Israel’s Supreme Court Strikes Down Illegal Settlement Regularization Law

On June 9, 2020, Israel’s Supreme Court ruled that the “Regularization Law” concerning West Bank land is “unconstitutional” and has ordered that it should be annulled. Eight judges in the nine-judge panel decided to strike down the law, which was intended to legalize otherwise illegal settlements, including settlements encroaching on land privately owned by Palestinians.

The court was ruling on a petition filed by 23 Palestinian local councils, together with human rights organizations including NIFC’s flagship project partner, the Association for Civil Rights in Israel (ACRI), Adalah – The Legal Center for Arab Minority Rights in Israel, funded by the NIF global network.

Adalah attorneys Suhad Bashara, Maisana Morani, and Sliman Shahin from the Jerusalem Center for Human Rights argued in their petition, “The law renders the basic rights of Palestinian subjects in the West Bank worthless and leaves them legally unprotected because it allows them to be dispossessed of their private property by Israeli West Bank settlers on the basis of their ethnic-ideological outlook.”

The law provided for the retroactive legalization of building on land by a person who did not own the rights to the land but who allegedly acted in good faith or with the agreement of the state, as defined in the law.

In a highly unusual development, the Israeli government was represented by a private lawyer after Attorney General Avichai Mandelblit refused to defend the government position.

The court found that the regularization law infringed the property rights and the right to equality of the Palestinian residents of the area, and gave clear preference to the interest of Israeli settlers, without individual examination of the cases in which settlements were constructed and of the state’s involvement in their construction, and without giving sufficient weight to the special status of the Palestinians in the area as “protected residents” in territory captured in war.

ACRI Executive Director Sharon Abraham-Weiss said, “The regularization law is not only unconstitutional, it is immoral because its entire aim was to legalize serious violations of stealing land. It was shameful such a law was included in the State’s law book. The disqualification of the regularization law is not just a happy moment but something that should have been self-evident.”

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