance of whole-scale change to address a social or environmental issue. Addressing housing discrimination, for instance, requires research exhibiting block-by-block racial bias in tenant selection; media coverage; policies addressing selection criteria and “redlining”; and public advocates to see that anti-discrimination laws are actually implemented. While a single initiative can be the pivotal domino that topples all the others down, it often takes cooperation across several fields and interests to see a civil rights change through to completion.
This month’s stories are cases in point:
A woman in Israel today faces serious challenges if her request to divorce is rejected by her husband. Societal structures are set firmly in place – from judicial law to community mores – to perpetuate her struggle for a fair and timely divorce and, beyond that, equitable rulings on child custody and support.
Read how a campaign that extended from lay activists to rabbis is reshaping the mold for Israeli divorce.
Security checks at Israel’s Ben Gurion International Airport have consistently profiled Israeli-Arabs and Palestinian travelers regardless of perception of threat. This is a practice even airport authorities admit to.
In the process, mothers are separated from their children for questioning; possessions are confiscated for searches; and body-searches are typical.
As this month’s article details, a victory against racial profiling was only the first step in changing reality.
The New Israel Fund of Canada purposely focuses on four impact areas to achieve is mission of equality in Israel. Together, projects fighting for economic justice, women’s rights, civil and human rights, and religious pluralism are behind the widespread progress we’ve seen over our nearly 30 years working in Israel. We need everyone – from rabbis to legislators, from activists to teachers – to work with us. And, because of this, we undertake grassroots efforts within every corner of Israeli society.
In the run-up to International Agunah Day, the Tzohar organization announced that all of its rabbis will now require a couple to sign a pre-nuptial agreement, so as to prevent agunot (chained wives) and get (a Jewish divorce) refusal. At the same time, Beit Hillel, which was founded in 2012 to counter religious extremism and bridge the secular-religious divide, is planning on distributing new proposals on how to reduce the number of agunot in Israel. NIF grantee ICAR (The International Coalition for Agunah Rights) has been campaigning on this issue for the last ten years.
In response to these developments, Robyn Shames, the Executive Director of ICAR, said: “Rabbis are finally taking responsibility for this issue and are not leaving this only to the activists. However, there is still a need for a systemic solution, as prenuptials do not cover all of the problems, especially that of the classic aguna [whose husband has disappeared or is unable to give a get]. This is the first step in the right direction.”
ICAR, a coalition of 27 advocacy groups, has drafted 15 suggestions for new legislation on agunot. Representatives will be presenting them to the Knesset’s Committee on Women in May. One of the proposed laws would stop the “race of jurisdiction,” in which whomever gets to the court first with a divorce request acquires sole jurisdiction. Religious courts tend to favor the husband much more than secular courts, and many husbands file there as quickly as possible for that reason.
ICAR is also campaigning to open up the position of rabbinical court administrator, a position which does not have to be filled by an Orthodox rabbi, to women. Robyn Shames said: “We are very active in trying to get the best rabbinical court judges appointed. We strongly believe that if the right people will sit there, 85% if not more of these cases will be solved.”
Following a petition by flagship NIFC-funded the Association for Civil Rights in Israel (ACRI) and women’s group Itach-Maki, the Supreme Court has ordered the state to ensure that women and Arabs are fairly represented on the Israel Land Authority (ILA) Council. Since 2009, this committee has been overwhelmingly dominated by Jewish men. Judge Asher Gronish ruled that “the lack of representation of Arab citizens and the under-representation of women is unacceptable.”
The petition, which was filed in 2010, demands the appointment of women and Arabs as permanent members of the ILA Council at a ratio that ensures fair representation of these populations. The ILA controls 93% of the land in Israel, and has huge input into land use decisions. There is only one woman, the director-general of the Ministry of Justice, and no Arabs currently serving on the ten-member Council.
Itach-Maaki attorney Anat Tahon-Ashkenazi said: “The Israel Lands Authority is one of the most powerful public bodies in the country, and the decisions of its governing council have a direct bearing on our lives – whether on issues of planning, housing costs, or even our health. In the management of a body like this, there must include representation of the entire population and the different interests within it.”
ACRI attorney Auni Banna, who represented the petitioners, added: “It appears the Justices also reasoned that consenting to the state’s attempts to avoid its obligations would create an opening for systematic violation of the law and perpetuate the exclusion of minority and disadvantaged groups from decision-making centers.”
A report by NIFC-funded Adva Center uncovered apparent discrimination in Israel’s salary structure. According to the findings, Ashkenazi Jews earn significantly more than Mizrachim, while Arabs earn even less on average. Ashkenazim earned 42% more than the average urban worker in 2012, while Mizrachim earned only 9% more than the average, which still represents an improvement. Arabs earned 34% below the average, continuing the decrease in their average salaries from previous years.
Ariane Ophir, a research assistant at the Adva Center, said: “The gap between Ashkenazim and Mizrachim is explained by different educational levels and occupations, but also by discrimination and different opportunities and starting points of each ethnic group in the Israeli labor force.”
According to the study, “Inequality is recognized around the world as a social and economic threat. Not so in Israel. Here, the government chooses to deal – or more accurately, not to deal – [with inequality] through commissions targeting pinpoint issues: the Trajtenberg Committee [on the high cost of living], the committee on economic concentration, or the committee for the war on poverty . . . inequality is a macro-economic and macro-social issue that must be dealt with through highest-level governmental and economic [policy].”
In 2012, the average woman’s monthly wage was only 66% of a man’s, although that is partially explained by the fact that women are more likely to work part-time or in temporary jobs. On an hourly basis, they earned 84.9% of what men did.
Last week, a law forcing government authorities to publish detailed reports on gendered wage gaps passed its second and third reading. According to the law, managers will be required to analyze their salary data by gender, and to act upon the results.
“As a teacher, I teach my students the subjects they need to learn. As a human being, I educate them towards acceptance, compassion, and tolerance – not just for the other but for themselves and for the diverse society in which they live.” -SHATIL anti-racism campaign poster.
To mark International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination on March 21st, NIFC-funded SHATIL and eight partnering civil society organizations collaborated on an online campaign that reached thousands of Israelis. Premised on the power of education to create change, the campaign focused on raising awareness and encouraging teachers throughout the country to tackle the issue of racism in their classrooms.
According to a recent SHATIL-commissioned survey, 95% of Israelis see racism as a problem; 80% believe there is racism toward Ethiopian immigrants; and more than two-thirds say there is racism towards Arabs. Seventy percent feel the government doesn’t do enough to combat racism. And 19% said the government encourages racism. Most respondents said that education is the way to address the problem, and that the Ministry of Education should take the lead.
The committed partners in this effort: Tebeka, Achoti, the Israeli Democratic Rainbow, the Israel Association for Ethiopian Jews; the Association for Civil Rights in Israel (ACRI); Morashteinu; Tag Meir; the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung and the Coalition against Racism.
Materials distributed by the campaign included ideas for activities for students from kindergarten through high school, items for classroom use, background articles, and posters telling the stories of eight different communities’ experiences of racism. Additionally, a website with tools and materials for teachers to use (which remains online for teachers’ use) was posted in Hebrew, Arabic, Russian, and Amharic.
The Coalition against Racism, coordinated the advocacy elements of the campaign, including a Knesset conference about the role of education in reducing racism.
The campaign was initiated by SHATIL and eight organizations that work against racism and in education, but which had not previously collaborated.
“The joint campaign against racism is a fine example of the power of professional collaboration between social change organizations,” said SHATIL Program Director, Avi Dabush.
The survey received wide media coverage both within Israel and abroad.
The Racism Day campaign launched SHATIL’s renewed efforts to reduce racism in Israel, including a training on leadership and countering racism for Ethiopian-Israeli activists, providing newly elected Ethiopian municipal officials with the tools and skills needed to work effectively on issues of prime importance to their community, and intensive guidance to anti-racism groups such as the NIF-supported Tag Meir coalition, and others.
Since March 9th, Ben Gurion Airport has been running a new, automated system for checking passengers’ bags. This follows the filing of a legal petition by NIFC-funded grantee the Association for Civil Rights in Israel (ACRI) in 2007 challenging Israeli security agency Shin Bet, the Israel Airports Authority, and the Transportation Ministry to end the discriminatory practice of subjecting all Arab travelers to special security checks.
In the years since the petition was filed, reforms had been avoided, with the authorities claiming that the profiling of passengers was necessary, and that they lacked the resources to treat all passengers equally.
Now Israeli-Arab and Palestinian travelers have reported some positive changes to ACRI: they haven’t been asked invasive and aggressive personal questions, their possessions haven’t been taken from them to be searched, and they haven’t been separated from other passengers and body-searched.
ACRI is encouraged by these developments. At the same time, the group does not intend to withdraw the legal petition until further changes are made. Attorney Auni Banna explained: “Questions remain about other ‘search stations’ during the [security] check – the interrogation, the body search – before the flight, but also on return to Israel, after landing.”
Follow a gripping issue in the National section of your newspaper and you’re apt to ask, as I do: How does change happen? Who makes those decisions that then have seismic impact on society?
Case in point: With the backing of a corporate foundation, university researchers chronicle the homeless population of a major urban centre. Instigated by attention from local press and activists, the City Council budgets funding for a long-term labour and housing policy that had been stalled for years. A not-for-profit then spearheads the implementation, a private-public partnership between the municipality and local developers.
What triggered this domino effect? What long-term planning led to a seemingly rapid whirlwind of progress?
What New Israel Fund of Canada demonstrates – what its fundamental methodology is based on, in fact – is the impact of a multi-pronged campaign focused on societal change. In the event of a crisis, NIFC is there with emergency aid. Over the course of three decades, NIFC fights battles incrementally for long-term change to take effect.
Take the articles in this month’s newsletter. They reflect the spectrum of initiatives behind long-term change in a complex society.
First-hand, Oscar Olivier has witnessed the plight of refugees in Israel. Change takes place at the street level, where Olivier gives voice to the prejudice that today’s refugees suffer from.
Following a long legal battle, the children of migrant workers will now be granted legal status in Israel. The case ends years of limbo for children growing up in Israel. Legal advocates, policymakers, funders like NIF, and the press all helped to make this a reality.
It took a petition to the Supreme Court (as well as an effective rally among North American rabbis spearheaded by NIF) to transform the landscape of city rabbis in Israel. A subtle change in the way that social welfare payments are made to recipients may lead to a ripple effect on domestic violence and women’s economic independence in Israel. Two discrete changes in policy that may snowball into wider change for religious pluralism and economic justice in Israel.
You’ll see from just this month’s articles and from the events scheduled in Toronto and Vancouver that change is measured in different ways. Examined together and over time, individual shifts – in perception, in policy, in implementation – can indeed have seismic impact on society.
Over nearly thirty years, NIFC is part of this change and its transformation of Israeli society.
Following a long struggle by the Hotline for Refugees and Migrants and Israeli Children, the Minister of Interior announced that 221 children of migrant workers will receive legal status to stay in Israel. Aged 8-23, most of these children were born in Israel and they all study or studied in the Israeli educational system.
In August 2010, the government decided to grant legal status to migrant children who met the following conditions: their parents entered the country legally; they were educated in Israeli schools; they had been in the country for at least five consecutive years; and they spoke Hebrew.
Following this decision, the Interior Ministry received 700 applications for residency permits. The ministry approved around 350 requests and turned down about 100. The rest were left in limbo. When a family’s request for legal status was rejected, the Hotline for Refugees and Migrants and Israeli Children appealed the decision. “In my decision I took into account the major delay in dealing with the applications of the children who have grown up here and are, in fact, Israeli,” said Minister Saar.
Rotem Ilan of Israeli Children said: “Ever since the government’s 2010 decision, these children have lived in continuous uncertainty and trepidation. Now, after a four year struggle, they are finally legal residents in the country they were born into, which has become their only home.”
Galit Torpor, aged 20, whose parents came from Ghana and who will receive residency as a result of the decision, said: “I’m really glad that this struggle is over. I go around smiling! For children like me, aged 16 and above, this can be really significant. We need an identity card to do many things in our lives and when we don’t have it, it’s very frustrating.”
The Hotline for Refugees and Migrants and Israeli Children will now begin the process of helping the families obtain all the documents the Ministry of Interior requires in order to grant legal status.
Following a long struggle by NIFC- supported Itach-Maki (Women Lawyers for Social Justice), the ministerial committee passed a law which will reduce women’s financial reliance on their husbands.
According to the law, which was promoted by MKs Dr. Aliza Lavie (Yesh Atid) and Dov Khenin (Hadash), social welfare payments will now be transferred to a couple’s shared account instead of to the man’s account. The hope is that this will increase the economic independence of vulnerable women, and will be particularly vital in the case of abusive relationships.
Itach-Maki Director Keren Shemesh-Perlmutter said: “Economic violence against women is a major problem that hasn’t been sufficiently confronted on a legal level. This change creates a precedent, and we hope that in the coming years there will be more advances in the field.”
Itach-Maki aims to create social change by using the law to address the needs and rights of women from the social, economic, and geographic periphery of Israel.
The words “refugees” and “South Tel Aviv” bring to mind poverty, racism and violence. But Congolese asylum-seeker Oscar Olivier, together with African and veteran Israeli neighborhood residents, is changing that reality. With the help of NIFC-supported Achoti, the African Refugee Development Center, NIF and Shatil, they formed Power to the Community, a mixed group that aims to tackle neighborhood problems together. new Israel Fund of Canada is prous to back Power to the Community as one of its 2014 projects.
“We did a wonderful training with Shatil, in which we identified our common interests,” says Oscar, 46, who speaks fluent Hebrew and is the father of a 10-year-old sabra. “We started with security. People are afraid to going out.” The group organizes joint neighborhood patrols and advocates for greater police presence, better lighting and an end to what they see as the municipality’s neglect of the neighborhood. With the proceeds of a community market, the group helps residents in dire need, such as an Israeli woman who was evicted from her home.
“When we started, Israelis called Africans infiltrators. Today you have Israelis who call Africans by their names,” says Oscar.
Oscar reached activists from around the country with his message of dialogue and cooperation at Shatil’s Strategies for Combating Racism Conference, and became a spokesperson for the tens of thousands of protesters who took to the streets in early 2014 to ask the government to respect its international commitments to refugees.
Following a petition to the Supreme Court by NIFC-supported Ne’emanei Torah Va’Avodah, the Religious Services Ministry will change the manner in which city rabbis are chosen.
According to the new law, the rabbis will be chosen by an elected assembly. Half of this assembly will be made up of representatives from each party with seats in the municipal council (proportionate to their size); one quarter from the fields of education, business, and religious institutions; and another quarter from synagogue representatives.
For the first time there will be no place for members of the religious council. In addition, at least 31% of the representatives will be women.
According to Ne’emanei Torah Va’Avodah CEO Shmuel Shetach: “The participation of representatives of the residents and women… in the election for city rabbis will result in the election of moderate and open-minded city rabbis…who will understand that they are emissaries of all the residents of the city, and not just of one or another sector or of this or that party.”
A commitment to social and economic justice means setting the foundations for long-term change as well as seizing opportunities at critical junctures.
New Israel Fund of Canada’s approach to social and economic justice as well as our other impact areas – women’s rights, civil and human rights, and religious pluralism – does just that.
This month’s newsletter offers three powerful case studies.
Till now, the mostly-Arab residents of Lod, southeast of Tel Aviv, have been disconnected from the national electricity grid. To power their homes, they’ve resorted to dangerous and illegal means. Check out the precedent-setting plan that will improve Arab residents’ lives.
Read about a type of immigrant integration that is surely a best practice well outside of Israeli society. Thanks to intimate knowledge of societal needs in Israel, NIFC is setting down long-term roots to improve the lives of Russian immigrants. SHATIL, our partner in social change, has succeeded in creating a vital tool for greater integration in Israel.
Lastly, link to a recent victory that will affect a full one-third of Israel’s population who live below the poverty line. After 16 years on the books, a critical law will finally be implemented.
Responding to needs as soon as they arrive plus setting the groundwork for long-term change – these are integral approaches to achieve social and economic justice. Thanks to our donors for supporting New Israel Fund of Canada in these efforts.
It’s 2014, and Israel is considered a Western country. But thousands of Lod residents have been using dangerous, makeshift ways of getting electricity into their homes.
After a rare collaboration between recently elected mayor Yair Revivo, opposition city council members, activists and residents, they will finally join the rest of the country in connecting to the national electricity grid.
Accompanied by the activists and city council members, Revivo announced at a January Knesset Finance Committee meeting that he would work to connect unrecognized Arab neighborhoods in Lod to the electric grid as soon as possible.
NIFC- funded SHATIL Lod Housing Rights Project Director Abed Shehade, who has been working with neighborhood activists, welcomed the mayor’s precedent-setting decision. “This joint effort is an important step that demonstrates an awareness of the needs of the Arab residents of Lod,” he said. “We will do our utmost to assist the city to advance the legalization of the city’s Arab neighborhoods and to speed up their connection to electricity.”
The neighborhoods are unrecognized and unplanned. Residents cannot obtain building permits and there is an abundance of unauthorized building. These buildings are then subject to demolition. A new plan is being developed, recognizing the neighborhoods. However, until then approximately half of the 19,000 Arab residents of Lod live in “illegal” buildings and 2,600 housing units are still slated for demolition. Mayor Revivo’s decision is a major step forward toward legalizing the status of the neighborhoods and enabling Arab residents to be full and equal citizens of Lod.
At the Knesset, Revivo said, “We have a historic opportunity to right an injustice that was done to the city and to the Arab sector. We have to look the Arab public in the eye and say, ‘You are right, there have been years of injustice!’ ” Finance Committee head Professor Avishai Braverman promised the Knesset would back Revivo and find the funds to legalize the neighborhoods.
The changes in Lod are also reflected in the word of opposition city council member Maha El-Nakib who said: “This is the first time the Arab city council members have come to the Knesset with the municipality. In the past, the municipality was always against us.”
SHATIL has been working on housing and planning rights in Lod for the past decade, and is currently helping Arab and vulnerable Jewish residents make an impact on the city’s new plan.This work has helped bring about a pause in the home demolitions and has mobilized residents. The fact that Revivo, a member of the Likud party, would choose to advance this issue is a testament to how “mainstream” the issue has become.
These neighborhoods lack paved streets and sidewalks, public transportation and playgrounds, postal service and garbage. These matters have yet to be resolved.
Thousands of Israelis will be able to take a critical step out of the poverty chain thanks to the efforts of the NIFC- funded SHATIL-led Public Housing Forum.
After several years in deep freeze, Israel’s Public Housing Law, passed in 1998, will now be implemented again due to the Forum’s intensive work.
“Israel’s public housing law is social legislation of the first order,” said SHATIL policy expert, Danny Gigi. “One third of Israelis live below the poverty line and families spend more money on housing than anything else. Implementation of the Public Housing Law will help thousands of Israelis who have difficulty meeting basic needs like food, medicine and housing and will significantly reduce intergenerational poverty in the country.”
For the past several years, the government did not implement the law requiring it to sell public housing residents their apartments at a subsidized price after five years. In addition, the nearly NIS 2.7 billion the government received from previously sold apartments mysteriously disappeared. The law stipulates that the funds be used for building additional public housing units. Instead, the funds covered other government expenses – and those expenses are shrouded in mystery.
“The Forum for Public Housing will continue to fight for those billions that belong to the people who need them for their survival,” said Gigi.
The renewed implementation of the law was accomplished largely through the efforts of Yisrael Beitanu MK Orly Levy-Abekasis. Backed by the Public Housing Forum, she brought the issue of the Public Housing Law to the attention of the Knesset, including the Children’s, Immigrants and Welfare Committees. SHATIL’s Russian media specialist, Nadia Aizner, published articles about Levy-Abekasis’ campaign in Israel’s Russian-language media. As a result, the Russian community’s increased awareness bolstered Levy-Abekasis and Yisrael Beiteinu’s position on the issue, pressuring the government to act.
In December, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu asked Finance Minister Yair Lapid to enforce the law, and by January, the government announced its implementation and the selling of public housing recommenced.
Much work remains. The government has also given subsidized apartments to nonprofit organizations, synagogues and other bodies that were not entitled to them, which added to the bottleneck of needy people waiting for housing. The Public Housing Forum is fighting to get the government to change this practice.
In addition, it is working for enforcement of a stipulation in the law that requires the government to increase the number of public housing units. These efforts, in addition to recovering the lost funds, are vitally important as funds are needed to build additional public housing apartments.
On December 19th, NIFC-funded SHATIL launched a new Russian-Speaking Experts Bank that is already bringing new professional Russian voices and expertise to the Russian and Hebrew media.
The Experts Bank was created in response to a need to widen the discourse in the Russian media — and on the Russian street in Israel – to include voices of democracy, rights, social justice and a shared society. The Bank will also bring a greater diversity of Russian voices to the Hebrew media on general issues (not specific to the Former Soviet Union [FSU] community) as well.
SHATIL chose 70 experts from among hundreds of candidates and will gradually add more experts. Their areas of expertise — along with contact information, photos, activities and education — appear in Russian and Hebrew in an online data base in which journalists can find interviewees, analysts and responders at the click of a mouse.
“There are one million Russian-speakers in Israel but we don’t often see them represented on Hebrew language television or newspapers,” says Rachel Shapiro who has a doctorate in education and is happy to be represented in the Experts Bank. “This important initiative will change that situation and will also provide experts on a variety of issues to the Russian language media in Israel.”
At the festive launch, Bar Ilan University sociology professor Larisa Remennick provided the 70 journalists, experts and activists with an overview of the FSU community’s integration experiences and influences on employment, education, culture, religion, the media and more. Panels examined issues of Jewish identity, racism, and the community’s relationship with the majority culture and with other minorities. Shatil also screened a fun presentation, “23 facts about the Russian immigration,” marking 23 years since the mass arrival of Russian immigrants.
SHATIL also uses the Experts Bank proactively. For example, after the recent suicide of a gay teenager, project coordinator Nadia Aizner offered the services of a researcher on LGBT Russian youth integration into Israeli society to the host of a prime time news show on the Russian language TV channel. The Russian media has welcomed and collaborated with the Experts Bank.
The 70 experts in democracy, education, welfare, immigration and absorption, housing, economics, employment, gender, religion and individual rights were trained by SHATIL to speak to the media. Ninety percent of them are academics, 70% are women and there is a high representation of LGBT and young people.
The launch was covered extensively in Russian language newspapers, internet sites and on the radio. In the first week, one of the experts appeared on a prime time news show on the Russian-language Channel 9.
This year, New Israel Fund of Canada’s work in Israel had the type of impact we could only dream of. Extraordinary progress from our signature projects. Confidence in the future from fledgling initiatives. Together, we have worked successfully to further democracy and equality in Israel.
On behalf of Israelis benefiting from our projects, I want to thank you for your support.
Several times a year, I interact with those community organizers who help to implement our projects in Israel. This is my opportunity to share with you specific instances where your support has made a difference.
The following reflects real work taking place on the ground right now.
• A college course for Israelis with disabilities inspired a social venture incubator where participants with disabilities implemented new community programs.
• A Russian immigrant congregation in Haifa partnered with an Arab-Jewish community center on events, classes, and projects to promote tolerance.
• The first members of their families to enter college, young Arab women returned to their villages and organized high school students to renovate their school.
• Arab civics teachers in the Negev, Nazareth, and Sakhnin underwent advanced training to address racism, violence, and gender discrimination in their communities.
Here at home, New Israel Fund of Canada brought Canadians face-to-face with Israeli activists.
This year, at discussions in Ottawa, Vancouver, Montreal, Winnipeg, and Toronto as well as through a new website, annual report, and this newsletter, NIFC helped to build a community of Canadians who, because of their love for Israel, feel compelled to support its ongoing progress.
In 2013, Canadians in their 20s and 30s held intimate meetings with Knesset and NGO leaders to discuss everything from careers in social change to the Haredi military draft.
To those of you who advocate on behalf of a better Israel, I thank you.
The year is almost over and we are close to our fundraising goal. Please make a special donation now so we can continue to reach even more people in 2014.
Next year, I look forward to sharing with you new stories, impact felt here and abroad, and more opportunities for us to gather as a community in support of Israel.
Following a five-year campaign by the NIFC-funded Adva Center, which is the leading Israeli research institute analyzing issues of economic equity, Finance Minister Yair Lapid has appointed a special committee charged with examining the state budget from a gender perspective.
In Adva’s view, gender analysis of the budget process is necessary for understanding how resources are divided between women and men and whether their distribution addresses their respective needs and priorities. The budget is not just bean counting, but a strategic tool for advancing the status of women and reducing gender inequality, one that has been used effectively in other countries.
As in Canada and the U.S., Israeli women earn less than men, and they constitute a majority of those receiving income support and welfare payments. Women and men also make use of public services – education, health, public transportation, and welfare – differently. Adva Center Executive Director Barbara Swirski said: “This has real potential for increasing gender equality; not only for women as a single group but also looking at women from different communities. We hope it will help increase the number of jobs available and give women job opportunities, especially women who have more serious employment problems, for example Arab women and women over the age of 45.”
Finance Minister Yair Lapid said: “The state budget is the clearest reflection of economic priorities in Israel as a state. A gender analysis during the process of budget preparation is an important tool for promoting the status of women and reducing gender inequality in Israeli society.” The committee will commence work immediately and is expected to submit recommendations by May 2014.
More than 200 activists came together on October 29th for the sold-out Strategies for Fighting Racism Conference. The Arab-Hebrew Theater in Old Jaffa was filled to capacity; registration to the event was closed the day before due to the overwhelming response. The event brought together activists to discuss, share, and learn about the ongoing struggle against racism in Israel, including strategies for combating it.
In recent years, Israel has seen a disturbing rise in incidents of racism as well as the passage of in racist legislation and racist rhetoric by public leaders. In response, NIFC- funded SHATIL together with NIF, grantees the Coalition against Racism in Israel, the Mizrachi Democratic Rainbow, the Mossawa Center, and tens of other partners organized the conference as a launching pad for a coordinated effort to fight this phenomenon.
In her opening remarks, SHATIL Director Ronit Heyd noted that a disturbing number of racist incidents in Israel today come from politicians who are also responsible for an increase in racist legislation in the Knesset. “SHATIL and other organizations are not afraid to stand up to this legislation,” she said. Nidal Othman, of the Coalition against Racism, said that “at the end of the day, it’s the government that is responsible [for racism in Israel] – it’s the government and the Knesset that we need to change and influence.”
Dr. Werner Puschra, director of Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung Israel, one of the conference’s sponsors, noted that “a shared society requires an inclusive national idea,” meaning that in order to have a truly pluralistic, shared society, its members must buy into the idea of inclusiveness. That is a goal for which the organizers and conference participants are striving.
Shutafut-Sharakah, a forum of civil society organizations promoting a shared society for Jews and Arabs in Israel, of which SHATIL is a member, used the conference to launch their interactive real-time mapping of racist incidents, including acts of violence and vandalism. On the organization’s Hebrew language Facebook page, Israelis can post information whenever they encounter racism in Israel, such as racist graffiti.
Speaking on behalf of the Russian community, Eddie Zhensker pointed out the irony that while “Israelis love Aliyah [immigration], they don’t always like the olim [immigrants]. “Zhensker was one of six speakers — members of Israel’s Mizrachi, Russian, Ethiopian, Arab, African refugee, and Haredi communities – who shared their personal experiences with racism in Ted-talk style talks. SHATIL-led pre-conference training for the speakers resulted in powerful and moving presentations.
“The walls we build to protect ourselves eventually become our prisons,” said New Israel Fund’s Pazit Adani, arguing that racism is a product of fear of the other. “The idea of combating racism in Israel is a relatively new one and developing the tools to fight it is still a work in progress.” Opportunities for activists to meet in forums like this are a step in the right direction.
As part of its efforts to equalize wage gaps between women and men in Israel, NIFC- funded SHATIL has declared 2014, which marks the 50th anniversary of Israel’s underused Equal Pay Law, as “Equal Pay Year”.
Despite the legislation on the books, women still earn an average of 34% less than men doing equal work. SHATIL’s Equal Pay project, in partnership with the Israel Women’s Network (IWN), the Adva Center, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), is attempting to narrow the pay gap between women and men by working with employers and advocating for policy change.
Two amendments to existing laws advocated by the three-year EU-funded project and sponsored by MK Aliza Lavi, chair of the Knesset Committee on the Status of Women, passed a preliminary reading in the Knesset last week.
The first amendment will enable women who are paid less than men to be compensated for the very fact of gender-based discrimination and not only for the financial damages suffered. It will also enable women’s and workers’ advocacy groups to receive relevant data from employers. Currently, only the employee can ask for wage information, which prevents many women from filing complaints for fear of being fired. The second amendment focuses on greater wage transparency.
As a first step in raising awareness about the issue, SHATIL and its partners released an upbeat video clip (in Hebrew) featuring government ministers and MKs from across the political spectrum voicing their support for equal pay. “The importance of the law is not in doubt, but a large part of the public generally does not know its existence,” Livnat told Ynet, which featured the film clip on its home page. “I’m sure [the project] Equal Pay will help raise the issue on the public agenda…and help it to be enforced and will expose many women to the rights that are legally theirs.”
A successful grassroots campaign will prevent the closure of the historic Inbal Cultural Center in Tel Aviv. Due to funding criteria established by the Ministry of Culture, the Center, which is devoted to Mizrachi dance and performance art, was under threat of having its budget removed.
The Coalition for the Equal Distribution of Cultural Funds in Israel (‘Heart in the East’ coalition) organized a petition and letter-writing campaign which was publicized on NIF social networks, and led to the Ministry of Culture reversing their decision. Discrimination in cultural funding in Israel is a major issue; for example, only five percent of the NIS55,900,000 culture budget goes to Mizrachi music.
The Inbal Center is a unique Israeli cultural institution which stages thousands of performances a year. “Cultural institutions that depend on government funding can’t suddenly be left without a budget,” said Ofer Amsalam, the director of the Ashkelon Andalusian Orchestra, one of the members of the Heart in the East’ Coalition. “The Ministry of Welfare is now working out new criteria for funding, and the Coalition is also involved in dialogue and cooperation on this issue.”
Einstein’s Theory at Play in Israel
Israel today is an exercise in mathematics. I’m not talking about the price of cottage cheese. More like non-Euclidean geometry. In Israel, the lives of Arabs and Jews are like parallel lines on a sheet of paper. The disparity between Jewish and Arab citizens is significant with respect to employment opportunity, education, healthcare, and civil rights.
And, yet, what we know about parallel lines- thanks to Einstein’s theory of special relativity- eventually they will converge (or, more accurately, they weren’t parallel lines to begin with).
Among other findings, the 2013 Israeli Democracy Index reveals the perception of Israelis about Arab-Jewish social relations. Since 2003, the Index, supported by the Israel Democracy Institute, has surveyed a representative sample of 1,000 Israeli adults spanning age, religion, ethnicity, and geography.
Among its findings are reflections of Arabs and Jews leading parallel lives. What is also evident, however, is the hope that lies within Einstein’s theory – that these paths will eventually converge as a single society.
On a piece of paper, parallel lines are infinite and do not intersect.
The Democracy Index describes a disturbing reality among Jews and Arabs:
*A full 82% of Jewish Israelis assess Israel’s overall situation as either “good” or “so-so.” That rate drops down to 61% among Arab citizens.
*Where 83% of Jewish Israelis are proud to be Israelis, only 40% of Arab Israelis share that sentiment.
*Among all rifts challenging Israel’s multicultural society, it is the strife between Jews and Arabs that ranks strongest among those surveyed.
Indeed, the Democracy Index mirrors the issues our projects are addressing. We know through our work that distribution of health care is skewed towards Jewish villages over Arab ones, that funding per Arab student pales with that of her Jewish classmate.
Inequality stands in the way of a sustainable and thriving Israeli society. It hurts everyone.
On the earth’s surface, two lines side-by-side, in fact, do meet at the poles.
It is not with despair, however, that I have read through the Index and the progress reports from NIFC’s funding partners in Israel. The relations between Arabs and Jews are improving.
The Democracy Index also reports that:
*The percentage of Jews who support Arab emigration from Israel is steadily declining.
*In 2013 compared with just two years ago, twice as many people “strongly disagreed” that societal decisions like housing, employment, and healthcare should be made by a Jewish majority.
*Tolerance for a shared neighbourhood has jumped for both Arab and Jewish families (the percentage of Arab respondents who would live alongside Jewish families has more than tripled since 2010).
*Nearly three-quarters of Jews believe in Israel’s dual identity as both Jewish and democratic.
Transforming a 2-D paper into a 3-D sphere
In today’s Israel, activism, research, hope, and a long-term investment in social change can unite disparate groups. New Israel Fund of Canada remains committed to helping make impact in this area. How? Here are some ways:
*An investment in capacity-building among grassroots organizations by NIFC-funded Shatil in Jewish and Arab villages to ensure that local experts have the tools to address local problems.
Meaningful interaction among Arabs and Jews – frequently and towards a shared goal.
*A long-term view towards areas of impact within Israeli society, reflected in the mission and methodology of New Israel Fund of Canada.
For nearly 30 years, New Israel Fund of Canada has been behind initiatives that result in social change. Thirty years is not enough to eradicate the gap between Arab and Jew in Israel. It is enough, however, to understand that transformation is possible.
Eventually, parallel lines on a globe meet at the poles.
Bosmat Nakash and her family immigrated to Israel from Iraq just before the Six Day War. Among the changes she experienced in her new country was a more tolerant attitude toward her disability.
During pregnancy, Bosmat’s mother took medication later linked to severe birth defects, and Bosmat was born disabled. But with the support of her loving family, Bosmat graduated high school, earned a BA in Middle East and African Studies from Tel Aviv University, and climbed the ladder at the Bezeq Telecommunications Company from clerk to unit head.
In her retirement, Bosmat began what she calls “chapter two” of her life.
Bosmat is a participant of the fourth round of a pioneering course that has launched her on a new career path, enabled her to become proactive about her needs – and the needs of those in her community – and has broadened her horizons. Most of all, it changed the way she sees herself.
The course is funded by NIFC and is a joint initiative of SHATIL and the David Yellin College of Education, bringing together physically, emotionally, or mentally disabled people and special education students, training them to become activists. The sixth round of the course began this month.
Bosmat says none of the changes she experienced would have been possible without one fundamental shift: Her awareness of her own relationship to her disability changed. “The course was extraordinary,” she said. “It was experiential and it touched me deeply.”
“In the course, we had guest speakers every session and I learned from their successes,” she said. “Abbas Abbas, a blind man who founded an NGO to help other blind Arab Israelis, left a very strong impression on me. He said he had been in denial for years about his disability but then used this denial as a springboard for action. I was inspired. I realized I too had been in denial — but had been unaware of it. The course taught me to accept myself as I am. It’s a simple but profound change.”
“One of the main goals of the course is to develop an initiative that will help others. One day, three of us women were sitting together and one wrote the acronym of our three names and it came out: ‘husband.’ It clicked! We decided to develop a workshop about couples relationships for men and women with disabilities. The course facilitators helped us develop a work plan and we hope to soon begin a pilot.
“The idea for the couples relationships workshop came out of my own need. I’m 58 and I still have not found a partner in life. We know there is much need and demand for something like this.”
Meanwhile, Bosmat is continuing to work on this initiative through “A Home for the Social Entrepreneur,” set up by David Yellin for course graduates to continue the work begun during the course. Through the Home, Bosmat met social worker Nirit Rimon, who was working on initiating the same social change and disabilities course at Sapir Academic College in Sderot. Impressed with what she saw, Nirit offered Bosmat a paid position as co-facilitator of the new course – a step in a new professional direction for Bosmat.
“It was extraordinary experience,” says Bosmat at the end of the first year of the Sapir course. “We had 22 participants – 11 social work students and 11 people with special needs – and four initiatives came out of the course. Five participants are working on an initiative called “To see the Person,” aimed at getting employers to see an individual job applicant beyond his or her disability. They plan to accomplish this through a documentary film to be produced by Sapir College film students.
“I was happy to participate in leading this course because the subject – changing society’s perception of the disabled person — is so important. Accessibility is not just about ramps. It’s accessibility to life. And if it begins in the colleges, it will seep into the general population. I have no doubt that just like physical accessibility, this will catch on everywhere.”
Dozens of Arab and Jewish fans met before the opening match of Israel’s new soccer season to prepare anti-racism banners. The fans of Hapoel Tel Aviv and from the Arab city of Sakhnin also discussed the need for shared society and tolerance. The fans’ banners were prevalent in the stands as the players came onto the field wearing “Football for All” shirts in Arabic, Hebrew, and English. The players then kicked “Respect” balls, donated by the Union of European Football Associations, into the crowd.
The events were organized by NIF’s Kick It Out (KIO) campaign in partnership with the Israel Football Association (IFA) and with the support of Israeli Police and the Ministry of Sport as well as the HAADUMIM – Hapoel Tel Aviv’s Fans Association and the Bnei Sakhnin Fans Association.
The NIF campaign is currently marking 10 years of activities, during which racism in Israeli soccer has been drastically reduced. Sunday’s event also attracted significant media attention in Israel including coverage in two of Israel’s most popular websites, Y-Net and One.
Last Sunday’s event was part of a new campaign for the 2013/14 season in which KIO Israel will encourage fans themselves to take pro-active efforts to combat racism and to prepare banners to be displayed in stadiums.
As the campaign enters a new year, a new season, and its second decade, NIF hopes to continue and strengthen its impact in fighting racism and promoting joint living between Jews and Arabs, new immigrants, and veteran Israelis.
When NIFC- funded SHATIL first began its work in Haifa, its goal was not to establish a mixed city – a city of different people and identities. That already existed. Instead, it set out to create a shared city, a place where all of its residents felt a sense of belonging and had a say in the shaping of the city.
For five years, the project mapped existing projects, reached out to and built partnerships with key citizens, and developed practical recommendations for creating a shared society in Haifa. The recommendations, compiled in a book published last fall and funded in part by NIFC, span areas as diverse as urban planning, culture, inter-communal relations, and business.
As the next step, SHATIL – along with partners Beit Hagefen, Maarag, and the Community Services Department – recently created the Haifa Center for Dialogue and Conflict Management. The center aims to help Haifa’s residents and institutions manage inter-communal conflicts through dialogue, prevent conflicts from escalating, and help build a shared society in Haifa.
On September 1st, Yaron Levin, the Center’s coordinator, sat down for the first time at his new desk in the Haifa Department of Community Services. Haifa’s willingness to support the Center and provide a home for it demonstrates an unprecedented level of commitment to the pursuit of a shared society.
“To develop the ability in the city to solve conflict in a nonviolent way, to build the capacity among organizations and in the community, will contribute tremendously to the core of what it means to be a shared society,” Levin says. “SHATIL has been one of the partners from the very beginning, and of course the vision of a shared society is very much part of the DNA of the center.”
In addition to the opening of the center, the influence of the project is taking hold elsewhere. For example, Haifa City Museum’s current exhibit about the Hadar neighborhood includes a number of exhibits which are either the result of or relate to the project’s recommendations for multi-cultural events. One of the museum rooms includes flyers and political publications distributed by the Haifa Shared City Program. On another door, a text written by a member of the SHATIL-organized “Creating the Haifa Story Group” speaks of the city’s complex history and its Arab and Jewish communities. A text written by Prof. Rachel Kallush, a member of the Haifa Shared City Program Steering Committee, relates to the urban renewal plans in Haifa, and calls for them to take into consideration the fact that the city should be a shared one.
Haifa’s support for the Center along with the museum exhibits show how the shared society language has become a part of the mainstream.
A Canadian perspective on Israel
This past Sunday, I joined a dynamic room of supporters in Ottawa. Symposium speaker Mira Sucharov challenged the crowd. “Is there such a thing as Jewish values?” At first taken aback, participants responded. Chesed, Tikkun Olam, critical thinking, justice and also the best and worst of feeling chosen.
New Israel Fund of Canada has just completed a tour of major cities across Canada. How do those values offered in Ottawa impact Israel’s democracy? What changes when democracy lives in a place like Israel? The title of NIFC’s Third Annual Symposium was: “Meeting the Challenge: Israel as a Jewish and Democratic State.”
As with previous symposia, these events shifted the lens we use to analyze societal progress.
Right as our event in Ottawa wrapped up, a participant revealed why he comes to our events. Discussions like these, he said, uncover the levers of change behind trends he witnesses in Israel. “This makes me think twice and maybe three times about some of my most basic assumptions.”
Equally compelling was an underlying theme I traced at every event: the importance of a Canadian perspective in understanding domestic issues in Israel.
In addition to the event in Ottawa, Symposia were held in Montreal, Toronto, and Vancouver. NIFC also partnered with law schools to tackle issues of civil rights using a cross-cultural lens. At McGill and Osgoode Law Schools, Hagai El-Ad, Executive Director of NIFC-funded ACRI (Association of Civil Rights in Israel), engaged with students and faculty on the parallels between cases ACRI has challenged and current issues in Canada.
How might Israeli law respond to Quebec’s Charter of Values? What sensitivity do Canadians feel toward Bedouin relocation given First Nations experiences in this country?
“Make The Case” was an event presented by NIFC’s New Generations group for Canadians under 40. Asked to step into the shoes of Israeli civil rights lawyers, participants prepared a case for and against a Haredi military draft. Were our lawyers-for-a-night onto something? According to Hagai, an issue occupying politicians for years took young Canadians only 90 minutes to argue in full.
Which leads me to reflect on the unique, the creative, the thoughtful, and the exceptionally valuable perspective Canadians lend to social justice issues in Israel. It is with the tools from our social history that equip Canadians to wrestle with issues of multiculturalism, multilingualism, equality and fairness, particularism, and civil liberties in Israel.
Over the past week, I met hundreds of Canadians from all walks of life. Together, they grappled with the toughest questions facing Israeli society. In so doing, they also offered a point of view to these enduring conversations uniquely informed by their own country’s past.
Thank you to those who came to our events. Thank you to our speakers, our volunteers, our partners in every city, our staff, and our donors who made this past week such a success.
Asaf Weitzen, 34, is a lawyer with Hotline for Migrant Workers, one of the petitioners in the historic Supreme Court case challenging the Anti- Infiltration Law, which incarcerated more than 2000 African refugees without due process or recourse to the possibility of asylum. Following the verdict, NIF spoke to him to get his reaction to the landmark victory.
How did this case end up at the Supreme Court?
Israel has been dealing with the issue of asylum seekers for a long time. You can detain people who can be legally deported, but deporting genuine asylum seekers would be a violation of international and Israeli law. Because you can’t deport people coming from Eritrea and Sudan, the
government wanted to deter other people by detaining them. They created the Anti-Infiltration Law, which is basically a newer version of a law from 1954 created to deal with security issues, with the main clause stating that you can detain people for a minimum of three years without putting them on trial. This is what we petitioned against. We said that the law does not meet the Basic Laws’ right to freedom and right to dignity, and should be overturned by the Supreme Court. In a very rare move, the UNHCR (UN Refugee Agency) joined the petition as amicus curie.
Were you always confident with the outcome?
No. From a legal point of view the case was clear. But you can never be sure, especially when you’re dealing with something that’s so politically sensitive. There is a lot of political pressure on the Supreme Court, and today it’s relatively restrained when it comes to parliamentary law. The fact that the sentence was so unequivocal shows just how offensive, unconstitutional and undignified this law was.
Will lots of people be released now?
We hope that those detained under the law will be released in the next few weeks. But the story isn’t over yet. Right-wing politicians condemned the ruling – they want to create a new law with a different time limit. Everyone needs to read the ruling clearly. Some of the judges said a shorter detention might be considered; others said that you couldn’t detain people in order to deter others from coming. We hope that politicians from across the political spectrum will come together and think how to ease the problems of the southern neighborhoods of Tel Aviv [An area of endemic poverty where most asylum seekers live] and the difficulties faced by the asylum seekers, rather than making things worse with new versions of the anti-infiltration law.
How did it feel?
When I started reading the sentence I began to cry, and I haven’t cried for a long time. I thought about all the people Hotline represents. Some of them have been in prison for a year, some of them are victims of rape – each time I visited them in prison they asked when they would be released and why they hadn’t been put on trial; it was very difficult for me to think about them like that. To think about all those people who will hopefully be released in the next few weeks makes me very happy. I’m also very happy as an Israeli citizen – even in difficult times, there are people who remain true to what is just, without giving in to dangerous political trends. It reinforces our faith in the path we’ve chosen – fighting for what we believe in, and strengthening civil society. This decision should be a wake-up call for the government, an opportunity for them to help build a better society, and not just another reason to attack the Supreme Court.
Responses from Asylum Seekers:
Moatomis Ali (Asylum Seeker from Darfur): “This law isn’t connected to the situation facing refugees in Israel. The problem is that that Israel doesn’t take care of refugees. We live here without basic rights, and they don’t check our story to see if we’re entitled to asylum or not. I have many friends who have been jailed because of the Law. It’s a good feeling for them, to be leaving jail, but they still know what will happen to them once they get out. I was also freed but it’s illegal for me to work and they call me an infiltrator, a work migrant and a criminal.”
Davit Demoz (Asylum Seeker from Eritrea): “I’m happy that the law has been cancelled; it’s not logical to put people in jail for more than a year without a release date. These people went through difficult experiences in their countries and on the way to Israel. But, when they’re freed and thrown out by the Tel Aviv Central Bus Station, we don’t know what will happen to them. We escaped from a dictatorship in order to live a secure and free life. It’s not right that the only options for refugees are to live on the streets or go to jail.”
Following Im Tirtzu’s outrageous and personal smear campaign against the New Israel Fund and progressive organizations in Israel in 2010, a group of eight activists began a facebook page called ‘Im Tirtzu is a Fascist movement.’ Alleging that the term “fascist” constituted libel, and in an undisguised attempt to shut down criticism of their goals and activities, Im Tirtzu took the activists to court. And lost. Following the Jerusalem District Court’s ruling last week, which rejected almost all charges against the activists and which characterized Im Tirtzu as having “fascist attributes” NIF spoke to defendant Edan Ring about his reactions to the victory.
How did you get involved in the Facebook group?
Back then I was working as a spokesperson for several human rights groups. I was appalled by the campaign against Naomi Chazan and the rest of the organization. One day the “Im Tirtzu is a Fascist movement” group appeared in my Facebook feed; a few days later, the founder of the group, Roi Yellin, made me one of the administrators of the page, because he thought I would help get more followers. In total there were eight of us. The page was a huge success – thousands of people joined the group because of their outrage over Im Tirtzu’s behavior. A while later, the group’s administrators all got a message from Im Tirtzu saying they would sue us if we didn’t change the name.
What did you think of Im Tirtzu’s reaction?
I was very surprised. I had no legal experience, I had never been to court, and I was very alarmed. At first I didn’t respond. I didn’t think they would really go through with it. It’s not like we had published a huge ad like they did – I mean, look what they did with Naomi Chazan! I
checked with the others – they were also ignoring it. After a few months, I received a letter from a lawyer’s office in Jerusalem saying I was being sued for 2.6 million shekels. It was a terrible feeling. From then, it really affected the way I expressed myself on Facebook and other social networks. It made me very cautious and hesitant. All the time I was thinking that someone was looking at me. It was very frightening. But when we met our amazing lawyers, my feelings changed. It was clear that we weren’t going to change the name of the group.
Were you worried during the court case?
I knew they wouldn’t win – they were in the wrong. But they tried to make life difficult for us. We all live in Tel Aviv, but they filed the complaint in Jerusalem, and they made it for NIS2.6 million so the case would go to the district court. We had to travel to Jerusalem for every meeting, and we lost a lot of working hours. We also worked hard on the case ourselves, doing research on Im Tirtzu and the things they’ve said and written. We all wanted to build a strong case, and I think we succeeded.
How do you feel now?
On the one hand, I’m really happy with the outcome. They tried to hurt us. Their aim was to intimidate us into stop criticizing them, and to send a message to other people not to mess with them. But we won. There’s a big buzz around the case. We didn’t dream that we could make a judge in Israel say that it’s OK to call Im Tirtzu fascists. A lot of people know they sent private investigators to look into the garbage cans of NGOs and human rights groups, a real witch-hunt. But I’m not completely happy and calm, because the case still might go to the Supreme Court.
Thankfully, we had incredible support, both from NIF and the Moriah Fund, but also from hundreds of people who donated small amounts to support our case. If the case goes to the Supreme Court, we’ll have to get their help again.
The program’s impact in some of the 100 participants’ own words:
Amal, 21, from Hura, who now dreams of seeing a Bedouin woman Knesset member: “I learned to express my voice and make it heard.”
Samaar, 20, from Rahat, who now wants to see Bedouin women “liberated from all forms of oppression” and “taking on leadership positions infused with socio-political awareness:” “It made me wonder and ask questions such as, ‘Why don’t we make our voices heard? Why aren’t we involved? Why aren’t we changing things?’ I felt our strength and the feminine power that can alter our reality.”
Aza, 22, from the unrecognized village of Kesr El Ser, who now dreams of a day when there won’t be “control over women’s lives:” “I was introduced to the world through this program…. Now I’m more audacious, and I can stand up and insist on my rights.”
In 2009, NIFC-funded SHATIL and key partners launched a unique and ambitious multi-year initiative to empower Bedouin women. Partners in the initiative included the US Department of State, Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs, Office of the Middle East Partnership Initiative (MEPI), and the Sebba Foundation.
Organized into two phases, the project aimed to create a new cadre of leadership in the Bedouin community that would impact the lives of the participants’ peers, families, and communities, while maintaining respect for traditional Bedouin social norms.And now we’re already starting to see results: An increase in women’s leadership and participation in public life; a change in the discourse including in the media; fissures in the glass ceiling for domains that were previously male-only. We also see other firsts: We hired and trained the first Bedouin woman lobbyist, held the first ever Bedouin Women’s Spokespersons’ training, and saw Negev Bedouin women organizing demonstrations against injustice for the first time.
As program participants did things they never did before, they got other women to follow, creating a ripple effect. One group of program graduates held workshops for working women about their rights and published an accompanying booklet in Arabic. Another is organizing women in the village of El Sere and helping them secure employment.
Two participants initiated and planned a recognition march that attracted 200 people and media attention; one was elected to be a student council representative; another organized a pre-election candidates’ panel at her college; several spoke publicly for the first time in their lives — at a conference about the status of women in Arab society, at a public gathering about how the Bedouin can influence government policy and at demonstrations; one has become her community’s spokesperson for the foreign press; one joined a protest against honor killings – something she would not have dared to consider before the training — and seven are working on the projects developed during the program that involve additional women in their communities.
SHATIL also reached out to scores of male and female high school and college students in a Round Table Project in partnership with NIF grantee Ma’an, the Forum of Arab Women’s Organizations in the Negev. In addition to raising awareness, the project encouraged the students to explore and question issues of women’s rights and status. Minds were opened. Said Abdelwadud, a male college student: “At the Round Tables, I found I could say whatever I want. No one said, ‘don’t talk like this.’ I want changes – the most basic things – to give women the right to study…”
In a fitting end to the program, the graduation ceremony was transformed into a public seminar on the role of Bedouin women in the public sphere — one of the first times Bedouin women, and Bedouin men – including mayors, heads of religious organizations, etc. – came together to discuss these types of issues together and in an open atmosphere. “The seminar marked the end of the MEPI project, but the beginning of a new discourse in the Negev Bedouin community,” summarized Project coordinator, Rina Okby. “We are making a revolution.” You can see great images from the seminar on Channel I in Arabic.
A new Alternative Young Bedouin Leadership Group emerged from the program which is working, with SHATIL guidance, to lead the Negev Bedouin in new directions. Kifah, 22 from Segev Shalom summarizes many participants’ experience:”To feel that you can – not everyone can give you this feeling. I got the message from SHATIL …that I can.”
In a few weeks, New Israel Fund of Canada will host a series of events that tackle one of the foremost issues facing Israel in the 21st Century. How does Israel meet the challenge of its Declaration of Independence to be both a Jewish and democratic state?
I have foisted this topic on our Shabbat guests and hosts over the past several months. To the question of, “How do Jewish values challenge Israel as a democratic state?”, I have been flooded by fluent responses. At one dinner, I received no fewer than 30 ready-made answers from eight people around the table.
To the opposing question, “How do Jewish values strengthen Israel?”, eyebrows have more likely been furled. People have taken the opportunity to sip from their glasses. Pauses have been left pregnant.
Around our Rosh Hashanah table just a few days ago, the question was posed in yet another way: “How can Jewish values actually lend further strength to a state governed by democracy?” “Can Israel possibly aspire towards a healthier society than, say, Canada or the United States, both of which have but democracy to lean on?”
As we prepare to listen to experts on the subject (in Toronto, Montreal, Ottawa, and Vancouver – register now at www.nifcan.org!), I would like to share some strands of my discussions for consideration:
1. Democracy alone does not look after the type of communal network that Jewish values can naturally project. A central distinction between democracy and Jewish values is democracy’s focus on individualism. Not so with Judaism. Shabbat is one example where this is played out in Israel today. In Israel, for observant Jews and for everyone else, Shabbat as a day of rest is an opportunity to slow down, to spend time with family, and to inquire after one’s neighbours.
Now is the time to point out that other societies and systems can furnish this type of communal resource. In Gambia, for instance, Global Volunteer Day requires that all citizens take a day off from work to better their country through civil service for a day. Labour rights, too, protect communal and family life in many countries around the world.
Another counterargument. The other components of Shabbat, ones that limit free expression and can discriminate based on religious observance and gender challenge social cohesiveness that, some argue, outweigh Shabbat’s societal benefits.
2. Jewish values support human rights in ways that democracy alone does not. Shmita, or, the practice of letting one’s field lie fallow once every seven years, was instituted, in part, to provide sustenance to the poor. Indeed, as a principle, charity is a central component of Jewish values. For a society, this means a social safety net for all residents.
Of course, nations like Brazil, Sweden, and Canada ensure levels of economic and social aid without an institutionalized set of Jewish values to guide them.
Moreover, Jewish laws regarding animal sacrifice, a male-centred divorce ritual, homosexuality, and others can be used to refute the power of Jewish values to protect of human rights.
3. Democracy alone cannot translate into a system of government for a country so entrenched in Jewish identity. Jewish values offer a common vocabulary Israel’s citizens. Recognizable concepts and traditions underlie foundational principles of a society like justice and fairness, for instance.
Yet, the ways in which Jewish values are interpreted by subgroups in Israel challenge the notion of a common language. Further, Israel’s non-Jewish population may not be as receptive to the intrinsic commonalities offered by Jewish-based societal laws.
These are only three points that attempt to support the strength of Israel’s dual governing values. Beyond that, it is the conversation behind these points that grip me. How are we defining the Jewish values underlying our discussions? What does the question itself mean for us as Diaspora Jews and what is our voice?
I invite you to join in the discussion online and at our upcoming events. Looking forward to speaking – online and in person – soon.
New Israel Fund of Canada
Our greatest prophet stood on a mountaintop at the end of a decades long journey and looked towards the Promised Land. Looked, but never entered. We read the verses of the parasha and the image draws itself in front of our very eyes, and the image touches our hearts. Mozes on Mt. Nebo is one of the most captivating, moving images in our tradition. A defining moment at the conclusion of a people’s journey, and at the same time a deeply personal time and space.
It is a moment of ending: not only the end of the great journey of the entire nation, but also the end of a great life. And this ending is something to reflect on, something that indeed we are foretold to reflect on, as it is also an ending for each and every one of us – the ending of the reading of the Torah, the last verses that we read before the cycle begins anew.
For the reading of the Torah ends not with the conquest of a land or with the building of a temple, nor with any other action of similar nature. The final words that we read are those that portray Mozes, in that deeply personal moment of vision, agony, shock, realization, and never ending longing.
But afterwards, we begin once again to read the Torah. The cycle continues. And this is how we end the cycle of the reading the Torah, and this is how we begin anew.
And so we are left to wonder: is it really an end? if it is an end and also a beginning at the same time, then what is, in fact, an end – and what is a beginning? when, anyhow, is really the end? is the end really final and is the beginning really the start? And we wonder further, as the end and the beginning not only flow in time from one to the other, but also as they come intimately close in space: for geographically Mozes’ ending came as close as possible to the beginning of the next chapter – but as close as the end was to the beginning, as clear as one could see the Promised Land from Mt. Nebo, he did not enter.
These questions are familiar to us all from our own life experiences: endings and beginnings in our life and how one leads to the next; getting closer and closer to a promise yet not seeing it fulfilled; striving to begin anew even when the work is never quite done.
And these thoughts and emotions are familiar to anyone involved in the struggle for justice and human rights. We strive to realize justice. We strive to achieve equality. The work goes on and on. We never quite make it. The work is not done. Will we ever see the realization of social justice in our lifetime? Will all human beings ever live a life of full equality in society? Will unjust structural realities that have become so entrenched will ever be uprooted? Will refugees and asylum seekers ever be welcomed with the generosity and compassion that they deserve? When will racism be defeated? All these questions, and many more, remain and linger.
We do not know the answer to any of these questions. And that human aspect too is found in our parasha, for Mozes as well, so it seems, did not know what would happen in the end. Will they ever make it out of the desert? Would he, or anyone, ever reach the Promised Land? this was unknown, and yet he persevered and continued towards the fulfillment of the promise.
Of course, we also do not know our own future. But this much we know: that the cycle continues. That we reach the end of the year and then, G-d willing, we will begin to read the Torah again from the beginning. Indeed, that much we do know.
So we continue to strive towards the realization of the promise. The mountain will be climbed again and again, as many times as needed. We know that eventually we will go back and read the Torah again, and again, and again.
The name of the parashah is V’zot HaBracha, “This is the blessing.” And perhaps this is indeed the blessing: the realization that the work is never done. The realization that the journey in and of itself counts, together with the lasting commitment to continue striving towards the realization of the promise.
Rabbi Tarfon teaches us precisely this in Pirkei Avot: “It is not upon you to complete the work, nor may you exempt yourself from it.” So withstanding frustration, pessimism, and worse – we all have the moral duty not to exempt ourselves and to be a part of Tikkun Olam, to take part in working for justice, human rights, and equality. That realization is one of a human scale. As such, it empowers human beings to face challenges that are beyond our modest scales. We might have opted to excuse ourselves, or may have otherwise been intimidated or desperate.
But we are not exempt. Not even when we see the Promised Land and are told that we will not get there, we are not exempt. Nor if we do not even see a Promised Land, we are not exempt. Nor even if all we know is that the cycle will continue, we are not exempt. This realization, this end that is also a beginning, is at the same time both modest and humane. It makes us go forward. It is a blessing.
Hagai El-Ad is the Executive Director of NIFC-funded ACRI: The Association for Civil Rights in Israel
“The focus in other feminist organizations was on glass ceilings in big companies and the Israel Defense Forces,” says Shula Keshet recalling why she founded NIFC-funded Achoti-Sister for Women in Israel in 1999. “But most of the women who are suffering in Israel aren’t even close to the glass ceiling. Achoti provides an alternative.”
Keshet was inspired to become an activist by her grandmother, Hana Kalaty. As a new immigrant from Iran, she established the House of Mothers to provide for the needs of poor women in south Tel Aviv. Using the model of the JNF’s blue box, the group raised money to help women, gave interest-free loans, and in the 1950s set up community centers. Keshet visited these places as a young girl. “It was the first time I understood the importance of feminist, Mizrachi, communal activism,” she reflects. More than 50 years later, by establishing a center for Achoti in South Tel Aviv, Shula closed the circle.
With the glass ceiling so far away for most of its clientele, Achoti focuses on basics. The organization was founded in 2000, and is now active throughout Israel. “It’s a very unique organization that struggles for equality using activism and creativity.”
Achoti’s focus is on empowering women through economic initiatives. Among its many projects, Women Cooking Up a Business was the organization’s first initiative, a women’s catering business in Jerusalem. Today the organization runs communal kitchens in Jerusalem together with partners Kol Ha’isha and Ehete center in Kiryat Gat for Ethiopian women, as well as Israel’s first Fair Trade store, which is located in Tel Aviv. They also run courses to help women set up their own businesses.
The Achoti House in south Tel Aviv is located in what Keshet calls “one of the toughest neighborhoods in Israel.” It’s the center of clashes between veteran residents and African asylum seekers. The neighborhood is blighted by drugs and prostitution, and the infrastructure is neglected by the municipality. “The situation of women in the neighborhood is even more difficult,” Keshet says. “When you’re in distress even a small thing can help.”
Achoti activists try to help local women as much as they can, for example a single mother who wasn’t receiving the child payments she was entitled to because of a bureaucratic oversight. Another example is that of a woman who was going to be thrown out of her home because of a $550 debt. The activists organized an event to raise money for her. Achoti also supports the Power to the Community initiative, which brings veteran residents and African asylum seekers together for what Shula calls “the impossible meetings.”
Achoti House also has a cultural focus. In 2009 the My Heart is in the East coalition was established to confront the neglect of Mizrachi and Arabic culture in Israel. Studies show that 90% of the current culture budget goes towards teaching Euro-centric and Western art. The coalition, of which Achoti is an active part, works to confront this imbalance through cultural initiatives of its own.
In response to Tel Aviv’s White Night celebration, which neglected the south of the city, Achoti organized Black Night highlighting local women and Mizrachi artists. Unfortunately, the police came and closed down the event, during which time a woman was sexually assaulted and the windows of Achoti House were smashed in. “The authorities treat the residents of poor neighborhoods like criminals,” Shula says, before noting that one of the policeman had called the center a “ticking bomb.”
In 2007, Haaretz’s financial newspaper The Marker chose Keshet as one of Israel’s 40 most influential women for social change. She won the NCJW Jewel Bellush Israeli Feminist award in 2011 and this year she was one of 10 women given the Rappaport Le’Isha magazine award for being about change.
It’s clear that the combination of culture and political activism is a potent combination. Achoti is providing vital support to some of the most neglected communities in Israel. Keshet’s grandmother would be proud of her.
In a precedent-setting decision, the Tel Aviv Labor Court has ordered Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) to pay Michel Malka NIS 50,000 ($14,000) in compensation for discrimination in hiring. Malka was represented by NIF funded Tmura: The Legal Center for the Prevention of Discrimination and New Discourse (The Democratic Mizrahi Rainbow).
In 2008, Malka, a Mizrachi Israeli, applied to the government-operated IAI’s emergency medicine department for a job as a paramedic. When he phoned to inquire about his application, department head Gil-Ron Baron told him that the job had been filled.
But Malka’s friend who worked at IAI told him that the company was still interviewing candidates. Moreover, when Malka’s friend Michael Goldenshluger, an Ashkenazi, confronted Baron on the subject, Baron said, “What kind of thug have you brought me to work?” and he used the Hebrew slang “ars,” a derogatory term (which translates more or less to “greaser”) directed at Jews of Middle Eastern descent.
Malka reapplied under the name Meir Malkieli and was immediately invited for an interview. Despite Baron’s insistence that the jobs had been filled and the successful candidates had then withdrawn, Judge Sigal Davidow Motola ruled in favor of Malka citing a violation of the Equal Employment Opportunities Law of 1988.
Eyal Sternberg, Malka’s attorney and co-Chair of Tmura said, “This is the first ruling of its kind in Israel, in which a labor court recognizes discrimination based on Mizrachi origin.”
Malka said, “I was stunned to learn that a huge public company like the IAI would discriminate against people over their ethnic background. I truly felt like my honor had been trampled over. I’m happy that the outcome serves the greater good.”
At a time when the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is, once again, taking center stage, it is easy to forget that the impetus behind Israel’s recent parliamentary elections was an economic one. And a SHATIL-led Forum has had a significant impact on the recent federal budget, rendering it more progressive in terms of both spending and revenue.
Last October, facing public demand for social change and fearful of the political backlash likely to follow planned spending cuts and tax hikes, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu chose to dissolve the Knesset and call early elections, rather than reach agreement with his coalition partners on an austerity budget.
In the period since the Prime Minister’s decision, NIFC-funded SHATIL has led a collaborative effort to transform the way Israeli politicians approach fiscal policymaking. The Social Budget Forum, a broad SHATIL-coordinated coalition of more than 30 social change organizations, many of which are NIF grantees, launched a campaign aimed at persuading politicians to take social objectives into account before voting on a financial plan that would burden countless Israelis.
In addition to coordinating the Forum, SHATIL staff also coordinated its four workgroups, led media and advocacy campaigns, employed innovative lobbying techniques and facilitated cooperation between member organizations. SHATIL was also able to contribute its knowledge and experience working with underprivileged groups, such as Ethiopian immigrants, to highlight the negative impact the budget would have on these communities.
In the run-up to the elections, NIF provided funds to Forum members for three conferences; and as the new government began deliberating its financial plan, NIF provided two additional emergency grants to organizations opposing the government’s plan to reduce child tax breaks.
“We realized that the deficit posed a substantial challenge and that the government had no choice but to make difficult decisions,” SHATIL consultant Eran Klein noted. “However, we were adamant that these decisions be the least harmful to Israel’s underprivileged citizens.”
In the period leading up to the elections, the Forum urged candidates to present detailed financial plans for which they could be held accountable. And prior to the budget vote, activists put enormous pressure on political representatives, organizing conferences in the Knesset, conducting an online campaign, and publishing policy papers.
Last Tuesday, the Knesset voted to approve a national budget for the 2013 and 2014 fiscal years. Although the final version of the budget is far from perfect, it does include a number of important modifications that can be attributed to the Forum’s work. The government agreed to create additional income tax brackets, cancel tax hikes on healthcare and housing, and cancel plans to raise social security rates for homemakers. To compensate for these decisions a number of revenue- generating alternatives, such as the Forum’s proposal to increase corporate tax rates, were adopted.
In addition to the progressive tax modifications, the Forum succeeded in instilling a new approach to budgetary legislation. Lawmakers across the political spectrum have recognized the importance of setting measurable social objectives as part of the legislative process. In fact, Meir Cohen, Israel’s Welfare Minister and an important member of Yair Lapid’s Yesh Atid Party, is chairing a new parliamentary committee established to set future social objectives. Looking forward, NIF/SHATIL will continue building on the Social Budget Forum’s work so that in 2015 Israel’s budget will truly reflect the social needs of its citizens.
Critics asked, What do Indyk’s NIF connections say about his commitment to a Zionist future? Actually, quite a lot.
What started out as a message of congratulations has now transformed into a reflection of organizational strength and integrity. I’ll tell you why in a minute.
First, to the primary business at hand.
Mazal tov to New Israel Fund board member Martin Indyk on his appointment as United States representative for current peace talks in the Arab-Israeli conflict.
Former U.S. Ambassador to Israel and Vice President at the Brookings Institution, a leading think-tank in Washington, DC, Indyk brings expertise, rigor, and a keen understanding of the difficulties manifest in the process.
In his endorsement, U.S. Secretary of State, John Kerry, said of Indyk, “He knows what has worked, and he knows what hasn’t worked. And he knows how important it is to get this right.”
Having now resigned his post as NIF board member in preparation for the role, Indyk nonetheless takes with him an acute sensitivity to all Israelis, one that is inherent in the mission that NIF, and New Israel Fund of Canada, strongly espouse.
And, now, for the unanticipated post-script to this message.
While Indyk was being vetted as a candidate for U.S. envoy, calls for reconsideration were made based on Indyk’s leadership role at NIF. In the process, the integrity of NIF was called into question.
Critics asked, What do Indyk’s NIF connections say about his commitment to a Zionist future?
In fact, Indyk’s role at NIF makes him uniquely attuned to the complexity of Israeli society. Further, NIF’s impacts on equality and freedom within Israel demonstrate the possibilities of lasting change.
Having once considered making Aliyah because of what he described as “my Jewish identity and connection to Israel”, Indyk was a student in Israel when the Yom Kippur War erupted in 1973. Since then, his life has been marked by a strongly-felt duty to Israel.
His career encompasses founding the Washington Institute for Near East Policy, primary author of U.S. President Clinton’s Middle East strategy, and, before resigning, a top role at the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC). Says the Jewish Daily Forward, “Martin Indyk’s life story is closely intertwined with that of the pro-Israel community and with Israel itself. “
The endorsements of Kerry, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, and U.S. President Barak Obama reflected an answer to critics both clear and strong. It is Indyk’s profound insight into the dynamics of – and potential in – a diverse Israeli society that reinforces his commitment to lasting peace.
New Israel Fund of Canada
Shira Herzog on ACRI’s Impact
NIFC Executive Director Orit Sarfaty sat down with NIF International Council member Shira Herzog to learn about upcoming NIFC Fall Symposium speaker, Hagai El-Ad, Executive Director of the Association for Civil Rights in Israel (ACRI).
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About Shira Herzog
Shira Herzog is a member of New Israel Fund’s International Council. She is past president of The Kahanoff Foundation, which was active in Israel over three decades and partnered with the New Israel Fund in various areas of social change, including immigrant youth at risk, religious pluralism, minorities and capacity building for grassroots groups. Shira is also an Israel-affairs columnist with The Globe and Mail.
What is your relationship with ACRI?
From personal interest and through my tenure as president of The Kahanoff Foundation, my relationship with ACRI goes back nearly 30 years. I have been interested in “infrastructure organizations” that maintain fundamental planks of Israeli democracy. Among these, ACRI stands out.
ACRI doesn’t deal with a single issue in civil rights, but acts on behalf of all prevailing human and civil rights issues. It epitomizes the “big tent” type of organization.
Years ago, I served on the board of CCLA (the Canadian Civil Liberties Association), which serves a similar function in Canada. There, I saw the ability of “big tent” organizations to address overarching issues of civil rights. Single issue constituencies often then spin off their own organizations, where the level of expertise becomes much focused. I don’t think that’s a bad thing—but my choice has been to focus on the broader perspective.
Tell me about Hagai El-Ad.
I’ve known Hagai since his tenure began at ACRI. He is succeeding several highly qualified CEO‘s who led ACRI for a period of 40 years. Hagai is different on two counts. First, he comes with experience as an open advocate in Israeli society, having been a leader in the LGBT movement there. Second, from an academic point of view, he has a background in astrophysics.
On the face of it, moving from science into civil rights advocacy is a big leap!
It’s unusual for an individual to bring such a broad horizon of societal forces as well as a rigorous mind. Hagai combines rigorous analysis and strong passion.
How is Israel different as a result of ACRI?
I think if there was no ACRI in Israel, it would have to have been invented. ACRI’s is the kind of voice that must be heard in any democratic society. And given the preferential treatment of Jewish residents and citizens over others in some areas as well as the burden of national security, Israel has a particular need for a group like ACRI. In that environment, it is important to stand apart as an advocate for equality among all Israeli citizens and those who are denied access to their rights by law.
ACRI also benefits from some unique aspects of Israeli society. The Israeli Supreme Court often sits as a High Court of Justice rather than as a Court of Appeal. Any citizen or organization can apply directly to the Court to challenge government policy based on existing laws and constitutional rights. Much of ACRI’s legal work is done through this tool.
ACRI is also a forerunner of education on civil rights. They have advised the police, social workers, community leaders, and others about what civil rights mean in their work and as such, have created greater sensitivity to the civil rights discourse and practice.
What challenges does the organization face?
ACRI faces the same challenges that all civil rights groups face in democratic societies. When you’re a big tent organization, you can’t satisfy everyone.
An additional challenge (that we have seen throughout western democracies in the last decade) – the challenge of reconciling national security and individual rights – is front and center. Within Israel, there is a particularly high value placed on security, national service, and the military that tends to override human rights.
What are the underpinnings of civil rights progress in Israel today? Where does the potential lie?
For social change generally, you need a combination of top-down and ground-up movement. You also need a legal basis for change. Furthermore, you need a certain political environment that can be amenable to change.
There was a law proposed recently that would give employment and housing preference to Israelis who previously served in the military. Think about the communities that would be naturally excluded from this group – Haredim, immigrants, the disabled, Arab-Israelis. ACRI is fighting this proposed law because of its potential for unequal treatment of Israelis across the spectrum.
What challenges are particular to Israel when it comes to civil rights? Does a lack of a formal constitution set limits to equality?
Even without an official constitution, Israel has basic laws with constitutional standing. And politics can be a barrier with or without a constitution. A government doesn’t have to listen if it doesn’t want to.
For Israel as with every country, there is probably a limit with respect to protection of civil rights, depending on a given nation’s particular idiosyncrasies and history. In Canada, for instance, we are engaged in an ongoing discussion regarding First Nations groups, the scope and limits of their rights.
To what extent are there parallels between Israel and Canada in terms of its civil right challenges?
The two countries have different systems of government that make it difficult to draw more specific parallels. Israel defines itself as an ethnocentric democracy. Its immigration laws demonstrate a preference for Jews. Canada is a parliamentary democracy, governed by a charter of rights and structured with enormous power to the provinces.
That said, both are strong democracies with non-governmental, charitable watch-dog organizations that monitor what could be called the “democratic index.” ACRI’s very existence and scope of activity in Israel attest to Israel’s strength as a democracy.
Let’s be clear about ACRI’s role. It exists not to make Israel a democracy. Rather, it makes sure it continues to be a democracy, an effective democracy.
What can Israel learn from Canada?
Like other countries, Israel can learn a lot from Canada. I have always believed that a country is measured by how it disagrees, not about how it agrees. For the most part, Canadians disagree quite well.
On the whole, Canada expresses a high degree of civility in its public discourse, is able to accommodate a broad spectrum of citizens’ backgrounds and Canadians demonstrate a high degree of tolerance. These are all admirable. Where they fit with any other country’s challenges and experience, they should be shared.
The subject of our Symposium this year explores the duality of values in Israel as a Jewish AND Democratic State.
How does an organization like ACRI successfully navigate these towards achieving civil rights for all Israelis?
ACRI works within current Israeli law. So, for instance, ACRI is not challenging Israel’s law of return which is a defining characteristic of a Jewish and democratic state.
What ACRI wants to do is to strengthen Israel’s given legal framework and ensure that all residents get their fair share. ACRI works to ensure that the democratic plank supporting Israel’s society is as strong as it can be.
SHATIL: Fighting Poverty in the Knesset
As part of its ongoing efforts to fight poverty, last week NIFC-supported SHATIL played a leading role in bringing together over two hundred community leaders with dozens of Knesset members to discuss ways to ensure that the national budget addresses the real needs of Israel’s people.
“We all did our army service, and our kids served; yet we’re left without food,” said one citizen on Wednesday, July 3rd, to the assembled group of lawmakers and NGO representatives.
Over one third of Israeli children live in poverty, according to the Myers-JDC-Brookdale Institute; and Israel has the highest poverty rate out of all OECD member nations. Proposed budget cuts to vital services would worsen this situation. For many social justice proponents, rising poverty and inequality represent a breakdown in social solidarity and a fundamental betrayal on the part of the government.
On Tuesday, July 2nd, the Forum to Combat Poverty, in which SHATIL plays an active role, hosted a Knesset conference to prevent the proposed cuts to child allowances. On Wednesday, the SHATIL-led Social Budget Forum hosted a similar conference on the broader social aspects of the budget. These gatherings drew a diverse group of participants: Jewish and Arab, religious and secular, old and young. Some were seasoned NGO representatives, while others were new to the forum. Some brought their children. Many spoke of personal experiences with poverty, adding a particular urgency to the fight to protect the vital government services that enable individuals and families to survive.
The gatherings provided citizens with a unique opportunity to speak directly to their representatives. Prominent Knesset members, including Labor Party leader Shelly Yachimovich, attended one or both conferences. The second conference, moderated by MKs Gila Gamliel of Likud and Ilan Gilon of Meretz, drew a wide variety of Knesset Members from across the political spectrum, including both Coalition and opposition parties.
Many participants pointed out that the proposed budget cuts would particularly harm Israel’s most vulnerable groups. For instance, the Coalition-supported 2.7 billion shekel cut to the child
allowances program would push an additional 40,000 children below the poverty line. Eddie Gedalof, director of Lod Community Advocacy, explained that this measure would hurt women.”In many cases, government child allowances are the only portion of the family income that mothers directly control,” he said. Thus, a reduction in the child allowances decreases not only a family’s income, but a mother’s financial independence as well.
Participants also discussed the current budget’s inadequate response to Israel’s housing crisis. While the Israeli population has tripled since the 1970s, the number of public housing units has
not even doubled; there are currently 70,000 units, up from 40,000 forty years ago.
“If a child doesn’t have a home, he’ll likely end up in jail,” said Yoav Haas, a housing rights advocate who participated in the conference. “Israel has the resources to provide adequate housing to all of its citizens – it just doesn’t use them.”
These two conferences gained significant media attention; SHATIL organizers and other participant-activists were interviewed on several major radio and TV stations, educating about the proposed budget’s harmful impact on disadvantaged populations. This should, in turn, increase pressure on lawmakers to amend the budget to promote rather than harm social well-being.
The Knesset will hold a final vote on the budget on July 31st. Until then, SHATIL and the Social Budget Forum will continue to work for a socially just budget through facilitating direct
conversations between citizens and Knesset Members.
Breakthrough for LGBT Rights in Israeli Prisons
Following efforts by flagship NIFC-funded Association for Civil Rights in Israel (ACRI), the Israeli Prison Service has confirmed that LGBT prisoners will have the same rights to conjugal visits as heterosexuals.
ACRI began the campaign in 2009, when Chief Legal Counsel and NIF Law Fellow alum Dan Yakir sent a letter demanding that male and female prisoners receive conjugal visits even if they are in a relationship with a member of the same sex.
Following the decision, Yakir said: “It’s a shame that this revolution in the rights of members of the LGBT community has only now reached the Israeli prisons. Human rights, including the right to equality, don’t stop at the prison gates. This is another important step in consolidating the understanding that homosexual relationships are no less worthy than heterosexual relationships.”
Focusing on Religion and State — through the camera’s lens
First prize in a religion and state photo exhibit went to Ariel Cohen, a young religious soldier who was captivated by an old, torn photo of young women praying at the Western Wall tacked to an ordinary wall in a Haredi section of Jerusalem’s Nachlaot neighborhood.
Cohen snapped a photo of the photo during a tour of Jerusalem focusing on religion and state issues that was the brainchild of graduates of a SHATIL-Bet Hillel-Be Free Israel course on religion and state last April. NIFC is proud to support SHATIL and Bet Hillel. Cohen said he was inspired both by the public display of images of women at a time when many such images are being torn down in the Holy City and companies like Egged have agreed not to publish bus ads with images of women. The black-and-white nature of the photo brought to mind the black-and-white dress of Haredi men in the present time.
A panel of judges awarded Cohen a NIS1,000 prize. The winning photograph appears alongside nine others in the exhibit, “Religion and State through the Camera’s Lens.”
“The tour and the exhibit – and the use of art for social change — emphasizes the connection between the struggle of religion and state issues and our everyday lives,” said Merav Livneh-Dill, SHATIL’s Religious Pluralism Project Coordinator.
The goal of the tour and exhibit was to invigorate the public discourse around the “status quo” issue – the popular term for the political agreement reached between then-Jewish Agency Executive Chairman David Ben Gurion and the ultra-orthodox Agudat Israel party in 1947, which decided on matters of kashrut, Shabbat observance, religious education and marriage and divorce that affect Israelis to this day.
Demand for tour participation was high and had to be limited to 60 amateur photographers who, under the guidance of world religions researcher Tomer Persiko, saw and discussed points and places in the capital that are affected by the status quo. This includes restaurants struggling to get alternative kashrut certificates; the offices of the chief rabbinate at which representatives of Mavoi Satum explained the trials that agunot (or chained women) endure; walking past billboards with no women’s images and discussing the problem of the exclusion of women from the public sphere with members of the Yerushalmit Movement about the issue.
The photography exhibit can be seen in the Frank Sinatra Plaza at the Hebrew University campus on Mt. Scopus 24 hours a day, seven days a week until July 31.
June Event a Powerful Message of Hope
In June 2013, New Israel Fund of Canada organized Saying Yes to Social Change in Israel, a popular series of talks held across Canada by change agents in Israel.
The Toronto event at Beth Tzedec Congregation welcomed former member of Knesset Dr. Yossi Beilin, New Israel Fund women’s rights activist, Shira Ben-Sasson Furstenberg, and NIFC’s Social Justice Fellow, Samara Carroll.
These speakers brought a message of hope.
As in Canada, Israel’s democracy is strong – strong enough us to strive for more. Israel displays the courage to recognize democracy as a foundation of its government.
Because of your support of NIFC we have seen great advances in Israel’s ability to demand and accept change.
Like you, NIFC wants to see an Israel that accepts all people. We want an Israel that reflects the diversity expressed in Israel’s Declaration of Independence.
Civil marriage stands as a case study of the role of religion in Israeli life.
Currently, the only marriage recognized by Israeli governments are those conducted by recognized religious leaders.
Conservative and Reform Jewish marriages are not recognized by the State of Israel. Neither are marriages between Muslims and Christians. Marriages among Jews whose conversions were not sanctioned by Orthodox rabbis cannot take place in Israel.
Israelis are forced to choose between cohabitation without the legal benefits that marriage offers or marrying in another country.
Married Israeli Jews in need of leaving a bad or abusive marriage must obtain a Jewish divorce in Israel that must subscribe to Orthodox Jewish laws.
What does that mean?
A woman must receive a get from her husband, a sometimes wrenching process placing more burden on the woman than the man. If the husband does not permit it, the marriage remains intact, even against the woman’s will.
Failure to receive a get often leads to de facto single mothers in financial limbo forbidden to remarry and prevented from receiving child support.
Your donations to the New Israel Fund of Canada support legal efforts to protect women in marital uncertainty. With your support, NIFC funds the education of Israeli attorneys in the field of civil rights to specifically target these issues on behalf of Israelis.
The role of women in the public sphere is also an area of focus for NIFC.
Women of the Wall, in particular, uncovered the role of both activism and lawmaking in protecting the rights of women in Israeli society.
After 24 years of attending Rosh Chodesh services at the Kotel, the women’s rights group Women of the Wall succeeded in changing the ways that women are allowed to pray at the Western Wall.
Significant attention from people like you in the Diaspora contributed to this success.
Women’s rights are a significant focus for New Israel Fund of Canada. We fund projects that offer economic empowerment to Bedouin women; community leadership among Haredi women; and integration of immigrant women into broader Israeli society.
Without your support our work would not be possible, Thank you.
We have achieved great things in the last 30 years, and we still have a lot of work ahead. Please make a gift today of just $25.
Your donation will help us continue to fund important programs which help advance help the cause of women, secular Jews and all Israeli citizens.
Together we will create an Israel that reflects your values.
New Israel Fund of Canada
Israel to Fund Non-Orthodox Rabbis
Last week, in a major victory for religious pluralism in Israel, the State Attorney’s office announced that that the Ministry of Religious Services will allow rabbis from the Reform and Conservative movements to serve as community rabbis. The decision follows a seven-year legal struggle, which culminated with a 2012 ruling from the Supreme Court finally allowing for the publicly-financed funding of non-Orthodox rabbis in some communities.
The struggle began in 2005 with a petition to the Supreme Court by veteran NIF grantee Israel Religious Action Center (IRAC). IRAC’s petition asked that the Gezer Regional Council be allowed to pay the salary of Reform Rabbi Miri Gold, who was serving their community. Negotiations hinged on what term would be used for non-Orthodox rabbis and according to reports, the final designation was “rabbi of a non-Orthodox community.” In response to the ruling, Rabbi Gold said, “Someday, there will be enough people here who understand that there’s more than one way to be Jewish.”
This is really not the end of the struggle, as important distinctions remain. Salaries for the Reform and Conservative rabbis will come from the Ministry of Culture and Sports, rather than the Ministry of Religious Services. The rabbis will not be government employees, but will instead receive stipends from the state. Additionally, they will have no authority over religious and halachic matters. Finally, the ruling only covers rural communities, not cities.
Rabbi Gilad Kariv, the head of Israel’s Reform movement, said, “The state’s decision to support the activities of Reform rabbis in regional councils, while clearly acknowledging their roles as rabbis, is an important breakthrough in the efforts to advance freedom of religion in Israel. This is the first, but significant, step toward equalizing the status of all streams of Judaism in Israel and we hope the state will indeed ensure the court’s commitments are fully applied. We expect that the state’s agreement to recognize the community activities of Reform rabbis will lead to additional steps that will annul the deep discrimination against non-Orthodox streams in Israel.”
In the meantime, IRAC is working on gaining state recognition for Jerusalem Reform rabbi Levi Weiman-Kelman as an urban congregational rabbi.
Many political observers have pointed out that with the ultra-Orthodox parties not represented in the current coalition government; the Religious Affairs Ministry – run by national-religious party leader Naftali Bennett – can further liberalize some of Israel’s current policies that restrict religious tolerance and practice.
Israel to Look Poverty in the Face
Whether it was shame over having the highest poverty rate and fifth largest social gap of any member of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the complaints from Israel’s social security administration, or the steady pressure from civil society – or all three – the government finally decided to tackle the issue of Israel’s climbing poverty rate. A special inter-ministerial committee to combat poverty was formed this week, which will be tasked with setting measurable targets for reducing poverty and social gaps – which are exactly the demands of the SHATIL-led Social Budget Forum. SHATIL is funded by New Israel Fund of Canada.
“It’s good to know that when you apply coordinated pressure, sometimes you see results,” said SHATIL Social Change Organizer Odeya Shabtai, who coordinates the work of the Social Budget Forum.
The Forum’s actions included mobilizing grassroots organizations via a Facebook campaign and flooding Finance Minister Yair Lapid’s inbox with emails demanding that he set specific goals and objectives for reducing poverty and bridging social/economic gaps.
On Wednesday, a letter initiated by the Social Budget Forum and the Forum to Combat Poverty which was signed by 55 influential Israelis demanding government action was sent to top officials and ministries. Among other actions, the letter asked the government to set a goal of reducing poverty rates by five per cent a year.
The OECD report found that the 2012 poverty rate in Israel was 21%, compared to less than 15% in 1995. A study by Israel’s National Insurance Institute revealed that the rate of children living in poverty rose from 26% in 1999 to 35.6% in 2011.
The next step in the campaign to convince the Israeli government to seriously tackle poverty will be a Knesset conference at the beginning of July, raising public awareness, and recruiting additional members of Knesset to the campaign.
Leaving the Fold
Yonatan [name has been changed] was raised in a typical ultra-Orthodox family in Jerusalem. He went to a Haredi school and yeshiva, and married when he was 18. Then something changed. “At a certain stage I began to think outside the box,” he explains. “About whether what they taught me is true, if God exists, and if he does whether he expects us to do mitzvoth. Why should I keep practicing when everything contradicts it?”
His crisis of faith was not sudden. It began with him sneaking off to the library to read up about science when he was 16, and it wasn’t until Yonatan was in his mid-twenties that he told his wife about his thinking. By then the couple had three children. “She already knew that I was critical and unconventional, but she didn’t know to what extent.” By that point, though, he had decided that he was no longer religious. “Let’s continue with the status quo,” was his wife’s response. Outside the home, she said he could live his life as he saw fit, but she asked him not to tell her about the things he had been reading. Then, independently, she began her own process of self-exploration, until she eventually came to the same conclusion. “It was a slow process of disconnection,” Yonatan reflects. Today, so as not to confuse the children who attend a National Religious school, they continue to keep Shabbat and maintain a kosher home, but they no longer live in an ultra-Orthodox area.
As a result of his experiences, Yonatan became one of the founding members of NIF grantee Yotzim L’Shinuim (Going Through a Change), which supports families going through the process of leaving the ultra-Orthodox world. Yotzim L’Shinuim is not an outreach organization trying to convince people to leave the Haredi world, but rather, it works with people who have already made that decision. The group provides people with educational and emotional support, as well as help in finding work.
Soon after their inception, the group found out about NIF/SHATIL, who introduced them to another group of ex-ultra-Orthodox working to change government policy regarding those who leave the Haredi community. The two groups teamed up. At present, there are special educational and employment benefits for haredim that are denied to those leaving the community, even though without communal support they need transitional assistance even more. “We want to ensure that those leaving the community receive the same rights that other Haredim receive,” Yonatan says.
Yotzim L’Shinum meets every two weeks for cultural events, lectures, and film screenings such as the recent Ponevezh Time. These events are vital in helping the members integrate into wider society. One member commented, “I didn’t know about The Beatles until I was 25!” They also run guidance session for parents. “We don’t want to disconnect from our families, but the relationships are very complicated. Maybe they understand, but they can’t accept it.,” noted another member. Future plans include the creation of an institute that will help ex-Haredim complete their studies, thus helping them properly integrate into society. “I missed the train,” Yonatan reflects. He is studying in his spare time, but he also needs to work so as to provide for his children, which means he might have to drop out. “I want to help others so their path will be easier.” The more Yotzim L’Shinuim develops, the more likely that will be.
Harish to be Open for All
In another key victory guaranteeing a free and open future for the town of Harish, Gideon Sa’ar, the Minister of Internal Affairs, has announced that he will not extend Nissim Dahan’s long-running tenure as head of the Harish Municipality. Mr. Dahan has held the position for the past seven years. Instead, in October, there will finally be elections in the town. The decision follows a petition to the Supreme Court by two local residents and the Ometz movement, which works to confront corruption in the public arena. The petition called for an end to Dahan’s tenure and for open and democratic elections.
Dahan had been associated with the now-failed effort to build a huge city for ultra-Orthodox Jews in Harish. Noam Hillel, a Harish resident and director of the NIF-supported Harish Coalition, said: “This is another victory in our campaign to turn Harish into a new city, advanced and open for all. We look forward to cooperating with the Interior Ministry in order to quickly lift this city on its feet.” Earlier this year, the coalition celebrated victory when an Israel Land Administration committee awarded housing contracts to a multitude of bidders representing the full spectrum of Israeli society, including groups representing the Arab community and those promoting affordable housing.
Israeli and English Soccer Players to Fight Racism
Early next week, NIF’s Kick Racism and Violence out of Soccer project is holding a special Football for All event featuring players from the Israeli and English Under-21 teams. The event is part of the UEFA Under-21 European Championships being held in Israel, which is the most important sporting event the country has ever held. The event will feature player activists struggling against racism and violence and promoting shared society, as well as the children who participate in their projects. These activists recently visited England as part of the Football for All delegation, where they learned techniques for combatting racism and violence in soccer from their English counterparts.
NIFC – An Agent for Transformative Change in Israel
Read up on Israel and you’re likely going to come away with a feeling of frustration and, worse, hopelessness. You’ll read about a stagnant peace process, threats to the rights of ethnic minorities and refugees and, most recently, the dangers of Syria. But behind the headlines, exciting developments shine the way towards an Israel dedicated to its Declaration of Independence – towards equality and democracy for all Israelis.
Change is afoot inside Israel. It’s happening at the neighbourhood level and on the streets. NIFC is bringing this discussion of change to Canada on June 17th and 18th. Leaders from grassroots activism and government will speak about how change is transforming today’s Israel.
In the midst of geopolitics, a realignment of priorities is forming among Israelis. Fed up with a perceived lack of progress, many are looking inward at the country’s social and economic challenges.
IMMEDIATE IMPACT OF THE 2011 SUMMER PROTESTS
In the Summer of 2011, massive social protests broke out in Tel Aviv, with over 300,000 flooding the streets to demand a more equitable state. Protesters called for an end to a shrinking middle class. It will take years for the kind of changes Israelis took to the streets to demand to be realized. NIFC is there for the long haul, helping to bring about that change every step of the way.
Case in point: neighbourhood cooperatives. Shared business ventures popped up within small villages and traditionally marginalized communities as a direct result of the protests. Co-ops promise greater financial independence for participants. Despite such intentions, co-op participants quickly faced the challenges of operating these ventures.
With its ear to the ground, NIFC-funded SHATIL promptly responded to emerging needs. In its role as a capacity builder, SHATIL has helped train co-ops leaders in management and organizational strategy. NIFC’s reaction to a bottom-up thirst for change makes it one of the most valuable and influential organizations on the ground in Israel today. Other examples of NIFC’s participation can be found in the fight for women’s rights in the public sphere, religious pluralism in military life, and social mobility for all Israelis.
SAYING YES TO SOCIAL CHANGE TODAY – NIFC EVENTS IN TORONTO, VANCOUVER, AND MONTREAL
NIFC is pleased to invite participants to come and hear about the challenges and opportunities faced by social activists inside Israel today. With two speakers that come from different backgrounds, yet are fighting for many of same causes, participants will get the opportunity to see how change can come from both the bottom and the top.
Register for events in Vancouver, Montreal, and Toronto by following the links in this newsletter. You can also email me at email@example.com
Equal Pay for Equal Work!
On April 30, SHATIL marked Equal Pay Day with a presentation in a special session of the Knesset Committee on the Status of Women.
According to data from a study commissioned by SHATIL’s Equalizing Wages in Israel’s Workforce project, which aims to bridge gender pay gaps in Israel, one-in-four workplaces still discriminates against women when it comes to pay. The project is conducted in partnership with the Israel Women’s Network, the Adva Center and Israel’s Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. Equal Pay Day received wide media coverage including a Jerusalem Post article.
Women account for nearly half of the civilian labor force in Israel, but they earn on average 65% of men’s salaries in equal positions. Israel is ranked fourth among OECD countries in gender wage gaps after Germany, South Korea, and Japan.
The Equalizing Wages project works to eradicate wage differences by motivating decision-makers to change policies; raising public awareness of the problem; conducting research; and developing knowledge and tools for action.
End Gender Segregation
May 8th became a day of celebration for proponents of equality in Israel after Attorney General Yehuda Weinstein instructed the government to immediately stop the exclusion and segregation of women in the public sphere.
The mandate follows a multi-year campaign by the NIF family to put a halt to the regressive and demeaning trend.
The decision has wide ranging implications for norms of behavior on public transportation, at public ceremonies, cemeteries, within health funds, and even on what can be written on signs posted in public. Weinstein went so far as to recommend making discrimination against women in public services a criminal offense.
Minister of Justice Tzipi Livni announced she would take steps to ensure appropriate legislation is enacted. The Israeli daily The Marker called the decision a “bomb in the arena of secular-religious relations.” The story made headlines throughout the country as well as in the New York Times, which quoted SHATIL Director Ronit Heyd:
“It’s a very important message saying we will not let religious extremism take over. Israel can be both a Jewish and a liberal, democratic state. Once the religious law takes over the democracy, that’s where we’re in danger.”
The Attorney General’s directive is a resounding success for the SHATIL-coordinated Coalition against the Exclusion of Women, a group made up of feminist, pluralist and other social change organizations. Proposals included in its report, Equal Space: Practical Proposals for Addressing the Exclusion of Women in Israel, which the Coalition presented to the government last year, are echoed in Weinstein’s recommendations.
While lauding the announcement, the Coalition called for government funding to ensure close monitoring of the of the recommendations’ implementation.
New ‘Don’t Ask Don’t Tell’ Policy at the Mikveh
Following a petition by NIF grantees the Center for Women’s Justice and Kolech, the Rabbinical Council has instituted a ‘Don’t Ask Don’t Tell’ policy regarding mikveh (ritual bath) use by women. The petition was submitted in the name of two women who had been forbidden from using the mikveh because they weren’t married, but the petition also included cases of married women facing the same problem, as well as women on the eve of their wedding. According to Orthodox Jewish law, a Jewish woman is supposed to use the mikveh before her marriage and then at the end of each menstrual cycle.
The women agreed to withdraw the petition after the rabbinate announced that “there should be no stipulations or asking questions regarding their status to women who come to perform ritual immersion in the mikveh.”
Attorney Susan Weiss, director and founder of the Center for Women’s Justice, said in response: “We praise the position of the rabbinate, according to which one has to respect [the women’s] privacy. It remains to be seen how the Deputy Minister for Religious Affairs, Eli Ben-Dahan, will implement this ruling.”
The Center for Women’s Justice, which was established in 2004, is dedicated to defending and protecting the rights of women in Israel to equality, dignity and justice in Jewish law. Kolech, founded in 1998, was the first Orthodox Jewish feminist organization in Israel.
Interview: NIFC Law Fellow Raya Meiler
NIF Law Fellow Raya Meiler made headlines earlier this month when she argued – and won – two important legal victories before Israeli courts. Raya is an attorney for NIF grantee Hotline for Migrant Workers.
First, the Supreme Court accepted her petition arguing that torture represented “exceptional humanitarian grounds” for releasing detainees held under the Anti-Infiltration Law from prison.
Second, in a precedent-setting ruling, the Be’er Sheva district court ruled that minors detained under the Anti-Infiltration Law should be released from jail, even if they are accompanied by their parents. Following this ruling, the Interior Ministry agreed to free all Eritrean mothers and children jailed under the law.
These would be remarkable achievements for any lawyer, let alone one still in her twenties. Almost as impressive, though, is Raya’s personal journey to becoming a human rights defender.
Raya was born in Moldova (“like [former Foreign Minister Avigdor] Lieberman,” she says with a wink). In 1991, when she was seven, her family made aliyah, settling in Be’er Sheva. While working as a medic in the army, she received a letter from Tel Aviv University’s Law Faculty about a special program for outstanding students from the periphery. Raya became one of only ten students to be accepted for the program.
Her first two years at law school were tough. “The people were so different from Be’er Sheva,” she says. “Most of them came from rich families in the center of the country. It was difficult socially. I felt like an outsider.” Then she heard about the university’s Human Rights Clinic, supervised by Professor Neta Ziv, who had been an NIF Law Fellow back in 1986. “It [the clinic] opened my eyes. It made me realize that everyone – no matter their religion, gender, or the color of their skin – deserves the same rights.”
Early in her career, Raya played a role in a precedent-setting same-same adoption case. She also became more politically aware. “I came from a left-wing family and I knew about the occupation, but I didn’t fully understand what made it so illegitimate,” Raya explains. She took part in Breaking the Silence and Ir Amim tours of the occupied territories. “Then I really understand what the occupation was all about.”
She also took part in SHATIL’s Everett Fellows for Social Justice program, which opened her eyes to a wide variety of social justice issues across Israeli society. Upon graduation from law school, she worked for a year at the Attorney General’s Office.
“It was very hard to make the switch and to represent the State, for example, on the issue of destroying Bedouin houses. But I emerged with a far greater understanding of how the State thinks and how government institutions make decisions, which is why I decided to do it in the first place.”
After successfully passing her bar exam, Raya wanted to travel to South America. She also dreamed of doing an MA in the US, but her English wasn’t yet good enough. There was enough money for travelling, or for studying English in America. She chose the latter, spending half-a-year at the ELS Language Center in Philadelphia. Upon her return she began work as a lawyer; soon after that she applied for NIF’s Israel-U.S. Civil Liberties Law Program, which offers two years of academic and professional experience to Israeli lawyers specializing in civil rights advocacy.
The Law Fellow program allowed Raya to study at American University Washington College of Law (WCL). “I studied with very inspiring people, and this time I had a full stipend. It was great to study with people from all over the world, all of whom wanted to learn about human rights. It was the best year of my life.”
For the second year of the program, Fellows return to Israel and work at a social change organization. While she had been in America, the Knesset had passed the Anti-Infiltration Law, under which asylum seekers could be detained for three years, or more, without charge. It was also a period of awful incitement from politicians, for example when Eli Yishai described asylum seekers as a “cancer in our body”. This inspired Raya to choose to work at the Hotline for Migrant Workers, where she specialized in defending asylum seeker rights and human trafficking in Israel.
“I was excited, but ready,” she says of the hearing on the torture case. “I was confident that the Supreme Court would overrule the district court’s ruling. You don’t need to be a genius to understand that torture constitutes exceptional circumstances to release someone from jail.” As for the case at the Be’er Sheva court, she said she arrived calm. “I thought that justice was on our side. At the beginning of the hearing, when the judge ordered that the detained children not be made to sit in the place where the alleged criminals sit, I didn’t think he would leave them in jail.”
The mother and her two daughters were released soon after the hearing.
“We’re very happy, because it’s so hard to release people under the Anti-Infiltration Law. When you see them out of jail you know you’re doing the right thing.”
Raya’s internship with Hotline for Migrant Workers is due to end soon, although she hopes she’ll be able keep working there for at least another year. “At Hotline it’s about changing reality, not making money.”
NIF’s Law Fellow alumni form the core of the civil rights bar in Israel – as academics, founders and leaders of non-profit organizations, litigators, public defenders, Knesset members, and judges. Fellowship alumni have successfully argued dozens of landmark cases, affected legislation, and shaped public policies that have changed the course of Israeli human rights, environmental and disabilities law, and made lasting contributions to religious freedom and pluralism in Israel.
A Message From Our Executive Director
On a Spring evening when everyone should have been strolling outdoors, a club filled up instead to hear the perspectives of five dynamic young Canadians. Panelists all under thirty reflected on how their experiences in Israel transformed their perceptions of social issues on the ground.
Let me describe the room for you: a group of shy college students coming an hour away to participate; a pair of camp alumni meeting up for drinks; professionals coming straight from work; a young mom sneaking away for the evening. What they had in common was a search for community under a tent of honest dialogue about Israel.
Our speakers represented a diverse set of experiences available to young Canadians – Dorot Fellowships, Birthright, Doctors for Human Rights, Hashomer Hatzair, Operation Groundswell, the Arava Institute. Despite a lifetime of interest in Israel, it took a commitment to experience it face-to-face – on their own terms – to cultivate their own opinions about the country.
What has resulted for some is an ambivalence in their current stance about Israel. As one panelist described it, It’s scary to be in this narrow space where being critical of Israel gets you branded as self-hating. And, yet, the panelist has felt compelled to devote herself to meeting the challenge – to keep asking honest questions. She is inspired by a love for Israel and a belief in its potential.
For others to hear about the vulnerability that someone so immersed in Israeli issues still feels was one powerful result of this evening. It’s not easy to ask honest questions. It’s not easy standing alone in a narrow space, as our panelist described it. Yet, for those in the room, it is imperative to participate in the dialogue. I’m proud that New Israel Fund of Canada offered such an opportunity. It’s possible that packing a room on a gorgeous Spring night helped widen the space for participants to support and be supported by others in their love for Israel.
Eritrean Asylum Seekers and Children Released from Detention
The Israeli Ministry of Interior released all Eritrean mothers and children detained under the Anti-Infiltration Law on Monday.
The release of the nine Eritrean asylum seekers along with their ten children took place following a precedent-setting ruling by the Be’er Sheva District Court. In the ruling, Judge Alon granted an appeal filed by the Hotline for Migrant Workers and declared that being a minor can be considered a “special humanitarian ground” for release from detention, even under the Anti-Infiltration Law.
Hotline for Migrant Workers commended the release of the detainees, which follows a long period of detention and continual petitions for release by the organization.
Adi Lerner, the Crisis Intervention Center Coordinator at Hotline said: “We commend the decision of the Ministry of Interior, yet we are puzzled why there was a need to detain such young children (from the age of 18 months to seven) for such a long period of time before noticing what is crystal clear: children should not be behind bars regardless of their origin. We need to remember that even now, six families with 14 children are still detained in the Saharonim internment camp. We call the Ministry of Interior to release them as well.”
According to Israeli law, a person is considered a minor until the age of 18, but in its responses to court, the State refers to detained children only under the age of 10 as minors. Hotline for Migrant Workers is aware of a 14-year-old South Sudanese minor who was separated from his mother and younger siblings and is detained separately from them in the men’s section, in violation of regulations that prohibit the jailing of minors alongside detainees over the age of 18.
While all of the Eritrean detainee children were released, other asylum-seeking children are still locked up.
Prior to this ruling, the State argued that since the Anti-Infiltration Law states that unaccompanied minors can be released from detention, it necessarily means that minors accompanied by their parents should remain in detention. In his ruling last week, Judge Alon stated that releasing minors on humanitarian grounds could be considered regardless of whether the minor is accompanied or not. He added that “remaining in indefinite detention will undoubtedly cause significant harm to the minors’ social and mental development.”
Women May Soon Select Religious Judges
New legislation recently passed by the Ministerial Committee on Legislative Affairs means women may soon have a say in the selection of religious judges (dayanim). Proposed by MK Aliza Lavie (Yesh Atid) and MK Shuli Mualem (Jewish Home), the legislation reserves three places for women on the selection committee for the judges. MK Lavie called the bill “another step towards returning Judaism to Israelis.” There will be eleven members on the committee, one of whom will be a female rabbinical court advocate.
The rabbinical courts are responsible for all personal status issues of Jews in Israel. Currently, only male dayanim are allowed to serve on this committee.
This breakthrough follows an intensive period of lobbying by the NIF-founded International Coalition for Agunah Rights (ICAR), which includes 24 organizations devoted to solving the problem of agunot (women whose husbands won’t grant them a religious divorce).
Robyn Shames, ICAR Executive Director, said: “This is a first and important step in the inclusion of women and their influence on the system of the rabbinical courts in Israel, which is currently controlled only by men. We hope that the government and the Knesset will succeed in fixing the injustice of the unequal representation of women in this committee before new rabbinical court judges are appointed.”
And the Award Goes To…
On Earth Day – April 22nd – the SHATIL-coordinated Forum for Responsible Planning strode down the green carpet to accept the Green Globe – Israel’s Environmental Oscars – award. The Green Globe is Israel’s most prestigious environmental prize, and is awarded annually to individuals or organizations for outstanding environmental achievements and excellence.
The Forum was awarded the prize for saving Israel’s environment from potential disaster by fostering cooperation between environmental and social justice organizations, and for their public activism, legal, political, and media efforts. The Forum’s campaign resulted in significant amendments to the proposed reform of Israel’s Planning and Building Law and lead to the delay of the damaging reform’s legislation.
The proposed law would have privatized the planning process in ways that limit public input, increase the potential for environmental damage, and provide more clout to wealthy land developers.
“By bringing together such a diverse group, not only did the Forum present a united front that empowered activists to face a concerted government effort; it also created a collective agenda for change,” said attorney Debbie Gild-Hayo Director of Advocacy for NIFC’s flagship grantee the Association for Civil Rights in Israel and an active member of the Forum. “We were able to bring to light anti-social, environmentally harmful, and anti-democratic aspects of the government plan, presenting a collective agenda that appealed to many Israelis.”
In the four years since its establishment, the Forum, a diverse coalition of more than 30 environmental and social organizations, has succeeded in blocking the legislation on numerous occasions, achieving its greatest success in March 2012 when it prevented a Knesset vote and effectively put an end to the proposed reform.
NIFC supported SHATIL played a critical role over the weeks leading to the 2012 Knesset vote, connecting activists to professional advocacy and media experts and coordinating an intensive campaign, which included public demonstrations, a high-profile conference, petitions to policy makers, an online campaign, and a media blitz. Thanks to these efforts a genuine public outcry emerged, leaving the government no choice but to abandon its plans.
The decision to grant the award to a group integrating environmental and social activists reaffirms SHATIL’s core belief that environmental and social issues are intertwined and emphasizes our strategy of facilitating cooperation between diverse groups and agendas.
Despite the Forum’s success, the struggle is far from over. A new government plan — potentially as disastrous as the original reform — has emerged, highlighting the importance of continued action by a united front promoting a social, democratic, and environmentally friendly planning policies. SHATIL will be at the forefront of this struggle both in its role as the Forum’s coordinator and as part of its many other environmental programs.
From Boston to Jerusalem
As everyone the world over knows, last week was a very hard week for the Boston region where we are quite unaccustomed to suffering from acts of terror. I live in Watertown, MA, ground zero for the final manhunt for the perpetrators of the bombing and other crimes. The last gun battle, essentially on Kabbalat Shabbat, was minutes from my home. The silver lining to the senseless violence and suffering is the feeling of solidarity and support Bostonians felt. We all used social media to react in real time to updates on the investigation and manhunt. I was personally touched by the outpouring from friends, family, and colleagues from around the world, including from so many of my co-workers, both Jewish and Arab, in Israel.
However, the aftermath has left us with some issues to ponder that will not resolve quickly.
First, our cousins in Israel, sadly, have much more experience with this sort of trauma than we do. We got a hint of this as we made the transition from the Boston Marathon bombings, which coincidentally took place on Memorial Day, Yom HaZikaron, to Independence Day, Yom Ha’atzmaut, the following day. Annually, Israelis make the shift between solemnity and joy, shared sacrifice and national liberation. With last Monday’s events news still fresh, the shift to Yom Ha’atzmaut was particularly hard this year for Boston Jews. Will this added dimension better help us understand the Israeli experience? What will Yom Ha’atzmaut feel like next year for us?
Second, people are beginning to question whether locking down much of the region was necessary. I personally don’t quibble with the decision. I was glad to have my family close at hand last Friday. And as one NIF board member suggested recently, Boston is really a small town. We all know each other, so it made sense that we would all, in unison, obey the call to stay out of the way as if part of a small town. However, another Watertown family interviewed in Ha’aretz suggested that they could not imagine Israel shutting down a major city to hunt down one nineteen-year-old kid. What is the right balance? Hopefully, we will not have to learn the right answer for ourselves the hard way in the future.
Lastly, the region felt relief and joy when the surviving brother, Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, was captured. The accolades heaped on our first responders were gratifying and touching to listen to. A friend of mine brought his kindergarten twins to the Watertown police station to thank the police in person. A marathoner walked in at that moment to deliver her medal to show her appreciation. Now that the euphoria is dying down, what implications will last week’s events have on social policy? Will it harden our hearts or open them? Will immigration reform suffer? Will civil rights be curtailed in the name of security? Will we act in kinship with those who endure terror daily around the world?
All of us in Boston are grateful that chapter one of this nightmare has concluded. The healing process is only beginning. As we look to move forward, it helps me to think of Rabbi Ronne Friedman of Temple Israel’s words at the Boston interfaith service attended by President Obama. Ronne quoted Rabbi Nachman of Breslav who said, “The entire world is a narrow bridge, but the important principle is to transcend, somehow, your fear.”
And the Winners Are…
NIF is thrilled to announce the winners of the 2013 Yaffa London-Yaari Award for Women’s Social Initiatives. The prize aims to promote social change projects aimed at improving the status of Israeli women. In return for the NIS 15,000 prize, the women pledge to commit to at least three years of activism for their cause
Olga Levitensky: Olga is a doctor from the former Soviet Union who is active in the Forum for Olim Families. She will use the prize money to operate a hotline that will help new immigrants better navigate the welfare system and receive all the rights they are entitled to, with the goal of helping them better integrate into society.
Amal Abu Alkum: Amal runs after-school centers for children-at-risk, as well as training programs for women and sports groups for young people in the Bedouin Negev town of Segev Shalom. With the prize she will set up the ”Heritage House for Grandmothers,” a center for teenage girls-at-risk that will be operated by volunteer grandmothers from the area.
Ety Hen: Ety is a single mother who is active in the struggle for public housing in Jerusalem. With the prize money, she will set up a community center in the Katamonim neighborhood, with an emphasis on helping single mothers and the elderly. There will also be after-school activities for children, a communal kitchen and food cooperative, as well as film screenings and lectures. The center will serve as an information hub for all issues related to public housing.
Malcha Yarom: Malcha is the founder and executive director of Jerusalem’s House of Hope, which supports divorced Haredi women. She will use the prize to develop a special program for 14-18 year-old Haredi teenage girls whose mothers are supported by the NGO. The program will focus on the girls’ self-esteem and will help them develop important life skills.
The prize is named after Yaffa London-Yaari, a leading social justice activist. The winners will be presented with their prizes by NIF President Brian Laurie and Knesset Member Merav Michaeli at a special ceremony to be held on May 1st in Tel Aviv. Stay tuned for news of the prize-winners’ future achievements.
Victim of Racist Attack Receives Full Salary
Following pressure from the NIF-supported Tag Meir coalition and a group of employees at the Tel Aviv-Jaffa municipality, Hassan Ausruf, will continue to receive his salary until he can return to work.
At the end of February, Ausruf, a 40-year-old Tel Aviv municipal worker, was assaulted in the city by a group of 15 drunken youths while on the job. So far, four youth have been arrested in connection with the attack.
The attackers reportedly targeted Ausraf because he was Arab, shouting “dirty Arab,” during the incident.
A few weeks ago the city of Tel Aviv announced that it would stop paying Ausruf, on the grounds that as a contract worker was not entitled to continued pay as he recovered. Tag Meir mobilized, bringing the issue to the attention of the media.
Tel Aviv Mayor Ron Huldai responded. His office announced that if Hassan won’t be able to return to his work because of his injuries that the municipality will continue to ensure that he receives his salary until he can return.
Local Elections as Leverage for Change
Ahead of the municipal elections scheduled for October in 250 localities, SHATIL is training activists around the country to promote social, environmental, and economic justice and build a truly shared society. SHATIL is also providing guidance and consulting to local activist groups and organizations that want to take advantage of the opportunity provided by the elections to influence their towns’ agenda.
The upcoming local elections provide a special opportunity to advance the environmental agenda. In two six-day trainings, participants will learn how to shape a strategy to promote an environmental agenda and how to effectively influence national and local decision makers. They will also gain practical lobby experience.
Seven-session trainings across the country began in mid-April and will include leadership training; information about municipal processes; skill-building in advocacy, media, communications and other skills needed for work within and vis-a-vis municipal bodies. Fifty-five participants applied for the training in Israel’s central region, and from that pool 18 top notch participants were selected.
Fourteen additional local trainings in other parts of Israel will promote religious pluralism; sustainability; how to become involved in local budget decisions; activism among Ethiopian immigrants; affordable housing; employment; and education.
The trainings in the north, south and center are conducted in collaboration with Shaharit, a new, progressive think tank, the Social Economic Academy, the Heschel Center for Environmental Learning and Leadership, the Local Social Guard, and the Mandel Center for Leadership in the Negev.
Avi Dabush, SHATIL programs director said: “The first local elections after the social protest of 2011 provide an opportunity for activists who want to instigate change on their street, in their neighborhood, and in the cities they call home. Our motto here is an old African proverb: ‘If you want to go fast, go alone. If you want to go far, go together.’”
Tag Meir Visits Homes of Assaulted Teacher
Last week, members of the NIF-supported Tag Meir coalition, visited the home of Suhad Abu-Zmiro, the victim of a racist assault in Jerusalem. A teacher at a Jewish middle school in Ramat HaSharon, Suhad was attacked by several Orthodox youths in the Jerusalem neighborhood of Kiryat Moshe.
Seeing Abu-Zmiro in a hijab, the teenagers allegedly threw rocks and other objects at the car, yelled racist abuse, and spat at the teacher. Three teenage boys were arrested, and two others turned themselves in.
After reading about the incident, several members of the Sha’ar HaGolan kibbutz got in touch with Tag Meir and organized a visit to Abu-Zmiro’s home. Residents of Kiryat Moshe also visited the home, saying: “This was a desecration of God’s name. We have a responsibility to our children, our teachers, and our neighborhood.”
Touched by the solidarity shown by the Tag Meir activists, Abu-Zmiro said: “It was a shocking and humiliating incident. To think about the fact that you have been attacked just because you are Arab is not easy; it’s not simple. My father taught us to love all people as they are, that everyone is equal, Jews and Arabs. I decided to teach in a Jewish school so that Jewish children could get to known an Arab woman in a personal way and to break down barriers. Education is the way to combat this phenomenon.”
Abu-Zmiro with two well-wishers from Kiryat Moshe (Jerusalem).Tag Meir head Dr. Gadi Gvaryahu said: “The visit was very moving. More than 50 people came, and the action has received massive coverage in the Israeli media. And the new incoming Education Minister, Dr. Shai Piron, gave a class on tolerance at Abu-Zmiro’s school. Knesset Member Elazar Stern also dealt with the issue in an interview with Army Radio. This is because of Tag Meir’s efforts.”
Tag Meir, an NIF-convened coalition that responds to acts of hatred with acts of healing solidarity, is gearing up for an expansion of its activities in the coming months
Defending Asylum Seeker Rights in Israel
Gabriel is from Eritrea. In 2001, when he was studying educational management at the University of Asmara, the government mandated that all students in the country spend their summer working for the regime without pay. The Students’ Union protested the decision, and all objectors were sent to jail without a trial. After a few months, Gabriel was freed, but two of his fellow students died during their imprisonment.
The following year, Gabriel and his friends were assigned to eight months of forced labor followed by conscription into the army. In Eritrea, soldiers spend most of their time doing forced labor for the regime instead of military activities, without being paid for their efforts. Even worse, he was only permitted to see his family once a year. “I didn’t use my education at all,” Gabriel says, “They used me as a slave.”
By 2006, Gabriel had enough. He managed to escape, first to Ethiopia, and from there to Sudan. He had heard that Israel was the only democracy in the Middle East and hoped he would be able to find shelter there. When he arrived in 2007, there were only 300 Eritreans in the country. Gabriel teamed up with the others, and set up the first organization working to defend Eritrean rights.
He soon formed links with human rights organization in Israel, and began volunteering as a translator for NIF grantee Hotline for Migrant Workers. “I do everything in my power to form a bridge between the Israeli and Eritrean communities,” he says. At the same time he worked in a number of restaurants before opening a small shop with Eritrean products in 2010. He also met his wife, with whom he has two children – Matan and Yehudit. He finally feels safe here, but has found it hard to live with the constant uncertainty of his unresolved immigration status. “We have to renew our visas every three months, and we never know how much more time we have here,” he reflects.
In December 2012, Gabriel joined the paid Hotline staff as a translator. In addition to meeting with groups to tell them about Eritrea and the Eritrean community in Israel, he also travels once a week to the Saharonim detention facility in the Negev to record the testimonies of Eritreans who have been detained there, to answer their questions, and to help them communicate with the authorities.
As a result of the Anti-Infiltration Law passed last year, refugees are subject to administrative detention of up to three years with limited judicial review, and up to five years for anyone found providing shelter, employment or transportation to an “infiltrator.” Saharonim is the largest detention center for immigrants in the western world.
“I feel like I’m helping my people, but it’s difficult for me to hear the stories,” Gabriel says about his work. Many of them were in jail for a long time in Eritrea, and will now be in jail for a long time in Israel. Thanks to the work of Gabriel and the Hotline, though, there is a greater chance that these people will one day gain the freedom that they so richly deserve.
Six Teens Take Discrimination to Court – and Win!
Ethiopian-Israeli teenagers Orit Raday, Idan Hezekiam, and four friends wanted to find work before beginning their army service. A recruitment agency sent them to a prestigious events hall in Caesaria, but when they arrived they were in for a shock. “This isn’t what we requested,” one of the workers mumbled, and sent them on their way.
The problem? The color of their skin. Tebeka, which provides legal aid to the Ethiopian community, helped the six youngsters sue for damages at the district labor court. According to the suit, “The six plaintiffs arrived at the venue with four other people who weren’t Ethiopian. They were asked to leave without a logical explanation, while the four workers who weren’t of Ethiopian origin were allowed to stay.”
In a big win against discrimination, the court ruled in their favor. Each of the youth was awarded NIS 30,000 in compensation. Last week, the youngsters arrived at the Tebeka offices to collect their checks.
“I was in shock and I was extremely angry,” said Orit Raday, who is 18. “Today I am happy that the company has learned its lesson – anyone who hurts someone on account of their skin color should be punished.”
Idan Hezekiam said, “It’s forbidden to give up – that’s the lesson. Today I feel that we won.”
Both youngsters connected their victory with Barack Obama’s visit to Israel. “It’s symbolic,” Orit said.
Attorney Ariel Azala was also pleased with the settlement: “It sends out a clear message that there can be no separate but equal. We have to eradicate this indecent phenomenon and do everything we can to create a more just and equal society.”
New Political Map: A Push for Pluralism
Israel’s new political reality is inspiring renewed hopes for religious pluralism in Israel. With Yair Lapid’s (Yesh Atid) strong support for civil marriage increasingly echoed by other prominent and rising political figures along with 86% – according to the latest polls – of Israel’s secular Jewish public, the time is ripe for action.
This spring, SHATIL has launched three initiatives focused on pluralism and recruiting new populations including students as well as Mizrachi and Orthodox women.
A course run in conjunction with Beit Hillel and Be Free Israel trained a cadre of religious and secular Hebrew University students in the ins and outs of religion and state. In addition to gaining knowledge and activism tools, the students came up with two innovative projects. The “marriage guide compass” will enable Israelis to map their preferences regarding types of marriage as well as their limitations in Israel. The students also plan to create a photo exhibition on issues relating to religion and state to be exhibited at a Jerusalem pub and other locations. Both projects are designed to call public attention to the problems surrounding marriage laws in Israel and hope to inspire change.
“The course was very meaningful, especially its practical aspect,” said Reut Klinberger, a Hebrew University law student. “We were really directed toward action and met so many people who can help us make progress in this area.”
In addition to the Hebrew University course, this spring SHATIL is running two other initiatives aimed at promoting religious pluralism. A support/action group for Orthodox women leaders will provide the women with a safe space to share and discuss the daily dilemmas they encounter in their work as Orthodox feminists. And Tidreshi, a course for 18 traditional Sephardic and Mizrachi women, aims to stem recent trends of religious radicalization – with a special focus on the exclusion of women from the public sphere – within Mizrachi communities. Based on the study of classic Jewish texts relating to social justice and practical training in creating social change, the course recently was covered in Haaretz (in Hebrew) as well as on Israeli television. The course is in collaboration with Memizrach Shemesh.
NIFC Celebrates International Women’s Day
In celebration of International Women’s Day, NIF held a week-long series of public events focusing on women’s rights in Israel.
This year, NIF sponsored a first-of-its-kind collection of women’s protest poetry, Naked Queen. The anthology includes 193 poems written by 103 leading poets and singers on a variety of themes, including the harassment of women; women’s sexuality and body image; and the economic difficulties faced by women. Two poetry evenings in Jerusalem and one event in Tel Aviv, featured a number of the poets, as well as a public discussion of its themes.
In another event, ‘Rising from the Benches’, leading female athletes and media personalities explored the reasons why so few women attend sports events in Israel, even though a majority of them follow sports on a regular basis. An NIF-commissioned survey found that a fear of violence and racism are the primary causes for their absence from the stands. Experience from other countries demonstrates that the more women attend sports events, the less violence and racism are displayed by the audience. NIF hopes to use this information to help kick start a process of encouraging more women, and thus less racism, at sporting events.
We were also proud that the impact of our work on women’s rights was highlighted by the popular Israeli magazine La’Isha’s shortlist of 15 women for the prestigious Rappaport Prize, which recognizes the achievements of a woman who has worked hard to promote social change. Seven of the nominees came from the NIF/SHATIL family, demonstrating how successful we have been in bringing feminism to the mainstream.
NIF Celebrates Precedent-Setting Ruling for Women’s Rights
A precedent-setting ruling on behalf of a 41-year-old single mother constitutes a major victory for women’s rights
The case began when the woman, a teacher, was fired from her position at a religious educational institution for becoming pregnant without being married. Her dismissal was handed down without a hearing and without requesting permission from the commissioner of the Employment of Women Law, which is required when firing a pregnant woman.
In a friend of the court briefing, NIFC funded Kolech presented a halakhic (Jewish legal) ruling of Rabbi Yuval Cherlow, which states that there is no prohibition on unmarried women becoming pregnant.
The Tel Aviv regional labor court ruled that the firing was a violation of the Law of Equal Opportunities, the Law of Human Dignity and Liberty, and the Law of Freedom of Occupation.
According to the ruling: “The court rejected the position of the educational institution that, in the name of religious values, it has the right to fire a teacher because of the fact that she became pregnant without being married…the institution behaved in a disproportionate and unreasonable way. The decision of a single mother to bring a child into the world does not enable a religious educational institution to fire her and to violate her basic right to parenthood and freedom of employment.”
Riki Shapira-Rozenberg, a legal advisor to Kolech, said that the case was one of a number of incidents when single mothers were fired from religious educational institutions and either didn’t have the strength to fight back or resigned because they knew what was coming: “The ruling is revolutionary because it states clearly that these women can’t be fired for being single mothers. The real source of the problem isn’t religion, but patriarchy and a fear of independent women.”
Following Petition, Haredi Schools Ordered to Apply Standardized Tests
Following a petition by NIF grantee the Movement for Reform and Progressive Judaism (IMPJ), the Supreme Court has ordered the Education Ministry to present a plan for standardized testing in the ultra-Orthodox school system for court approval within 100 days. The court also ruled that the plan must include a provision stating that schools failing to perform the tests will be sanctioned.
Ultra-Orthodox schools are already required to teach core subjects like mathematics and civics, but enforcement of the requirement is very uneven. This petition aims to ensure that standardized tests used in the Israeli secular schools measure students’ progress. IMPJ argued that these are necessary to ensuring that all Israeli children receive an education that will provide them with basic abilities as adult citizens
In response to the decision, IMPJ’s Rabbi Gilad Kariv said: “The Supreme Court sent a clear message to the Education Ministry to stop turning a blind eye to the Haredi education’s conduct. This message must be turned into significant government action.” The importance of this petition was highlighted by the response of Attorney Adiel Glass, representing a number of Haredi institutions, who said that the Haredi schools did not want to teach core subjects. “Following many threats, the students were tested on the subject,” he said. “We don’t want to cancel religious study hours. But if push comes to shove, we’ll cooperate.”
IMPJ and other NIF grantees working in the sphere of religious pluralism will be watching closely to see how the Education Ministry responds to the court’s demand, and will also be working hard to promote religious pluralism with the new government.
Supporting women’s advancement through local businesses
Kamla El Hawajra, a Bedouin woman from Israels Negev, was having a hard time. After having six children, she finished high school and went on to complete courses in computers, cooking, and running a home day care, as well as volunteering in the community’s well-baby clinics. But she was not able to find work.
Kamla’s luck began to change four years ago when she became part of Israel’s first community kitchen, set up by AJEEC and the Hura Local Council in partnership with the Hura Women’s Council and the Hura Community Center.
A community kitchen is a local, sustainable business that provides meals for school lunch programs, thus leveraging a government program to create jobs and benefit the local economy. It is an elegant solution to three social challenges: food security (and within this promotion of nutritious food); local economic development – especially in disadvantaged areas; and the creation of jobs open to all. SHATIL Community Organizer Shirley Karavani explains that community kitchens can have a positive effect on a community at many levels. “It enables public money to be used in a smarter way,” she says.
The Hura Community Kitchen provides 5,600 meals per day to qualifying elementary and kindergarten children and employs 11 women. The kitchen is connected with SHATIL’s local sustainable economic development project.
“Before I worked, I felt like a weak woman,” says Kamla, now 46 and a mother of eight and grandmother of three. “My husband is on disability and I could not provide properly for my kids. Since I started working in the kitchen, I feel like a strong woman. I can help my children. My daughter is studying math at Kaye College and I’m paying her fees. I am so happy that she is getting educated so she will not suffer in life as I did. It’s my wish that kitchens like ours be established all over the country so women can earn money for their children and thus keep them on the right path.”
SHATIL and AJEEC, together with the Hura Local Council, are working to make Kamla’s wish come true. Last Thursday Community Kitchens: From Idea to Recipe brought together 80 activists, government and local authority officials, and representatives of foundations to get a first-hand look at the Hura Community Kitchen. The seminar offered practical tools for establishing other kitchens based on this successful model and promoted policies using local resources to provide healthy food in school lunches and other public nutrition programs. Food for the day was provided by the Hura Community Kitchen.
Those involved in the community kitchen emphasize that the success of the model depends not only on individual initiatives, but on government policies. Ran Melamed, deputy director of Yedid, which is partnering on advocacy efforts with SHATIL and AJEEC, spoke at the conference on the drive to get laws passed that would give preference in government contracts to community enterprises like this one, especially those dealing with food.
The government-mandated school lunch program provides needy elementary school students with one hot meal a day. In 2011, 170,000 children received hot meals at a cost of NIS200 million. One of the recommendations of the Trachtenberg Committee following the social justice protests was to double the size of the program. As a result, this school year, 350,000 elementary school and kindergarten pupils are receiving these meals.